FLORA OF THE GREATER ANTILLES NEWSLETTER

No. 21 - April 2006

Web site: http://www.nybg.org/bsci/fga/


Orchidaceae of the Flora of the Greater Antilles

The Orchidaceae treatment for the FGA has just been submitted to the Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden for consideration. There are about 585 species of orchids in the flora many of which have been described since work on the FGA began. Collaborators are John T. Atwood, Paul M. Brown, Marta A. Díaz, Ed Greenwood, Eric Hágsater, Carlyle A. Luer, Ernesto Mújica, Mark Nir, Gustavo Romero and Victoria Sosa. The principal illustrator is the award winning artist, Bobbi Angell.

Althought the manuscript has been submitted, work on the Orchidaceae continues unabated as classification changes and new taxa continue to stream in. In addition, I have contacted Bill Gould at the USDA's International Institute for Tropical Forestry (in San Juan) and this month he will have their GIS lab produce some basic maps of the region. I intend to have them printed on the inside cover (as in Pedro Acevedo's Flora of St. John). The maps will be available to all those that wish to use them in subsequent treatments of the FGA.—Jim Ackerman.


Web Sites

Angiosperm phylogeny
http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/welcome.html

Aquatic plants and Aquaphyte newsletter
http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/; http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/aquaph.html

Archaeological sites, with plant remains, Tibes, Puerto Rico
http://ponce.inter.edu/tibes/tibes.html

Biodiversity hotspots, Caribbean
http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/Hotspots

http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/Hotspots/caribbean/

Bryological glossary
Magill, R. E. (ed.). 1990. Glossarium polyglottum bryologiae. Missouri Botanical Garden: St. Louis, Missouri. [Polyglot bryological dictionary] http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/tropicos/most/Glossary/glosefr.html

CIA, area handbooks, country profiles, factbooks
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/

Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbit Network News
http://www.cucurbit.org/

Gazetteer (place names, non-USA)
http://gnswww.nga.mil/geonames/GNS/index.jsp

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary_Appendix:Place_Names_in_the_Americas

Gazetteer (place names, USA, territories, Puerto Rico)
http://geonames.usgs.gov/redirect.html

Gazetteers and related geographical information
Statoids (administrative subdivisions of countries, historical information on subdivisions)
http://www.statoids.com/statoids.html

Haiti, Ekman Herbarium recent status reports
http://www.umce.ca/cours/martin/herbier_ekman/Ekman_Herbarium.htm

Herbarium specimen databases
http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/botany/ncsc/type_links.htm

International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (St. Louis Code, 2000)
http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/iapt/nomenclature/code/SaintLouis/0000St.Luistitle.htm

Invasive plants, Dominican Republic
http://www.ceiba.gov.do/inbidom/index.html

Malvaceae
http://www.malvaceae.info/

Piperaceae (Peperomia)
http://www.peperomia.net/repertory.asp

Plant Chromosome Numbers, Index
http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/ipcn.html

Poaceae
http://www.kew.org./data/grasses-db.html; http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-syn.html

Poaceae, catalog of New World grasses
http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/nwgc.html

Polygalaceae
http://www.joethejuggler.com/Polygalaceae/Literature.html

Puerto Rico & US Virgin Islands (Pedro Acevedo site):
Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico (announcement); Monocots and gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (text as pdf file); Agustín Stahl, watercolors and specimens; Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands (announcement); Rio Abajo,Puerto Rico, karst limestome flora
http://ravenel.si.edu/botany/PRFlora/index.html

World Checklists of vascular plants
http://www.kew.org/wcsp/


Upcoming Meetings of Regional Interest

IX Congreso Latinoamericano de Botánica, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana, 19–25 January 2006

Theme: Contributing to the global knowledge of the native Latin American flora. For more information contact: Ricardo García (Executive Secretary of the IX Congreso), Jardín Botánico Nacional, Apartado Postal 21-9, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana, tel. (809)385-2611 or 385-2612, 04 385-2613, ext. 224; FAX (809)385-0446, email jardin.botanico@verizon.net.do Also, see Web page http://www.botanica-alb.org/index2.html and email: albcongreso2006@argentina.com

 

Fifth International Conference on Serpentine Ecology, 9–13 May 2006

University of Siena, Siena, Italy. Topics: soils and microbiology; biodiversity: biogeographical and ecological issues; population and community ecology; physiological ecology of serpentine plants; serpentine faunas: interactions with soils and plants; conservation and management of serpentine soils. Post-conference excursion to an Italian serpentine area. First circular of the conference issued in March 2005 http://www.unisi.it/eve nti/5-ICSE/index.htm. Second announcement expected in June 2005.

 

International Compositae Alliance: A Symposium: Botanic Institute of Barcelona., Barcelona, Spain, 25–29 June 2006

Invited talks are from 15 to 45 minutes. Contributed papers and talks (15 min) will be accepted (1 to 1/2 day devoted to them depending on how many people submit abstracts). Posters welcome on any topic related to Compositae; presenter does not have to attend. Contact: http://www.institutbotanic.bcn.es/compositae2006/inici.htm

 

Third International Rubiaceae Conference: K.U. Leuven, Belgium, 18–21 September 2006

Since the previous Rubiaceae conference in 1995, many new morphological and molecular data have been published. These data partly confirm previous classifications, but also provide new insights into the evolution and biogeography of this large family. The short Rubiaceae symposium during the XVII International Botanical Congress in Vienna made the need for a more prolonged meeting very evident. With the Third Rubiaceae Conference, we want to offer a forum to all Rubiaceae scientists to present the results they achieved in the last decade. The conference is also open to scientists working on other families of the Gentianales. The conference will consist of thematic sessions of lectures and a poster session. Contact: http://www.kuleuven.be/bio/sys/rubiaceae_conference/


Bibliography of Caribbean Botany. 20

The ninteenth part of this series on Caribbean plants and fungi, their ecology and taxonomy, covering the years 1984 to the present was published in the Flora of the Greater Antilles Newsletter No. 20, May 2005. This installment now includes publications about subtropical, southern Florida, mostly titles coming from 2002 to the present.

Authors are requested to send copies of their publications to the editor of the Bibliography for inclusion in future parts of the series. Send publications to:

T. Zanoni, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, U.S.A.

Bibliography

Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2005. Monocotyledons and gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 52: 1–415.

Ackerman, J. D. & W. Carromero. 2005. Is reproductive success related to color polymorphism in a deception pollinated tropical terrestrial orchid? Carib. J. Sci. 41: 234–242. [Bletia patula, Orchidaceae]

Aedo, C., O. Fiz, M. L. Alarcón, C. Navarro & J. J. Aldasoro. 2005. Taxonomic revision of Geranium sect. Dissecta (Geraniaceae). Syst. Bot. 30: 533–558.

Albach, D. C., S. R. Jensen, F. Özgökce, R. J. Grayer. 2005. Veronica: Chemical characters for the support of phylogenetic relationships based on nuclear ribosomal and plastid DNA sequence data. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33: 1087–1106.

Albano, P.-O. 2006. Palmiers succulents? Succulentes 2006(1): 12–16. [Arecaceae, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Pseudophoenix, Coccothrinax, Colpothrinax]

Aldasoro, J. J., C. Aedo & C. Navarro. 2005. Phylogenetic an phytogeographical relationships in Maloideae (Rosaceae) based on morphological and anatomical characters. Blumea 50: 3–32.

Aloy La Rosa, M. & J. Mena Portales. 2005. Hifomicetes de la Reserva de la Biosfera Ciénaga de Zapata, Cuba. Memorias del IX Encuentro de Botánica “Johannes Bisse, in memoriam.” CDR 959-18-0005-3.

Alvarez-Fuentes, O. & C. Sánchez. 2005. A new species and a new combination of Thelypteris, subgenus Amauropelta, section Amauropelta from Cuba. Amer. Fern J. 95: 30–42.

Alvarez-Fuentes, O. & C. Sánchez. 2005. On the lectotypification of Thelypteris scalpturoides. Amer. Fern J. 95: 43–44

Amoah, F. M. 2005. The germination and early growth of cashew (Anacardium occidentale). Trop. Sci. 45: 159–162. [Anacardiaceae, Ghana]

Anderson, R. L., R. A. Birdsey & P. J. Barry. 1982. Incidence of damage and cull in Puerto Rico;s timber resource, 1980. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Res. Bull. SO-88: 1–13.

Azevedo, C. & C. van den Berg. 2005. Proposals to conserve the name Prescottia with that spelling and P. plantaginea against P. plantaginifolia (Orchidaceae). Taxon 54: 1105–1106.

Ballantine, D. L. & N. E. Aponte. 2005. An annotated checklist of deep-reef benthic marine algae from Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas (western Atlantic) II Rhodophyta. Nova Hedwigia 80: 147–171.

Ballantine, D. L. & H. Ruiz. 2005. Two Peysonnelia species (Peysonneliaceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico including P. flavescens nov. sp. Phycologia 44: 328–334.

Ballantine, D. L., E. Weil & H. Ruiz. 2005. Coralline white band syndrome, coralline algal affliction in the tropical Atlantic. Coral Reefs 24: 117.

Barbour, M. G. 2006. In memoriam: Grady L. Webster, 1927–2005. Pl. Sci. Bull. 52(1): 22–23. [Obituary]

Bauer, R. 2005. The genus Pseudorhipsalis Britton & Rose. Haseltonia 9: 94–120. [Cactaceae, Rhipsalis]

Beilstein, M. A., I. A.Al-Shehbaz & E. A. Kellogg. 2006. Brassicaceae phylogeny and trichome evolution. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 607–619.

Beliard, C. A., L. Verret, J. Timyan & Y. Elie. 1996. Essai comparatif d'espèces de Casuarina à Lapila (Pignon), Haïti: résultats après cinq ans de croissance. SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 38: i–viii, 1–12. http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK470.pdf [Casuarina, Casuarinaceae]

Beliard, C. A., L. Verret, J. Timyan & Y. Elie. 1996. Essais de provenances de Cordia alliodora en Haïti: Résultats après cinq ans de croissance. . SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 33: i–x, 1–24. http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNADE465.pdf [Boraginaceae]

Beliard, C. A., L. Verret, J. Timyan & Y. Elie. 1996 Résultats de croissance de provenances de Cedrela odorata après cinq ans en Haïti. SECID/Auburn University Report No. 31: i–x, 1–25. http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNADE464.pdf [Meliaceae]

Beliard, C. A., L. Verret, J. Timyan & Y. Elie. 1996 Résultats de croissance de provenances de Enterolobium calycarpum après cinq ans en Haïti. SECID/Auburn University Report No. 34: i–ix, 1–155. http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNADE474.pdf [Leguminosae, Mimosoideae]

Bellingham, P. J., E. V. J. Tanner & J. R. Healey. 2005. Hurricane disturbance accelerates invasion by the alien tree Pittosporum undulatum in Jamaican montane rain forests. J. Veget. Sci. 16: 675–684 [Pittosporaceae]

Berazaín Iturralde, R., F. Areces Berazaín, J. C. Lazcano Lara & L. R. González Torres. 2005. Lista roja de la flora vascular cubana. Documentos 4. Jardín Botánico Atlántico de Gijón: Gijón, Spain. 86 pp.

Berg, C. C. & P. Franco Rosselli. 2005. Cecropia. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 94: 1–230. [Cecropiaceae]

Berry, P. E., A. L. Hipp, K. L. Wurdack, B. van Ee & R. Riina. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of the giant genus Croton and tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiacerae sensu stricto) using ITS and trnL-trnF DNA sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1520–1534.

Beyra Matos, A. & G. Reyes Artiles. 2005. El género Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb. (Leguminosae) en Cuba. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 62: 181–190.

Beyra Matos, A., P. Herrera Oliver, G. Reyes Artiles & L. Hernández Valdés. Revisión taxonómico del género Galactia P. Br.(Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) en Cuba. Revist Acad. Colombiana Ci. 29: 467–494.

Bischler-Causse, H., S. R. Gradstein, S. Jovet-Ast, D. G. Long & N. Salazar Allen. 2005. Marchantiidae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 97: 1–262. [Marchantiales, Monocleales, Sphaerocarpales]

Bjorholm, S., J.-C. Svenning, F. Skov & H. Balslev. 2005. Environmental and spatial controls of palm (Arecaceae) species richness across the Americas. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 14: 423–429.

Brandeis, T. [T. J. Brandeis] 2005. Comparing aboveground biomass equations for use with the Puerto Rico Forest Inventory data. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 1–9.

Brandeis, T. J. & M. del R. Suárez Rozo. 2005. Effects of model choice and forest structure on inventory-based estimations of Puerto Rican forest biomass. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 250–268.

Branney, T. M. E. 2005. Hardy gingers including Hedychium, Roscoea, and Zingiber. Timber Press: Portland, OR. & Royal Horticultural Soociety. [Zingiberaceae, Costaceae, Alpinia, Amomum, Boesenbergia, Cautleya, Cornukaempferia, Costus, Curcuma, Globba, Hemiorchis, Kaempferia, Siphonochilus]

Bräuchler, C., H. Maimberg, T. Abele & G. Heubl. 2005. Polyphyly of the genus Micromeria (Lamiaceae)—evidence from cpDNA sequence data. Taxon 54: 639–650.

Brown, D. R. & T. W. Sherry. 2006. Behavioral response of resident Jamaican birds to dry season food supplementation. Biotropica 38: 91–99.

Buck, W. R., C. J. Cox, J. Shaw & B. Goffinet. 2005. Ordinal relationships of pleurocarpous mosses, with special reference to the Hookeriales. Syst. Biodiversity 2: 121–145.

Butterworth, C. A. & R. A. Wallace. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of the leafy cactus genus Pereskia (Cactaceae). Syst. Bot. 30: 800–808.

Callaway, D. J. 1994. The World of Magnolias. Timber Press, Portland, OR. [Magnolia, Magnoliaceae]

Caluff, M. G. & G. Shelton. 2004. Helechos y plantas afines (Pteridophyta) de las Alturas de Sancti Spiritus, Cuba central. Brenesia 62: 15–30.

Calvin, C. L. & C. A. Wilson. 2006. Comparative morphology of epicortical roots in Old and New World Loranthaceae with reference to root types, origin, patterns of longitudinal extension and potential for clonal growth. Flora 201: 51–64.

Cameron, K. M. 2005. Leave it to the leaves: A molecular phylogenetic study of Malaxideae (Epidendroideae, Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1025–1032.

Camino, M., G. Mata & G. Gúzman. 2005. Miguel Rodíguez Hernández 1949–2003: Su aportación al desarrollo de la micología en el caribe. Revista Mex. Micol. 18: 3–6. [biography, bibliography]

Camino, M., G. Moreno & A. Castillo. Taxonomic revision of the myxomycetes from Cuba deposited in the Farlow Herbarium (USA). Mycotaxon 93: 379–400.

Campbell, J., B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, T. Gräfenhan, J. W. Spatafora & J. Kohlmeyer. 2005. A re-evaluation of Lulworthiales: Relationships based on 18S and 28S rDNA. Mycol. Res. 109: 556–568.

Cariaga, K. A., C. E. Lewis, J. Maschinski, S. J. Wright & J. Francisco-Ortega. 2005. Patterns of genetic diversity in the critically endangered Florida Key endemic Consolea corallicola Small (Cactaceae): Evidence from inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSRs) DNA polymorphisms. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 225–233.

Carlquist, S. & J. R. Grant. 2005. Wood anatomy of Gentianaceae. Tribe Helieae, in relation to ecology, habit, systematics, and sample diameter. Brittonia 57: 276–291.

Carlquist, S. & E. L. Schneider. 2005. Vestigial pit membrane remnants in perforation plates and helical thickenings in vessels of Ericaceae. Nord. J. Bot. 23: 353–363.

Carromero, W. & J. L. Hamrick. 2005. The mating system of Verbascum thapsus (Scrophulariaceae): The effect of plant height. Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 979–983 [plants in Georgia, U.S.A.]

Carruthers, T. J. B., P. A. G. Barnes, G. E. Jacome & J. W. Forrqurean. 2005. Lagoon scale processes in a coastally influenced Caribbean system: Implications for the seagrass Thalassia testudinum. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 441–455. [Hydrocharitaceae]

Cavalcanti, T. B. & S. A. Graham. 2005. New taxa in Lythraceae from Latin America. Novon 15: 59–68. [Cuphea parsonsia var. grisebachiana, comb. & stat. nova, Cuba]

Chafin, L. G. with J. C. Putnam Hancock & G. Nelson. 2000. Field guide to the rare plants of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory: Tallahassee, FL. [Loose-leaf pages]

Chase, M. W., L. Hanson, V. A. Albert et al . 2005. Life history evolution and genome size in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). Ann. Bot. 95: 191–199.

Chinea, J. D., R. J. Beymer, C. Rivera, I. Sastre de Jesús & F. N. Scatena. 1993. An annotated list of the flora of the Bisley Area, Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, 1987 to 1992. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. SO-94: 1–12.

Christenhusz, M. J. M. & H. Tuomisto. 2005. Some notes on the taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of Danaea (Marattiaceae). Fern Gaz. 17: 217–222.

Cieslak, T., J. S. Polepalli, A. White, K. Müller, T. Borsch, W. Barthlott, J. Steiger, A. Marchant & L. Legendre. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae): Chloroplast DNA sequences and morphology support several geographically distinct radiations. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1723–1736.

Clark, C. A. 1998. Poaceae (Gramineae) on the island of San Salvador, Bahamas. Pp. 19–22 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Clark, J. L. 2005. A monograph of Alloplectus (Gesneriaceae). Selbyana 25: 182–209.

Clebsch, B. 2003. The new book of salvias: Sages for every garden. Timber Press: Portland, OR. [The second edition of A book of salvias: Sages for every garden, Timber Press, Portland, OR, 1997]

Clubbe, C. et al. 2004. Abundance, distribution and conservation significance of regionally endemic plant species on Anegada, British Virgin Islands. Oryx 38: 342–345.

Collado-Vides, L., L. M. Rutten & J. W. Fourqueran. 2005. Spatiotemporal variation of the abundance of calcareous green macroalgae in the Florida Keys: A study of synchrony within a macroalgal functional-form group. J. Phycol. 41: 742–752.

Corner, J. 2005. Botanical urbanism: A new project for the botanical garden at the University of Puerto Rico. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes 25: 123–143.

Correa A., M. D. & T. R. dos Santos Silva. Drosera (Droseraceae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 96: 1–66.

Crandall-Stotler, B. J., L. L. Forrest & R. E. Stotler. 2005. Evolutionary trends in the simple thalloid liverworts (Marchantiophyta, Jungermanniopsida subclass Metzgeriidae). Taxon 54: 299–316.

Crane, P. R. 1998. The phylogenetic position and fossil history of the Magnoliaceae. Pp. 23–36 in D. Hunt (ed.), Magnolias and their allies. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, U.K., 12–13 April 1996. International Dendrology Society & Magnolia Society, England.

Crawford, D. J., E. Landolt, D. H. Les, J. K. Archibald & R. T. Kimball. 2005. Allozyme variation within and divergence between Lemna gibba and L. disperma: Systematic and biogeographic implications. Aquat. Bot. 83: 119–128.

Curet, L. A. 2005. Caribbean paleodemography: Population, culture history, and sociopolitical processes in ancient Puerto Rico. University of Alabama Press: Tuscaloosa, Alabama. xiv + 271 pp.

Curet, L. A. 2005. Tibes: A doorway to Puerto Rico’s past. In The Field [Field Mus., Chicago, IL.] 75(3): 4–5. [Tibes, Puerto Rico, archaeological site]

Dauphin, G. 2003. Ceratolejeunea. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 90: 1–86. [Lejeuneaceae]

Delgado, G., J. Mena-Portales, J. Gené & J. Guarro. 2005. New species of Cryptophialoidea and Hughesinia (Hyphomycetes, anamorphic fungi) from Cuba. Fungal Diversity 20: 31–38.

Dessein, S., H. Ochoterena, P. De Block, F. Lens, E. Robbrecht, P. Schols, E. Smets, S. Vonckier & S. Hysmans. 2005. Palynological characters and their phylogenetic signal in Rubiaceae. Bot. Rev. 71: 354–414.

De Wilde, J. J. F. 1956. A delimitation of Mammea L. Acta Bot. Neerl. 5: 171–178. [Clusiaceae]

Díaz-Muñoz, G. & R. Montalvo-Rodríguez. 2005. Halophytic black yeast Hortea werneckii in the Cabo Rojo solar salterns: Its first record for this extreme environment in Puerto Rico. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 360–365.

Donders, T. H., F. Wagner & H. Visscher. 2005. Quantification strategies for human-induced and natural hydrological changes in wetland vegetation, southern Florida, USA. Quaternary Res. 64: 333–342.

Dressler, R. L. & J. P. Folsom. 2005. Proposal to reject the name Cymbidium muricatum (Orchidaceae). Taxon 54: 1106–1107. [Dichaea]

Drewes, S. I. 2005. Morfología de estilos y estigmas en Macroptilium (Fabaceae). Kurtziana 31: 29–38.

Dunphy, B. K. & J. L. Hamrock. 2005. Gene flow among established Puerto Rican populations of the exotic tree species, Albizia lebbek. Heredity 94: 418–425. [Mimosaceae]

Dunthorn, M. 2002. Anatomy and palynology of Mammea L. (Clusiaceae). M.Sc. thesis, University of Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri.

Dunthorn, M. 2004. Cryptic dieocy in Mammea (Clusiaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 249: 191–196.

Dute, R. R., D. R. Folkerts, J. E. Watkins, M. E. Saxon & R. S. Boyd. 2004. Floral anatomy and pollination biology of Cyrilla racemiflora. Southeastern Naturalist 3: 309–326. [Cyrillaceae]

Eddie, W. M. M., T. Shulkina, J. Gaskin, R. C. Haberle, R. K. Jansen. 2003. Phylogeny of Campanulaceae s.str. inferred from its sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 554–575.

Edwards, E. J., R. Nyffeler & M. J. Donohue. 2005. Basal cactus phylogeny: Implications of Pereskia (Cactaceae) paraphyly for the transition to the cactus life form. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1177–1188.

Ehrendorfer, F. & Yan-Ping Guo. 2005. Changes in the circumscription of the genus Achillea (Compositae-Anthemideae) and its subdivision. Willdenowia 35: 49–54.[Achillea millefolium = sect. Achillea]

Espinosa-Matías, S., S. Zamudio & J. Márquez-Guzmán. 2005. Embriología de las estructuras reproductivas masculinas del género Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae). Bol. Soc. Bot. Mex. 76: 43–52.

Evans, L. S., Y. Okawa & D. G. Searcy. 2006. Anatomy and morphology of red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) plants on relation to internal airflow. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 537–550. [Rhizophoraceae. US Virgin Islands]

Ewel, J. J. & J. L. Whitmore. 1973. The ecological life zones of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Res. Pap. ITF-18: 1–72.

Farjon, A.2005. A bibliography of conifers. Selected literature on taxonomy and related disciplines of the Coniferales. Ed. 2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Richmond, UK.

Farjon, A. 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Richmond, U.K.

Ferraro, L. I. & R. Lücking. 2005. The genus Gomphillus (Ostropales: Gomphillaceae) in the Americas, with the new species Gomphillus pedersenii from Argentina. Bryologist 108: 491–496. [lichens]

Figueroa Colón, J. C., F. H. Wadsworth & S. Branham (eds.). 1987. Management of the forests of tropical America: Prospects and technologies. Proceedings of a conference. Institute of Tropical Forestry, U.S.D.A. & University of Puerto Rico, Río Peidras, Puerto Rico.

Fior, S., P. O. Karis, G. Casazza, L. Minuto & F. Sala. 2006. Molecular phylogeny of the Caryophyllaceae (Caryophyllales) inferred from chloroplast matK and nucler rDNA ITS sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 399–411.

Ford, K. H. 1998. A description of the communities of North Andros Island, Bahamas. Pp. 33–34 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Forrest, L. L., M. Hughes & P. M. Hollingsworth. 2005. A phylogeny of Begonia using nuclear ribosomal sequence data and morphological characters. Syst. Bot. 30: 671–682. [Begoniaceae]

Frahm, J.-P. & A. E. Newton. 2005. A new contribution to the moss flora of Dominican amber. Bryologist 108: 526–536.

Francis, J. K. & C. A. Lowe (eds.) & S. Trabanino (translator). 2000. Bioecología de arboles natives y exóticos de Puerto Rico y las Indias Occidentales: Silvics of native and exotic tree species of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean Islands. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-15: i–xi, 1–582.

Freid, E. H. & M. A. Kerwin. 1998. Flora and vegetation of Bell Island (Exuma chain), Bahamas. Pp. 41–52 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Frey, W. & M. Stech. 2005. A morpho-molecular classification of the liverworts (Hepaticophytinae, Bryophyta). Nova Hedwigia 81: 55–78.

Fritsch, P. W., B. C. Cruzm F. Almeda, Yuguo Wang & Suhua Shi. 2006. Phylogeny of Symplocos based on DNA sequences of the chloroplast trnC-trnD intergenic region. Syst. Bot. 31: 181–192. [Symplocaceae]

Frodin, D. G. & R. Govaerts. 1996. World checklist and bibliography of Magnoliaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Frodin, D. G. & R. Govaerts with contributions from H.-J. Esser, P. P. Lowry & J. Wen. 2003. World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae. World Checklists and bibliographies No. 7. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Fuentes Fiallo, V. R., R. Cristóbal Suárez, T. Shagarodsky Scull, P. Sánchez Pérez, L. Castiñeiras Alfonso, Z. Fundora Mayor, O. Barrios Govín, V. Moreno Formental, L. Fernández Granda. R. Orellana Gallego, J. L. Alonso Lanza, V. González Areu, M. García García, C. Giraudy, A. Valiente & F. Hernández. 2004. Plantas ornamentals en conucos de tres regiones de Cuba. Pl. Genet. Resources Newsl. 140: 51–56.

Gamboa-Gaitán, M. A., S. Laureano & P. Bayman. 2005. Endophytic Phomopsis strains from leaves of Guarea guidonea (Meliaceae). Carib. J. Sci. 41: 215–224. [Fungi]

García-Cruz, J. & V. Sosa. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and character evolution in Govenia (Orchidaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 83: 1329–1339.

García Lahera, J. P. & A. Orozco Morgado. 2004. Estado de conservación de Erythrina elenae (Fabaceae). Brenesia 62: 35–40. [Cuba, Leguminosae]

Geggus, D. 2002. Indigo and slavery in Saint Domingue. Pp. 19–35 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Gitaí, J., R. Horres & A. M. Benko-Iseppon. 2005. Chromosomal features and evolution of Bromeliaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 253: 65–80. [Brazilian plants, polyploidy]

González, G. 2005. Soil biology/ecology studies. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 13–18.

González-Torres, L. R., J. Matos, A. Palmarola, F. Areces, A. Rodríguez & A. Torres. 2005. Saving a dwarf Cuban Turk’s cap cactus. Brit. Cact. Succul. J. 23: 83–85. [Melocactus actinacanthus, Cactaceae]

Gottschling, M., J. S. Miller, M. Weigend & H. H. Hilger. 2005. Congruence of a phylogeny of Cordiaceae (Boraginales) inferred from ITS1 sequence data with morphology, ecology, and biogeography. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 425–437. [Boraginaceae]

Gould, B. 2005. Research and teaching in lansdscape and vegetation ecology. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 19–20.

Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield. 2005. World checklist of palms. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew. [Arecaceae, Palmae]

Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales: Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae and Ticodendraceae. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). World checklists and bibliographies No. 6. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Govaerts, R., D. G. Frodin, T. D. Pennington assisted by L. W. Jessup and W. Vink. 2001. World checklist and bibliography of Sapotaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Govaerts, R., D. G. Frodin & A. Radcliffe-Smith. 2000. World chelcklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (with Pandaceae). Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Graham, S. A. 2005. Typification of some names in the Lythraceae, with emphasis on names by A. Grisebach. Harvard Pap. Bot. 9: 297–304. [Charles Wright, Cuba]

Graham, S. A., J. Hall, K. Sytsma & Su-hua Shi. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of the Lythraceae based on four gene regions and morphology. Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 995–1017.

Grant, J. R. & W. Till. 2005.Proposal to reject the name Dendropogon (Bromeliaceae: Tillandsioideae). Taxon 54: 549. [Tillandsia]

Greene, D. F. & M. Quesada. 2005. Seed size, dispersal, and aerodynamic constraints within the Bombacaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 998–1005. [kapok, Ceiba]

Gregory, M., R. M. Fritsch, N. W. Friesen, F. O. Khassanov & D. W. McNeal. 1998. Nomenclator Alliorum: Allium names and synonyms. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew. [Alliaceae, Liliaceae]

Grolle, R. & E. Reiner-Drehwald. 2005. Pictolejeuena levis, a new species of Lejeuneaceae (Jungermanniopsida) from Cuba. J. Bryol. 27: 281–283.

Guo, Ya-Long & Song Ge. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Oryzeae (Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from chloroplast, mitochondrial, and nuclear genomes. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1548–1558. [Oryza]

Hansen, A. K., L. E. Gilbert, B. B. Simpson, S. R. Downie, A. C. Cervi & R. K. Jansen. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships and chromosome number evolution in Passiflora. Syst. Bot. 31: 138–150. [Passifloraceae]

Harley, M. M., U. Song & H. I. Banks. 2005. Pollen morphology and systematics of Burseraceae. Grana 44: 282–299.

Harley, R. & A. Granda Paucar. 2000. List of species of tropical American Clinopodium (Labiatae), with new combinations. Kew Bull. 55: 917–927.

Harper, S. D. & G. W. Smith. 1998. Temporal variations in the phosphorus content of Bahamian seagrasses. Pp. 63–70 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Harrington, M. G., K. J. Edwards, S. A. Johnson, M. W. Chase & P. A. Gadek. 2005. Phylogenetic inference in Sapindaceae sensu lato using plastid matK and rbcL DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 30: 366–382.

Harris, R. C. 1998. A preliminary revision of Pseudopyrenula Müll. Arg. (lichenized Ascomycetes, Trypetheliaceae) with a redisposition of the names previously assigned to the genus. Pp. 133–148 in M. G. Glenn, R. C. Harris, R. Dirig & M. S. Cole (eds.), Lichenographia Thomsoniana: North American lichenology in honor of John W. Thomson. Mycotaxon, Ltd.: Ithaca, NY.

Hassan, N. S., J. Thiede & S. Liede-Schumann. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of Sesuvioideae (Aizoaceae) from nrDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences and morphological data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 255: 121–143.

Haston, E. M., G. P. Lewis & J. A. Hawkins. 2005. A phylogenetic reappraisal of the Peltophorum group (Caesalpiniaceae: Leguminosae) based on the chloroplast trnL-F, rbcL, and rps16 sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1359–1371.

Hawthorne, W. D., D. Jules & G. Marcelle. 2004. Caribbean Spice Island plants: trees, shrubs and climbers of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique: A picture gallery with notes on identification, historical and other trivia. Oxford Forestry Institute: Oxford, England.

Hechavarria Schwesinger, L. 2005. Tillandsia canescens: A rare species from the Greater Antilles. J. Bromeliad Soc. 55: 136–138. [Bromeliaceae, Jamaica, Cuba]

Hedenäs, L. 2003. Amblystegiaceae (Musci). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 89: 1–107.

Helmer, E. H. 2005. Forest conservation and land development in Puerto Rico. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 11–12.

Herrera, P. P. & I. Ventosa. 2005. Biogeography of Cuban Asteraceae. Compositae Newsl. 42: 55–68.

Herrera, P. P. & I. Ventosa. 2005. Ecology of Cuban Asteraceae. Compositae Newsl. 42: 89–108.

Higman, B. W. 2002. The internal economy of Jamaican pens, 1760–1890. Pp. 63–81 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Hörandl, E., O. Paun, J. T. Johansson, C. Lehnebach, T. Arnstrong, L. Chen & P. Lockhart. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary traits in Ranunculus s.l. (Ranunculaceae) inferred from ITS sequence analysis. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 36: 305–327.

Hovencamp, P. H. & F. Miyamoto. 2005. A conspectus of the native and naturalized species of Nephrolepis (Nephrolepidaceae) in the world. Blumea 50: 279–322.

Hueth, T. L. 2005. State and private forestry accomplishments. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 55–63.[Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands]

Hulme, P. 1986. Colonial encounters: Europe and the native Caribbeans. Methuen, London.

Huhndorf, S. M., A. N. Miller, F. A. Fernández & D. J. Lodge. 2005. Neotropical Ascomycetes. 13. Cornipulvina and Erythromada, two new genera from the Caribbean and elsewhere. Fungal Diversity 20: 59–69. [Boliniaceae]

Hunt, D. (ed.). 1998. Magnolias and their allies. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, U.K., 12–13 April 1996. International Dendrology Society & Magnolia Society, England.

Hunt, P. D., L. Reitsma, S. L. Burson III & B. J. Steele. 2005. Spatial and temporal distribution of northern waterthrushes among nonbreeding habitats in southwestern Puerto Rico. Biotropica 37: 697–701.

Iglesias Brito, H., S. Herrera Figueroa, J. L. Ortiz Medina & J. Mena Portales. 2004. Hongos de las Reservas de la Biosfera, Cuba: Especies registradas de la Reserva Buenavista. Memoria del VII Simposio de Botánica. Cuba. CD-R. ISBN 950270029-X.

Janssens, S., K. Geuten, Yong-Ming Yuan, Yi Song, P. Küofer & E. Smets. 2006. Phylogenetics of Impatiens and Hydrocera (Balsaminaceae) using chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer sequences. Syst. Bot. 31: 171–180.

Janssens, S., F. Lens, S. Dressler, K. Geuten, E. Smets & S. Vinckier. 2005. Palynological variation in Balsaminoid Ericales. II. Balsaminaceae, Tertameristaceae and general conclusions. Ann. Bot. 96: 1061–1073.

Jennings, E. P. 2002. State enslavement in colonial Havana, 1763–1790. Pp. 152–182 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Jenny, R. 2005. Corallorhiza and its historical background. Part II. The early scientists. Native Orchid Conf. J. 2(2): 1–13. [Orchidaceae]

Jenny, R. 2005. Corallorhiza and its historical background. Part III. Checklist. Native Orchid Conf. J. 2(3): 1–13. [Orchidaceae]

Jobes, D. V. & L. B. Thien. 1998. Molecular systematics of the Magnoliaceae: A review of recent molecular studies. Pp. 59–70 in D. Hunt (ed.), Magnolias and their allies. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, U.K., 12–13 April 1996. International Dendrology Society & Magnolia Society, England.

John, L. & D. Firth. 2005. Water, watersheds, forests and poverty reduction: A Caribbean perspective. Internatl. Forestry Rev. 7: 311–319.

Jones, E. B. G. & M. A. Abdel-Wahab. 2005. Marine fungi from the Bahamas Islands. Bot. Mar. 48: 356–364.

Judd, W. S., J. D. Kean Jr. & C. K. McMullen. 1990. The flora of Macaya Biosphere Reserve: Additional taxa, taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. Moscosoa 6: 124–133. [Correction on authors]

Kass, L. B., K. S. Reddy & R. E. Hunt. 1998. A national herbarium for the Bahamas. Pp. 77–81 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Kathriarachchi, H., P. Hoffmann, R. Samuel, K. J. Wurdack, M. W. Chase. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of Phyllanthaceae inferred from five genes (plastid atpB, matK, 3’ndhF, rbcL, and nuclear PHYC). Molec. Phylogenetics Evol. 36: 112–134. [Euphorbiaceae]

Kay, K. M., P. A. Reeves, R. G. Olmsted & D. W. Schemske. 2005. Rapid speciation and evolution of hummingbird pollination in neotropical Costus subgenus Costus (Costaceae): Evidence from nrDNA ITS and ETS sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1899–1910.

Kennedy, L. M., S. P. Horn & K. H. Orvis. 2005. Modern pollen spectra from the highlands of the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 137: 51–68.

Kier, G., J. Mutke, E. Dinerstein, T. H. Ricketts, W. Küper, H. Kreft & W. Barhlott. 2005. Global patterns of plant diversity and floristic knowledge. J. Biogeogr. 32: 1107–1116.

Klitgaard, B. & A. Bruneau (eds.). 2003. Advances in Legume Science. Part 10. Higher level systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Knight, F. W. 2002. The free colored population in Cuba during the Nineteenth Century. Pp. 224–247 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Kreft, H., J. H. Sommer & W. Barthlott. 2006. The significance of geographic size for spatial diversity patterns in Neotropical palms. Ecography 29: 21–30. [Arecaceae, Palmae]

Krings, A. 2005. Lectotypification and a new combination in Matelea (Apocynaceae: Ascelpiadoideae) for an endemic Hispaniolan vine. Sida 21: 2081–2085.

Krings, A. 2005. A new combination in Matelea (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) for an endemic Jamaican vine. Sida 1515–1517.

Krings, A. 2005. A new species of Matelea (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) from Hispaniola. Sida 21: 1519–1523.

Krings, A. 2005. Notes on the Matelea bayatensis-correllii-tigrina complex (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae: Gonolobinae) in the Greater Antilles and Bahamas. Sida 21: 1525–1533.

Krupnick, G. A. & W. J. Kress. 2005. Plant conservation: A natural history approach. University of Chicao Press, Chicago, IL. 344 pp.

Kuijt, J., T. A. Carlo & J. E. Aukema. 2005. A new endemic species for Puerto Rico: Dendrophthora bermejae (Viscaceae). Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 24: 115–108.

Kuijt, J. & D. Lye. 2005. A preliminary survey of foliar sclerenchyma in Neotropical Loranthaceae. Blumea 50: 323–255.

Kyndt, T., B. van Droogenbroeck, E. Romeijn-Peeters, J. Parcemon Romero-Motochi. X. Scheldeman, P. Goetghebeur, P. van Damme & G. Gheysen. 2005. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of Caricaceae based in rDNA internal transcribed spacers and chloroplast sequence data. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 37: 442–459.

Landolt, J. C. & C. W. Stihler. 1998. Dicotyostelid cellular slime molds from San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Pp. 83–86 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Large, M. F. & J. E. Braggins. 2004. Tree ferns. Timber Press: Portland, OR. [Calochlaena, Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Calcita, Cyathea, Cystodium, Dicksonia, Leptopteris, Lophosoria, Osmunda, Sadleria, Tyrsopteris, Todea, Cyatheaceae, Dicksoniaceae]

Larramendi, J. A. & J. Llamacho Olmos. 2005. The ochids of Cuba/Las orquídeas de Cuba. Greta Editores: Sevilla, Spain.

Lawton, B. P. 2004. Hibiscus: Hardy and tropical plants for the garden. Timber Press: Portland, OR. [Malvaceae]

Leitão, C. A. E., R. M. S. A. Meira & A. A. Azevedo. 2005. Anatomy of the floral, bract, and foliar nectarines of Triumfetta semitriloba (Tiliaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 83: 279–286. [Plants from Brazil]

Lens, F., S. Dressler, S. Jansen, L. van Evelghem & E. Smets. 2005. Relationships within balsaminoid Ericacles: A wood anatomical approach. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 941–953. [Balsaminaceae, Marcgraviaceae, Pellicieraceae, Tetrameristaceae]

Lens, F., S. Dressler, S. Vinickier, S. Janssens, S, Dessein, L. van Evelghem & E. Smets. 2005. Palynological variation in Balsaminoid Ericales. I. Marcgraviaceae. Ann. Bot. 96: 1047–1060.

Levin, R. A. & J. S. Miller. 2005. Relationships within tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae): Paraphyly of Lycium and multiple origins of gender dimorphism. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 2044–2053.

Levin, R. A., N. R. Myers & L. Bohs. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the “spiny solanums” (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93: 157–169.

Lewis, G., B. Schirire, B. Mackinder & M. Lock. 2005. Legumes of the world. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. [Fabaceae, Leguminosae]

Liegel, L. H. & C. R. Venator. 1987. A technical guide for forest nursery management in the Caribbean and Latin America. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. SO-67: i–vii, 1–156.

Linares, E., R. Wasum, M. Rodríguez, E. Herrera, T. Balcázar & A. Gómez-Mejía. 21999. La Asociación Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Jardines Botánicos a ocho años de su creación. Plumeria 7: 68–76.

Little, E. L. Jr. & J. B. Feheley. 2001. New World trees (excluding Canada and the United States): A selected bibliography for identification. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-10: 1–56.

Little, E. L. Jr., R. O. Woodbury & F. H. Wadsworth. 1976. Flora of Virgin Gorda (British Virgin Islands). U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Res. Techn. Rep. ITF-21: 1–36.

Littler, D. S., M. M. Littler, I. G. MacIntyre, E. Bowlin, M. S. Andres & R. P. Reid. 2005. Guide to the dominant macroalgae of the stromatolite fringing reef complex, Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Res. Bull. 532: 67–91.

Liu, Hong & E. S. Menges. 2005. Winter fires promote greater vital rates in the Florida Keys than summer fires. Ecology 86: 1483–1495. [Chamaecrista keyensis, Caesalpiniaceae]

Liu, Yan-Ling, Xu Li-Ming, Ni Xue-Ming & Zhao Jia-Rong. 2005. Phylogeny of the Nymphaeaceae inferred from ITS sequences. Acta Phytotax. Sinica 43: 22–30.

Lledo, M. D., M. B. Crespo, M. F. Fay & M. W. Chase. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of Limonium and related genera (Plumbaginaceae): Biogeographical and systematics implications. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1189–1198.

Lodge, D. J. 2005. Annual Letter report. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 21–26. [fungi]

Lucas, E. J., S. R. Belsham, E. M. Nic Lughadha, D. A. Orlovich, C. M. Sakuragui, M. W. Chase & P. G. Wilson. 2005. Phylogenetic patterns in the fleshy-fruited Myrtaceae—preliminary molecular evidence. Pl. Syst. Evol. 251: 35–51.

Luckow, M. et al. 2005. Acacia: The case against moving the type to Australia. Taxon 54: 513–519. [Leguminosae, Mimosoideae]

Lugo, A. E. 2005. Ecological research. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 27–34.

Lugo, A. E. & L. Mastrantonio. 1999. Institute of Tropical Forestry: The first fifty years. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-7: i–vi, 1–55. [Institute of Tropical Forestry from 1939–1959; more recently, 1992, the name changed to International Institute of Tropical Forestry]

Lugo, A. E., L. Miranda Castro, A. Vale, T, del M. López, R. Hernández Prieto, A., García Martinó, A. R. Puente Rolón, A. G. Tossas, D. A. MacFarlane, T. Miller, A. Rodríguez, J. Lundberg, J. Thomlinson, J. Colón, J. H. Schellekens, O. Ramos & E. Helmer. 2004. El karso de Puerto Rico—Un recurso vital. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv, Traducción-Informe Técn. Gen. WO-65: i, 1–100.

Lugo, A. E., L. T, del M. López & O. M. Ramos. 2000. Zonificación de terrenos en la periferia de El Yunque. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-16: 1–12. [Puerto Rico]

Luttenton, M. R. & T. N. Luttenton. 1998. The algae; flora of a small freshwater marsh, San Salvador, Bahamas. Pp. 93–97 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9: 793–801.

MacDonald, G. E. 2004. Gogongrass (Imperata cylindrica)—Biology, ecology, and management. Crit. Rev. Pl. Sci. 23: 367–380. [Poaceae] [Date correction]

Magalhães, A. F., A. L. T. G. Ruiz, A. Flach, A. D. Faria, E. G. Magalhães, M. do C. E. Amaral. 2005. Floral scent of Eleocharis elegans (Kunth) Roem. & Schult. (Cyperaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33: 675–679. [Brazilian plants]

Maldonado-Ramírez, S. L. & H. Torres-Pratts. 2005. First report of Clastrus cf. crispus (Basidiomycota: Clathraceae) occurring on decomposing leaves of Rhizophora mangle in Puerto Rico. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 357–359. [Phallales]

MacPhee, R. D. E. 2005. ‘First’ appearances in the Cenozoic land-mammal record of the Greater Antilles: Significance and comparison with South American and Antarctic records. J. Biogeogr. 32: 551–564.

Magill, R. E. (ed.) 1990. Glossarium polyglottum bryologiae, Missouri Botanical Garden: St. Louis, Missouri. [Polygot bryological dictionary] http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/tropicos/most/Glossary/glosefr.html

Manns, U. & A. A. Anderberg. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Anagallis (Myrsinaceae) based on ITS, trnL-F, and ndhF sequence data. Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 1019–1028. [Lysimachiaceae]

Marazzi, B., P. K. Endress, L. Paganucci de Queiroz & E. Conti. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships within Senna (Leguminosae, Cassiinae) based on three chloroplast DNA regions: Patterns in the evolution of floral symmetry and extrafloral nectarines. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 288–303.

Martínez, G. 2005. À la recherche du diamant vert. Palmier 16(43): 15–17. [Arecaceae, Cuba]

Martínez-Daranas, B., P. M. Alcolado & C. M. Duarte. 2005. Leaf production and shoot dynamics of Thalassia testudinum by a direct census method. Aquat. Bot. 81: 213–224. [Hydrocharitaceae, Cuba]

Martins, T. R. & T. J. Barkman. 2005. Reconstruction of Solanaceae phylogeny using the nuclear gene SAMT. Syst. Bot. 30: 435–447.

McDade, L. A., T. F. Daniel, C. A. Kiel & K. Vollesen. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among Acantheae (Acanthaceae): Major lineages present contrasting patterns of molecular evolution and morphological differentiation. Syst. Bot. 30: 834–862.

McGinley, K. 2005. International cooperation highlights. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 64–69.

McKown, A. D., J.-M. Moncalvo & N. G. Denger. 2005. Phylogeny of Flaveria (Asteraceae) and inference of C-4 photosynthesis evolution. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1911–1928.

McMahon, M. & L. Hufford. 2005. Evolution and development in the amorphoid clade (Amorpheae: Papilionieae: Leguminosae): Petal loss and redifferentiation. Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 383–396. [Amorpha]

Meléndez-Ackerman, E. J., S. Aragón, M. Morales-Vargas, J. Sustache, F. S. Axelrod, C. Fuentes, J. D. Ackerman, M. García & D. S. Fernández. 2005. Monitoring efforts yield new plant records for Mona Island, Puerto Rico, a tropical dry forest wonderland. Carib. J. Sci. 41: 150–152.

Meléndez-Ackerman, E. J., P. Speranza, W. J. Kress, L. Rohena, E. Toledo, C. Cortés, D. Treece, M. Gitzendanner, P. Soltis & D. Soltis. 2005. Microevolutionary processes inferred from AFLP and morphological variation in Heliconia bihai (Heliconiaceae). Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 781–794. [On islands of St. Vincent and St. Lucia]

Mena Portales, J., S. Herrera Figueroa, A. Mercado Sierra & D. Minter (eds.). 2000. Estrategia de conservación de la diversidad fúngica en Cuba. Insituto de Ecología y Sistemática: La Habana, Cuba. 161 pp.

Mena Portales, J., S. Herrera Figueroa, A. Mercado Sierra, D. Minter, H. Iglesias Brito, N. Blanco Hernández, J. L. Oritz Medina, S. Maldonado González, G, Recio Herrera, M. Rodríguez Hernández & M. Camino Vilaro. 2003. Estrategia para la conservaxción de la diversidad fúngica en Cuba. Pp. 262–282 in Memorias IV Convención Internacional de Medioambiente y Desarrollo. La Habana, Cuba.

Méndez Santos, I. E., E. R. Bécquer Granados & R. P. Herrera. 2005. A new species of Satureja (Lamiaceae) from central Cuba. Willdenowia 35: 167–171. [Key to Greater Antillean taxa]

Migliaccio, C. & A. Reyes. 2005. The genus Coccothrinax in cultivation. Palms 49(2): 57–71. [Arecaceae, Palmae]

Miranda-Castro, L. & S. Padrón. 2005. Cactus comeback in the Caribbean. Endangered Sp. Bull. 30(1): 14–15. [Cactaceae, Culebra Island, Puerto Rico]

Mitchell, C. H. & P. K. Diggle. 2005. The evolution of unisexual flowers: Morphological and functional convergence results from diverse developmental transitions. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1068–1076.

Monro, A. K. 2001. Synopsis of Mesoamerican Pilea (Urticaceae), including eighteen typifications and a key to the species. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (Botany) 31: 9–25.

Monro, A. K. 2006. The revision of species-rich genera: A phylogenetic framework for the strategic revision of Pilea (Urticaceae) based on cpDNA, nrDNA, and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 426–441.

Monro, A. & M. A. Spencer. 2005. Typification of Linnaean plant names in Urticaceae. Taxon 54: 796–798.

Montejo Valdés, L. A., J. A. Sánchez & B. Muñoz. 2005. Dormancy and germination of Talipariti elatum seeds. Bot. Complutensis 29: 57–62. [Malvaceae, Cuba]

Morgan, E. C. & W. A. Overholt. 2005. New records of invasive exotic plant species in St. Lucie County, Florida. Castanea 70: 59–62.

Müller, K., T. Borsch, L. Legendre, S. Porembski, I. Theisen & W. Barthlott. 2004. Evolution of carnivory in Lentibulariaceae and Lamiales. Pl. Biol. 6: 477–490.

Müller, K. & T. Borsch. 2005. Phylogenetics of Amaranthaceae based on matK/trnK sequence data—Evidence from parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian analyses. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 66–102.

Negrón-Ortiz, V. 2005. Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Erithalis (Rubiaceae: Chiococceae). Sida 21: 1565–1598.

Nesom, G. L. & J. F. Pruski. 2005. Proposal to conserve the name Gnaphalium purpureum (Compositae: Gnaphalieae) with a conserved type. Taxon 54: 1103–1104. [Asteraceae, Gamochaeta purpurea]

Neves, S. S., G. Swire-Clark, K. W. Hilu & W. V. Baird. 2005. Phylogeny of Eleusine (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) based on nuclear ITS and plastid trnT-trnF sequences. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 35: 395–419.

Nooteboom, H. P. 1998. The tropical Magnoliaceae and their classification. Pp. 71–80 in D. Hunt (ed.), Magnolias and their allies. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, U.K., 12–13 April 1996. International Dendrology Society & Magnolia Society, England.

Oldfield, S. 2005. Reserve for endangered Cuban palm. Pl. Talk 39: 13. [Coccothrinax crinita, Arecaceae]

Orchard, A. E. & B. R. Maslin. 2005. The case for conserving Acacia with a new type. Taxon 54: 509–512. [Leguminosae, Mimosoideae]

Oxelman, B., P. Kornall, R. G. Olmstead & B. Bremer. 2005. Further disintegration of Scrophulariaceae. Taxon 54: 411–425.

Pélabon, C., M. L. Carlson, T. F. Hanson & W. S. Armbruster. 2005. Effects of crossing distance on offspring fitness and developmental stability in Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92: 842–851. [Plants in Venezuela]

Peng, Cheng-I, C. L. Schmidt, P. C. Hoch & P. H. Raven. 2005. Systematics and evolution of Ludwigia section Dantia (Onagraceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 307–359.

Penneys, D. S. & W. S. Judd. 2005. A systematic revision and cladistic analysis of Charianthus (Melastomataceae) using morphological and molecular characters. Syst. Bot. 30: 559–584.

Pennington, T. D. 1997. The genus Inga—Botany. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Pennington, T. D. & E. C. M. Fernandes. 1998. The genus Inga—Utilization. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

Percival, M. 1974. Floral ecology of coastal shrub in southeast Jamaica. Biotropica 6: 104–129.

Pérez Martínez, J. M. & M. H. Kuis. 2005. Microbiota del Parque Nacional Viñales, Pinar del Río, Cuba. I. Carbones (Ustilaginomycetes). Revista Mex. Micol. 20: 71–79.

Petrini, L. E. & O. Petrini. 2005. Morphological studies in Rosellinia (Xylariaceae): The first step towards a polyphasic taxonomy. Mycol. Res. 109: 569–580.

Pfeil, B. E., J. A. Schlueter, R. C. Shoemaker & J. J. Doyle. 2005. Placing paleopolypoidy in relation to taxon divergence: A phylogenetic analysis in legumes using 39 genera. Syst. Biol. 54: 441–454. [Leguminosae]

Pimenov, M. G. & M. V. Leonov. 1993. The genera of Umbelliferae. Royal Botanic Gradens: Kew. [Apiaceae]

Pino, J., R. Marbot & C. Vásquez. 20005. Volatile constitutents of genigap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba. Flavour Fragrance J. 20: 583–586. [Rubiaceae]

Pluchon, P. 1985. Le Cercle des philadelphes du Cap-Français à Saint-Domingue: Seule académie coloniale de l’ancien régime. Mondes et Cultures 45: 157–191.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. 2001. Genera Euphorbiacearum. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew. [Euphorbiaceae]

Ramírez, C. A. 1987. Efecto de la carbonización en la contracción de la madera de 5 especies nativas. Comisión Nacional de Politica Energetica, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. 7 pp. + annex.

Randolph, L. R., W. H. Eshbaugh, A. M. Greenberg & M. Burrows. 1998. Home gardens of central Andros. Pp. 99–104 in T. K. Wilson (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas.

Rascio, N. & N. La Rocca. 2005. Resurrection plants: The puzzle of surviving extreme vegetative desiccation. Crit. Rev. Pl. Sci. 24: 209–225.

Reiner-Drehwald, M. E. 2005. On Amphilejeunea and Cryptogynolejeunea, two small genera of Lejeuneaceae (Jungermanniopsida), and two common Neotropical Lejeunea species. Nova Hedwigia 81: 395–411.

Remizowa, M., P. J. Rudall & D. Sokoloff. 2005. Evolutionary transitions among flowers of perianthless Piperales: Inferences from inflorescence and flower development in the anomalous Peperomia fraseri (Piperaceae). Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 925–943.

Rice, K., N. Brokaw & J. Thompson. 2004. Liana abundance in a Puerto Rican forest. Forest Ecol. Managem. 190: 33–41.

Roalson, E. H. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships in the Juncaceae inferred from nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequence data. Internatl. J. Pl. Scit. 166: 397–413.

Roalson, E. H., J. K. Boggan, L. E. Skog & E. A. Zimmer. 2005. Untangling Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). I. Phylogenetic patterns and generic boundaries inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological cladistic datasets. Taxon 54: 389–410. [Phinaea, Bellonia]

Robinson, G. L. & R. P. Wunderlin. 2005. Revision of Fevillea (Cucurbitaceae: Zanonieae). Sida 21: 1971–1996.

Rogers, G. K. 2005. The genera of Rubiaceae in the southeastern United States, Part II. Subfamily Rubioideae, and subfamily Cinchonoideae revisted (Chiococca, Erithalis, and Guettarda). Harvard Pap. Bot. 10: 1–45.

Rohwer, J. G. & B. Rudolph. 2005. Jumping genera: The phylogenetic positions of Cassytha, Hypodaphne, and Neocinnamonum (Lauraceae) based on different analyses of trnK intron sequences. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 153–178.

Roncal, K., F. Francisco-Ortega, C. B. Asmussen & C. E. Lewis. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of tribe Geonomeae (Arecaceae) using nuclear DNA sequences of phosphoribulokinase and RNA polymerace II. Syst. Bot. 30: 275–283.

Roncal, J., S. Zona & C. E. Lewis. 2005. Calyptrogyne plumeriana, a new name for a familiar palm. Palms 49: 149–150. [Calyptronoma plumeriana, Arecaceae]

Saburi, W. Jr., L. Rocha Reato & S. A. Pires de Godoy. 2005. Floral venation patterns in Siphocamplyus (Campanulaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92: 797–801.

Saddle, J. L., S. W. Woodmansee, F. D. Gann & T. V. Armentano. 2005. Rediscovery of Ponthieva brittoniae (Orchidaceae) in Everglades National Park. Sida 21: 1917–1920. [Florida]

Sánchez, C. & M. G. Caluff. 2005. Novelties in Thelypteris subg. Amauropelta (Thelypteridaceae, Pteridophyta) for Cuba. New taxa and new records. Willdenowia 35: 159–165.

Sánchez-Acebo, L. 2005. A phylogenetic study of the New World Cleome (Brassicaceae, Cleomoideae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 92: 179–201.

Sánchez-Azofeifa, G. A., M. Quesada, J. P. Rodríguez, J. M. Nassar, K. E. Stoner, A. Castillo, T. Garvin, E. L. Zent, J. C. Calvo-Alvarado, M. E. R. Kalacska, L. Fajardo, J. A. Gamon & P. Cuevas-Reyes. 2005. Research priorities for Neotropical dry forests. Biotropica 37: 477–485.

Santiago-Valentín, E. 2005. Amos Arthur Heller’s Puerto Rico plant collecting itineraries of 1900 and 1902–1903 and their utility for the historical study of endangered plants. Brittonia 57: 292–294.

Saunders, G. 2002. Slavery and cotton culture in the Bahamas. Pp. 129–151 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Scatena, F. N., S. J. Doherty, H. T. Odum & P. Kharecha. 2002. An energy evaluation of Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Experimental Forest. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-9: 1–79. [Solar energy-based measure of resource contribution and influence on an ecosystem]

Schiebinger, L. 2004. Plants and empire: Colonial bioprospecting in the Atlantic world. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA. [Caribbean, slavery, herbal abortifacients, drug bioprospecting, Caesalpinia pulcherimma, Leguminosae]

Schiebinger, L. & C. Swain (eds.). 2004. Colonial botany: Science, commerce, and politics. University of Pennsylvania Press: Philadelphia, PA.

Schmidt, R. E. & G. K. Brown. 2005. Leaf anatomy in Bromeliaceae subfamily Bromelioideae—I. Historical perspectives. Vidalia 2(2): 11–22.

Schols, P., C. A.Furness, V. Merckx, P. Wilken & E. Smets. 2005. Comparative pollen development in Dioscoreales. Internatl. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 909–924. [Nartehecium, Tacca, Disocorea]

Schols, P., P. Wilkin, C. A. Furness, S. Huysmans & E. Smets. 2005. Pollen evolution in yams (Dioscorea, Dioscoreaceae). Syst. Bot. 30: 750–758.

Shaw, A. J., C. J. Cox & B. Goffinet. 2005. Global patterns of moss diversity: Taxonomic and molecular inferences. Taxon 54: 337–352.

Shaw, S. W., M. S. Barker & R. J. Hickey. 2005. New records for Puerto Rican pteridophytes. Fern Gaz. 17: 97–99.

Shephera, K. A., T. D. MacFarlane & T. D. Colmer. 2005. Morphology, anatomy and histochemistry of Salicornioideae (Chenopodiaceae) fruits and seeds. Ann. Bot. 95: 917–933.

Shepherd, V. A. (ed.). 2002. Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. x + 284 pp.

Shepherd, V. A. & K. E. A. Monteith. 2002. Pen-keepers and coffee farmers in a sugar-plantation society. Pp. 82–101 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Sherman, R. E., P. H. Martin & T. J. Fahey. 2005. Vegetation-environment relationships in forest ecosystems of the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 293–310.

Sipman, H. J. M. & A. Aptroot. 2005. Notes on Mycomicothelia (Arthopyreniaceae s.lat.), with two new species. Lichenologist 37: 307–311. [Puerto Rico]

Smith, S. D. 2002. Coffee and the poorer sort of people: in Jamaica during the period of African enslavement. Pp. 102–128 in V. A. Shepherd (ed.), Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Soejima, A. & J. Wen. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 278–287.

Sotomayor-Ramírez, D., A. Lugo-Ospina & R. Ramos-Santana. 2004. Vegetation influence on soil quality in a highly degraded tropical soil. J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 88: 11–26. [invasive plants, Puerto Rico]

Spary, E. 2000. Utopia’s garden: French natural history from the Old Regime to revolution. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. [Jardin du Roi, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris]

Specht, C. D. 2006. Systematics and evolution of the tropical monocot family Costaceae (Zingiberales): A multiple dataset approach. Syst. Bot. 31: 89–106.

Stone, R. D. 2006. Phylogeny of major lineages in Melastomatacerae, subfamily Olisbeoideae: Utility of nuclear glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapC) gene sequences. Syst. Bot. 31: 107–121. [Mouriri]

Swenson, U. & A. A. Anderberg. 2005. Phylogeny, character evolution, and classification of Sapotaceae. Cladisitics 21: 101–130.

Syring, J., A. Willyard, R. Cronin & A. Liston. 2005. Evolutionary relationships among Pinus (Pinaceae) subsections inferred from multiple low-copy nuclear loci. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 2086–2100.

Szlachetko, D. L., P. Rutkowski & J. Mytnik. 2005. Contributions to the taxonomic revision of the subtribes Spiranthinae, Stenorrhynchidinae and Cyclopogoninae (Orchidaceae) in Mesoamerica and the Antilles. Polish Bot. Stud. 20: 3–387.

Taima, M. A. & C. W. Varela. 2005. Sistema de compatibilidad en la especie distílica Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) R. & S. (Boraginaceae). Interciencia 30: 431–435. [Venezuela]

Taylor, C. M. 2005. Margaritopsis (Rubiaceae, Psychotrieae) in the Neotropics. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 75: 161–177. [Psychotria]

Thien, L. B., S. Kawano, H,. Azuma, S. Latimer, M. S. Devall, S. Rosso, S. Elakovich, V. R. Gray & D. Jobes. 1998. The floral biology of the Magnoliaceae. Pp. 37–58 in D. Hunt (ed.), Magnolias and their allies. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, U.K., 12–13 April 1996. International Dendrology Society & Magnolia Society, England.

Thomas, W. 2005. Flora Neotropica—Mongraphs as inventories. Symb. Bot. Uppsala. 3(3): 187–192.

Thomson, G. 2005. A revision of the genus Melocactus in Curaçao and Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles, with an illustration of the neotype of M. macracanthos. Bradleya 23: 79–96. [Cactaceae]

Thomson, W. 2005. Simple thrills in the Caribbean—Mammillaria mammillaris and Opuntia curassavica in habitat. Brit. Cact. Succul. J. 23: 90–102. [Cactaceae, Curaçao]

Thorbjarnson, J., F. Mazzotti, E. Sanderson, F. Buitrago, M. Lazcano, K. Minkowski, M. Muñiz, P. Ponce, L. Sigler, R. Soberon, A. M. Trelancia & A. Velasco. 2006. Regional habitat conservation priorities for the American crocodile. Biol. Conserv. 128: 25–36.

Thorhaurg, A., A. D. Ricardson & G. P. Berlyn. 2006. Spectral reflectance of Thalassia testudinum (Hydrocharitaceae) seagrass: Low salinity effects. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 110–117. [Florida]

Timonin, A. C. 2005. Cymoid evolution resulting in (closed) thyrse: Talinum Ands. (Portulacaceae) versus Wilhelm Troll. Wulfenia 12: 1–9.

Timyan, J. C. 2001. Ten-year statistical analyses of tree improvement in Haiti and trial management recommendations. Pan American Development Foundation, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. i + 115 pp. http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNADE472.pdf

Timyan, J. C., L. Verret, C. Beliard & Y. Elie. 1996. Five-year results of Senna siamea trials in Haiti. SECID/Auburn University Report 35: i–vii, 1–9. Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama. http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNADE466.pdf [Leguminosae, Caesalpnoideae]

Timyan, J. C., L. Verret, C. Beliard & Y. Elie. 1997. Five-year results of a neem (Azadirachta indica) trial at Roche Blanche, Haiti. SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 39. xii + 13 p. [Meliaceae] http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK425.pdf

Timyan, J. C., L. Verret, C. A. Beliard & Y. Elie. 1997. Evaluation de provenances de Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp. en Haïti. Projet SECID/Auburn PLUS Rapport No. 38. x + 28 pp. [Leguminosae, Papilionoideae] http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK424.pdf

Timyan, J. C., L. Verret, Y. Elie & C. Beliard. 1996. Five year results of the Pinus trial near Kenscoff, Haiti. SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 38. xi + 20 pp. [Pinaceae] http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK423.pdf

Timyan, J. C., Y. Elie, C. A. Beliard & L. Verret. 1997. Haitian oak (Catalpa longissima (Jacq.) Dum. Cours) seed orchards and progeny trials in Haiti: 1988–1996. SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 41. ix + 15 pp. [Bignoniaceae] http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK386.pdf

Timyan, J. C., L. Verret, Y. Elie & C. Beliard. 1997. Mahogany (Swietenia) trials in Haiti: 1989–1996. SECID/Auburn PLUS Report No. 40. xv + 19 pp. [Meliaceae] http://pdf.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACK385.pdf

Tomlinson, P. B., J. B. Fisher, F. Hallé & R. Villalobos. 2005. Development of woody branch attachments in Schefflera (Araliaceae or Apiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1765–1773.

Torres, J. A. 1994. Insects of the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. SO-105: 1–53.

Torres, J. A. & G. González. 2005. Wood decomposition of Cyrilla racemiflora (Cyrillaceae) in Puerto Rican dry and wet forests: A 13-year case study. Biotropica 37: 452–456.

Torres González, A. M. & C. M. Morton. 2005. Molecular and morphological phylogenetic analysis of Brachiaria and Urochloa (Poaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 37: 36–44.

Trejo-Torres. J. C. 2005. A new rare tree species from Puerto Rico, Pisonia taina (Nyctaginaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 10: 117–122.

Truyens, S., M. M. Arbo & J. S. Shore. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships, chromosome and breeding system evolution in Turnera (Turneraceae): Inferences from its sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1749–1758.

Van Bloem, S. J., P. G. Murphy, A. E. Lugo, R. Ostertag, M. Rivera Costa, I. Ruiz Bernard, S. Molina Colón & M. Canals Mora. 2005. The influence of hurricane winds on Caribbean dry forest structure and nutrient pools. Biotropica 37: 571–583.

van der Merwe, M. M., A. E. van Wyk & A. M. Botha. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Eugenia L. (Myrtaceae), with emphasis on southern African taxa. Pl. Syst. Evol. 251: 21–34.

Veloz, A. & J. Salazar. 2001. Ecological aspects and distribution of Juglans jamaicensis C. DC. (Juglandaceae) in the Dominican Republic. Pp. 63–94 in B. I. Ruiz, F. H. Wadsworth, J. M. Miller & A. E. Lugo (eds.), Possibilities and approaches toward community forestry in the Caribbean: Proceedings of the tenth meeting of Caribbean foresters, U.S.D.A. Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry: Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.

Verbruggen, H., O. De Clerck, T. Schils, W. H. C. F. Kooistra & E. Coppejans. 2005. Evolution and phylogeny of Halimeda section Halimeda (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 37: 789–803.

Vidal, J. M. & O. E. Cassado. 2001. Natural regeneration in dry community forests, Azua, Dominican Republic. Pp. 95–99 in B. I. Ruiz, F. H. Wadsworth, J. M. Miller & A. E. Lugo (eds.), Possibilities and approaches toward community forestry in the Caribbean: Proceedings of the tenth meeting of Caribbean foresters, U.S.D.A. Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry: Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.

Vinson, C. C., C. Amaral, I. Sampao & A. Y. Ciampi. 2005. Characterization and isolation of DNA microsatellite primers for the tropical tree, Symphonia globulifera Linn.f. Molec. Ecol. Notes 5: 202–204. [Clusiaceae]

Vroom, P., L. Walters, K. Beach, J. Coyder, J. Smith, M.-J. Argrall, D. Byron, K. DeAngelis, B. Konar, J. Liss, R. Okando, C. Roberts, L. Herren, M. Woo & C. Smith. 2005. Hurricane-induced propagation and rapid regrowth of the weedy brown alga Dictyota in the Florida Keys. Florida Scientist 68: 161–174. [Phaeophyta]

Wadsworth, F. H.. 1997. Forest production for tropical America. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 710: i–xxi, 1–563.

Wadsworth, F. H. 1999. Montane forest management in the insular Caribbean. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-8: 1–29.

Wang, Wen-Tsai & Li Liang-Qian. 2005 A new system of classification of the genus Clematis (Ranunculaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sinica 43: 431–488.

Ward, D. B. 2005. A case of disputed orthography: Is it Echinochloa colona; or is it Echinochloa colonum (Gramineae)? Sida 21: 2171–2183. [Poaceae; correct name E. colonum]

Warren, M. 2005. Orchids in Barbados. Orchid Rev. 113(1262): 86–89. [Orchidaceae]

Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder. 2005. Phylogeny of the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences. Canad. J. Bot. 83: 467–483.

Weaver, P. L. 2002. Urban forestry: Transplanting roadside trees and future considerations. Pp. 122–131 in T. W. Zimmerman (ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth annual Caribbean urban forestry conference: Reflections of the past, visions of the future. University of the Virgin islands, Cooperative Extension Service: St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.

Weaver, P. L. 2005. Major research and international cooperation activities. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 49–53.[West Indian walnut (Juglans jamiacensis, Juglandaceae); Natural regeneration in dry community forests in Dominican Republic; forest thinning in Puerto Rico; Posthurricane effects on vegetation; reforesting urban areas in Puerto Rico; Post-Georges effects on vegetation, Puerto Rico; Growth performance of trees planted in Puerto Rico]

Weaver, P. L. & J. L. Coll Rovera. 2002. Vegetation research at Las Cabezas de San Juan near Fajardo, Puerto Rico. Pp. 83–89 in T. W. Zimmerman (ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth annual Caribbean urban forestry conference: Reflections of the past, visions of the future. University of the Virgin islands, Cooperative Extension Service: St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.

Westra, L. Y. T. & J. Koek-Noorman. 2004. Wood atlas of the Euphorbiaceae s.l. IAWA J. Suppl. 4: 1–10.

Whalen, M. D. 1984. Conspectus of species groups in Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum. Gentes Herb. 12: 179–282.

Whitten, W. M, N. H. Williams, R. L. Dressler, G. Gerlach & F. Pupulin. 2005. Generic relationships of Zygopetalinae (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae): Combined molecular evidence. Lankesteriana 5: 87–107. [Dichaea in West Indies]

Wilbur, R. L. 2005. Systematic notes in the Rubiaceae tribe Spermacoceae. I. The author and the type of the genus Diodella with comment on tribal delimitation. Rhodora 107: 408–413. [Hedyotis, Diodia]

Wilkie, P., A. Clark, R. T. Pennington, M. Cheek, C. Bayer & C. C. Wilcock. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships within the subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) using the chloroplast gene ndhF. Syst. Bot. 31: 160–170.

Wilkin, P., P. Schols, M. W. Chase, K. Chayamarit, C. A. Furness, S. Huysmans, F. Rakotonasolo, E. Smets & C. Tapyai. 2005. A plastid geen phylogeny of the yam genus Dioscorea: Roots, fruits and Madagascar. Syst. Bot. 30: 736–749. [Dioscoreaceae]

Wilson, P. G., M. M. O’Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Pl. Syst. Evol. 251: 3–19.

Wilson, T. K. (ed.). 1998. Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas, June 13–17, 1997. Bahamian Field Station: San Salvador, Bahamas. 140 pp.

Woodmansee, S. W. & J. L. Sadle. 2005. New occurrences of Schizaea pennula Sw. in Florida. Amer. Fern J. 95: 84–85. [Schizaeaceae]

Wortley, A. H., P. J. Rudall, D. J. Harris & R. W. Scotland. 2005. How much data are needed to resolve a difficult phylogeny: Case study in Lamiales. Syst. Boil. 54: 697–709.

Wörz, A. 1999. A taxonomic index of the species of Eryngium L. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A, 596: 1–48. [Apiaceae]

Wörz, A. 2004. Lectotypification of seven taxon names in Eryngium L. (Apiaceae, Saniculoideae). Taxon 53: 166–168.

Wörz, A. 2005. A new subgeneric classification of the genus Eryngium L. (Apiaceae, Saniculoideae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 126: 253–259.

Wujek, D. E. & E. M. Wright. 2005. Scaled chrysophytes from Florida. VIII. Observations on the flora from the southwest. Florida Scientists 68: 133–139. [Chrysophyceae, Synurophyceae]

Wunderle, J. M. Jr. 2005. Wildlife research. In Annual Letter 2001–2002 [International Institute of Tropical Forestry]. U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. IITF-GTR-29: 43–48. [p. 46: Phenology of common tree and vine species that produce fruit consumed by the Puerto Rican parrot.]

Wurdack, K. J., P. Hoffmann & M. W. Chase. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of uniovulate Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) using plastid rbcL and trnL-F DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 1397–1420.

Yee, D. A. & D. T. Tissue. 2005. Relationships between non-structural carbohydrate concentration and flowering in a subtropical herb, Heliconia caribaeae (Heliconiaceae). Carib. J. Sci. 41: 243–249. [Puerto Rico]

Yoo, Mi-Jeong, C. D. Bell, P. S. Soltis & D. E. Soltis. 2005. Divergence times and historical biogeography of Nymphaeales. Syst. Bot. 30: 693–704.

Zerega, N. J., W. L. Clement, S. L. Datwyler & G. B. Weiblen. 2005. Biogeography and divergence times in the mulberry family (Moraceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 37: 402–416.

Zerega, N. J. C., D. Ragone & T. J. Motley. 2005. Systematics and species limits of breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Syst. Bot. 30: 603–615.

Zhang, Li-Bing & M. P. Simmons. 2006. Phylogeny and delimitation of the Celastrales inferred from nuclear and plastid genes. Syst. Bot. 31: 122–137. [Celastraceae]

Zimmer, B. 2005. Report of the Committee for Pteridophyta: 15. taxon 54: 831–832. [Acrositchum ebeneum/Pityrogramma ebenea rejected]

Zotz, G., S. Laube & G. Schmidt. 2005. Long-term population dynamics of the epiphytic bromeliad, Werauhia sanguinolenta. Ecography 28: 806–814. [Bromeliaceae, Vriesea]

Zumbroich, T. J. 2005. The introduction of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum J. Presl) to America. Acta Bot. Venez. 28: 155–160.


Appreciation is expressed to Walter H. Meagher for a generous donation to help cover the costs of printing and mailing of the Flora of the Greater Antilles Newletter No. 21 (2006).

 

The Flora of the Greater Antilles Newsletter is published by The New York Botanical Garden. Edited by Thomas A. Zanoni (tzanoni@nybg.org) and William R. Buck (bbuck@nybg.org).

2006 by The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, U.S.A.

ISSN 1090-4344