No. 5 - January 1994

It's been a long time since the last newsletter. Fortunately it is not an indicator of lack of activity. Quite to the contrary, a lot has happened. Most significantly, the Flora project received its first significant funding, specifically for the project, from The John D. and Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation. The grant permits Cuban botanists to come to The new York Botanical Garden (with side trips to other herbaria) to prepare treatments for the Flora. More details are given below. Also, last summer, in Havana, there was a very successful botanical congress. Also, beginning with this issue Tom Zanoni will continue his bibliography of West Indian botany that he began in Moscosoa . If you have information that you would like conveyed to the participants in the project, please feel free to send it on, either to William R. Buck or Thomas A. Zanoni, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, U.S.A.

MacArthur Grant Brings Cubans to New York

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has funded a program to facilitate the study visits of Cuban botanists to The New York Botanical Garden for one year, beginning in the fall of 1993. The grant covers the travel, lodging, and food expenses for three groups of four botanists who will spend three months at New York Botanical garden each using the herbarium and the library in their work on preparation of manuscripts for the Flora of the Greater Antilles. Provision is made for time at the herbaria of Harvard University and the Smithsonian Institution, so that the botanists will be able to consult the specimens at the three institutions with the largest West Indian collections in the United States.

The first group is now in New York. They are Maira Fernández (Rubiaceae, HAC), Rosalina Berazaín (Ericales, HAJB), Carlos Sánchez (Hymenophyllaceae, HAJB), and Augusto Comas (Chlorococcales, Jardín Botánico de Cienfuegos). They arrived in mid-November and will be in New York until mid-February. A separate office has been renovated and set aside for the Cuba botanists. Their direct dial phone number at the office is 718-817-8642. The next group is scheduled to arrive at the beginning of March. They will be Deisi Reyes (Hepaticae, ACC-Santiago de Cuba), Armando Urquiola (Xyridales, Inst. Sup. Ped. Pinar del Río), Jorge Ferro (Orchidaceae, ACC-Pinar del Río), and Marta Díaz (Orchidaceae, HAJB).

The grant is flexible enough that if any of the botanists wishes to visit herbaria other than US or GH/FH, this is possible. For example, Rosalina Berazaín intends to visit FLAS, and Augusto Comas intends to visit several Puerto Rican herbaria.

Meeting of Flora of the Greater Antilles, June 1993

Toward the end of the IV Simposio de Botánica, held in Havana at the end of June 1993, a meeting was convened of those interested in the Flora of the Greater Antilles. At that time we were able to announce the aforementioned grant from the MacArthur Foundation. There were also extensive discussions on how those in the United States could aid those in Cuba and the Dominican Republic prepare their treatments. The meeting was near the end of a very successful meeting. Hundreds of botanists were in attendance at the symposium, with especially large delegations from Mexico and Brazil, as will as from Cuba.

Herbaria of Olof Swartz and Erik L. Ekman at Stockholm (S)

Bertil Nordenstam, Roger Lundin & Thomas A. Zanoni

The Swedish Museum of Natural History's Regnellian Herbarium (part of S) is the home of two highly important collections of Caribbean plants, the herbaria of Olof Swartz and Erik L. Ekman. The Swartz herbarium was acquired by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences after the death of Swartz in 1818. It formed part of the collections which in 1819 became the Swedish Museum of Natural History. The Swartz herbarium included most of his personal collections. Swartz collected on the islands of Jamaica (specimens of there form the principal part of his Caribbean material), and Haiti (marked Hispaniola). He also visited Cuba and some smaller islands. On returning to Europe in 1786, he stopped in London to work in the herbarium of Joseph Banks (now in BN). During the time in London, Swartz studied other important Caribbean specimens and consulted Solander's unpublished ''Florula Indiae Occidentalis''. Swartz' ''Prodromus'' (1788) and the ''Flora Indiae Occidentalis'' (1797-1806) were the principal works resulting from the exploration and study of specimens. The Swartz herbarium in Stockholm forms the base for interpretation of Swartz' new taxa. Many of the type specimens are located there. Others are found in the herbarium of the Bergius Foundation (SBT) in Stockholm. Also, during the stay in London, Swartz gave Caribbean specimens to Banks, so that duplicates or even some originals, in some cases where only unicates existed, are in BM now.

In 1990, Bertil Nordenstam (S) and Thomas Zanoni (then of JBSD) initiated the Herbarium Swartz Project, pulling together the Swartz Project, pulling together the Swartz specimens at S and forming a type register of all taxa from the Caribbean published by Swartz or his successor J.E. Wikström. By early 1992, the types and other specimens marked as once belonging to Herb. Swartz have been set aside in a special part of the Regnellian Herbarium. Also set aside were Caribbean specimens of other collectors and worked on by Swartz (or Wikström), such as Forrström, Euphrasén, Freyseiss, West, and Ryan. Swartz had access to Caribbean specimens in other contemporary herbaria and these were undoubtedly influential in his studies. Montin's herbarium, particularly, contained specimens of Caribbean and South American taxa received from Joseph Banks in the late 1770's. Swartz himself freely gave away specimens to his compatriots, so that duplicates of Swartz' specimens are found in several herbaria, most of which are now in S.

The catalog of the herbarium of the Bergius Foundation (SBT) has been checked for Swartz specimens and the information integrated into the data base. A search of Herb. Banks at BM was made to locate types not found at S and SBT. The ''Flora of Jamaica'' by Fawcett and Rendle also provided information about Swartz' specimens (types and non-types) at BM. The French botanist L'Héritier, who was at Banks' herbarium during Swartz' visit, also received specimens from him. These specimens, now at Genève (G) will be examined for incorporation of data into the study. The expected results of the project are the history and bibliography of Swartz' Caribbean work, a type register of Swartz' taxa and taxa based on Swartz' specimens, and publication of a selection of the unpublished illustrations once intended for the continuation of Swartz' ''Icones Plantarum Incognitarum''. Attention is given to the project because we now have the principal registry in draft form and can help investigators locate types of almost all the Caribbean taxa.

Roger Lundin (S) and Thomas Zanoni (then of JBSD) began in 1990 a botanical biographical and bibliographical project of the Swedish plant collector Erik Leonard Ekman, who collected in Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) from 1914 until his death in 1931. A manuscript on Ekman in Hispaniola (1914, and 1924-1931) is in the final stage of editing for publication. Included will be the detailed itinerary on the island and maps to indicate locations visited by Ekman. The Caribbean plant specialist Ignatz Urban of Berlin (B) studied the Ekman specimens by special arrangement with Stockholm (S). Under the agreement, Urban was to identify and publish on the work of Ekman. The principal (full) set of vascular and non-vascular plants was to be returned to Stockholm. The Ekman Caribbean collection numbered over 35,000, and with duplicates totaling over 150,000 specimens. Stockholm S) should have a specimen of each number, sometimes there are even duplicates. Obviously, Urban returned the original specimens to Stockholm in accordance with the agreement, since many Ekman sheets are annotated as types in Urban's handwriting. Urban could keep one duplicate of the material upon which any of his and Ekman's publications were based. Berlin once reported about 24,000 Ekman numbers (including his South American specimens from his earlier years). Almost all the Berlin specimens were lost in 1944, in the nearly complete destruction of the herbarium there. However, original material, some times even the holotypes, probably still exists in Stockholm in most cases. It is important for taxonomists working on the Caribbean flora to contact S in their search for original Ekman specimens. We have noted in Flora Neotropica and other monographs, that Ekman's Caribbean specimens, especially types, are frequently cited from herbaria other than the principal Ekman herbarium at S, and sometimes are even stated to be lost at B. without citing the extant specimens from S! Some times S even has two type specimens, one which may have annotations by Urban, neither of which has been cited! Attention is drawn to the need to consult the ''premier'' collection of Ekman's Caribbean plants at Stockholm for types of names by Urban, Urban and Ekman, and Urban's collaborators at Berlin.

BHU transferred to B

The herbarium BHU from the Humboldt University of Berlin was transferred in 1993 to the Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem B. The collection includes about 23,000 specimens from the Flora of Cuba Project (a joint project of Humboldt University and Cuban institutions). Requests for loans should now be sent to B.

Corrections to Guide for Contributors
Flora of the Greater Antilles (FGA Newsletter 4:2-7)

Geographical and Political Divisions used in the Flora of the Greater Antilles (pp. 6 & 7):


Haiti : Departments

Dominican Republic :
Administrative Divisions

La Altagracia (11)
Azua (20)
Baoruco (27)
Barahona (29)
Dajabón (12)
Duarte (6)
Elias Piña (18)
Espaillat (4)
Hato Mayor (9)
Independencia (28)
María Trinidad Sánchez (7)
Monseñor Nouel (22)
Monte Cristi (1)
Monte Plata (17)
National District (24)
Pedernales (30)
Peravia (21)
Puerto Plata (3)
La Romana (26)
Salcedo (5)
Samaná (8)
San Cristóbal (23)
Sánchez Ramírez (16)
San Juan (19)
San Pedro de Macorís (25)
Santiago (14)
Santiago Rodríguez (13)
El Seibo (10)
Valverde (2)
La Vega (15)

Maps taken from :

Haggerty, R.A. (ed.) 1991. Dominican Republic and Haiti: Country studies, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. United States Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C.

Request from the Artist

Bobbi Angell, artist at The New York Botanical Garden, will be preparing the botanical illustrations for many of the families of the Flora of the Greater Antilles. She has asked that those who collect in the field should make liquid-preserved (in FAA) sample of flowers, fruits and leaves as well as a dried herbarium specimen to help her in the dissection of the material for illustration. The liquid and dried specimens should be clearly marked for her attention when they are sent to Bill Buck or Tom Zanoni at The New York Botanical Garden.

National parks opened in Jamaica

The John Crow and Blue Mountains National Park, the first terrestrial national natural park in Jamaica, was inaugurated in 1993. The park covers 200,000 acres in the John Crow and Blue Mountains in eastern Jamaica. The area reaches 2450 m elevation. In 1992, the first marine national park, Montego Bay Park, in northwestern Jamaica, was inaugurated. Collectors should contact the National Park System about exploration and collecting within the new national parks. The Natural Resources and Conservation Department, Kingston, Jamaica, can be reached at tel. (909) 923-5166.

Communications with Cuba

There are two ways to make phone calls to Cuba from the United States. AT&T has a service for the hours of 21:00-23:00. To use the service, the caller in the U.S. must call ahead on 700-460-1000 to make an appointment for the call to be make.

Rapi-tel (P.O. Box 475, Succ. M, Montreal, Québec, Canada H1V 3M5 also will connect you with Cuba. Call 514-529-3484 to talk to Rapi-tel's operator. She will need the number that you want to call in Cuba, then try to get through, and call you back to give you the connection. Rapi-tel's rates are US$15.00 for the first three minutes, and US$3.00 for each additional minute, with a ten minute maximum per a call. Billings from Rapi-tel are mailed to you.

RARE Center for Tropical Conservation (1616 Walnut Street, Suite 911, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103 (FAX 215-735-3515) sends DHL packets to Cuba each Friday. They will receive FAXes and letters to send on to scientists in Cuba. The FAX message should be sent to RARE's number, the coversheet should be directed to RARE asking them to forward the attached message (second sheet) which should be addressed (as in a letter) to the person in Cuba. Letters in envelopes can also be sent to RARE. The outer envelope should be addressed to RARE. The inner envelope to be forwarded to Cuba should have the correct address (and phone number, if available) of the person in Cuba. Packages are currently not accepted by RARE for forwarding to Cuba.

Bibliography of Caribbean Botany. 5.

Thomas A. Zanoni

This is the fifth part of a bibliographic series on Caribbean plants and plant taxonomy. The first four parts were titled ''Bibliografía botánica del Caribe'' and were published in Moscosoa vols. 2-7 (1986-1993). The current English-titled series also incorporates the ''Bibliografía de la flora y de la vegetación de la Isla Española'', that was also published in Moscosoa.

Authors are requested to send copies of their publications to the editor of the Bibliography for inclusion in future parts of the series. Send the publications to :

T. Zanoni
New York Botanical Garden
Bronx, New York 10458-5126, U.S.A.

(Publications not verified are indicated with a ''*'' preceding the authors names.)


Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 1993. Additions to the flora of Saint John, United States Virgin Islands. Brittonia 45: 130-137.

Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 1993. Systematics of
Serjania (Sapindaceae). Prt 1. A revision of Serjania sect. Platycoccus. mem. New York Bot. Gard. 67: 1-93.

Ackerman, J.D. & M. del Castillo Mayda. 1992. The orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Las orquídeas de Puerto Rico y las Islas Vírgenes. University of Puerto Rico Press : San Juan. xvi, 168 pp.

Ackerman, J.D. & E. Hagsater. 1992.
Epidendrum antillanum, a new name for a species from the Antilles. Orquídea (México) 12: 225-229.

Ackerman, J.D., J.A. Rodríguez-Robles, & E.J. Meléendez. 1992. A meager nectar offering by an epiphytic orchid is better than nothing. Amer. J. Bot. 79(6, Suppl.): 58. [Abstract]

Albert Puentes, D., A. López Almirall, & M. Roundá. 1993. Observaciones fenológicas en árboles tropicales. Consideraciones metodológicas. Fontqueria 36: 257-263.

Albert Puentes, D., J., Hernández, A. López Almirall, & M. Duarte Rivas. 1993. Comportamento floral y fenología de la familia Meliaceae en Cuba. Fontqueria 36: 381-390.

Almeida, V.M.M. 1989. Contribuciones a la revisión del género
Micrasterias (Desmidiaceae: Chlorophyta) en Cuba. Acta Bot. Cubana 77: 1-8.

Almeida, V.M.M. 1989. Desmidiacéas filamentosas (Chlorophyta) de la Isla de la Jeventud y Pinar del Río, Cuba. Acta Bot. Cubana 84: 1-7.

Almeida, V.M.M. 1989. Géneros de Desmidiaceae (Chlorophyta) de Isla de la Juventud y Pinar del Río. Acta Bot. Cubana 75: 1-9.

Almirall, A.L., E.P. Rojas & L.C. Guerra. 1989. El endemismo de la familia Poaceae enCuba. Acta Bot. Cubana 82: 1-5.

Alvarez, J. & M.R. Willig. 1993. Effects of treefall on the density of land snails in the Luquillo Experimental Forest of Puerto Rico. Biotropica 25: 100-110.

Andersson, L. 1992. A provisional checklist of Neotropical Rubiaceae. Scripta Bot. Belg. 1: 1-199.

Andersson, L. 1993. Pollen characteristics of the tribe Calycophyllea, Cinchoneae, and Hillieae (Rubiaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 13: 405-417.

Andrews, E.G. 1993. Autopolyploidy in Pleiopeltis astrolepis (Liebm.) Fourn. Polypodiaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 80(6, Suppl.): 106 [Abstract].

Andrews, E.G. & C. H. Haufler. 1993. Unexpectedly high level of genetic diversity within the epiphytic fern genus Pleiopeltis (Polypodiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80(6, Suppl.): 107. [Abstract].

Anon. 1993. IV Simposio de Botánica. Programa y resumenes. 22-26 junio 1993. Palacio de las Convenciones y ESPOCUBA: La Habana, Cuba. 363 pp.

Antesberger, H. 1991. Melocactus laui, a new species from Aruba, Netherlands Antilles. Cact. Succ. J. 63: 241-243.

Aponte, N.E. & D.L. Ballantine. 1992. The life history in culture of Plenosporium caribaeun (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Caribbean. Cryptog. Algol. 13: 15-24.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1992. Pereskia marcanoi, a new species of Cactaceae from Hispaniola. Brittonia 44: 423-428.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1993. A new species of Melocactus (Cactaceae) from central Cuba. Phytologia 74: 421-427.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1993. Leptocereus carinatus (Cactaceae): Una nueva especie de la isla de Cuba. Moscosoa 7: 243-248.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1993. Leptocereus scopulophilus (Cactaceae), a new species from western Cuba. Brittonia 45: 226-230.

Axelrod, F. & C.M. Taylor. 1993. Cuatro registros nuevos para la flora adventicia de Puerto Rico. Caribb. J. Sci. 29: 125-126.

Aybar, C. & R. Narpier. 1992. Estudio sobre las cualidades nutritativas del
Psathyrella spadiceo-gricea (yon-yon). Indotécnica [Inst. Dominicano Técn. Industr.] 5(1): 27-31.

Balátová-Tulácková, E. & R. Capote. 1992. Contribution to the knowledge of the savanna and forb-rich communities of Pinar del Río Province, Cuba. Folio Geobot. Phytotax. 27: 337-356.

Barreto Valdés, A. 1992. Consideraciones taxonómicas sobre Caesalpinia myabensis (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae) y especies afines. Acta Bot. Cubana 89: 1-11, Tablas 1-3.

Basnet, K. 1992. Effect of topography on the pattern of trees in tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsa) dominated rain forest of Puerto Rico. Biotropica 24: 31-42.

Basnet, K. 1992[1993]. An experimental study of the slope stability of the rain forest in Puerto Rico. Trop. Ecol. 33: 181-185.

Basnet, K., G.E. Likens, F.N. Scatena & A.E. Lugo. 1992. Hurricane Hugo: damage to a tropical rain forest in Puerto Rico. J. Trop. Ecol. 8: 47-55.

Basnet, K., F.N. Scatena, G.E. Likens & A.E. Lugo. 1993. Ecological consequences of root grafting in tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsa) trees in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Biotropica 25: 28-35.

Beauduceau, B. 1992. À propos du Leiochilus de Guadeloupe. Orchidophile 1000: 50-54.

Bellingham, P.J. 1991. Landforms influence patterns of hurricane damage-evidence from Jamaican montane forests. Biotropica 23: 427-433.

Berazaín Iturralde, R. 1990. Analyse de la diversité des échantillons de deux Lyonia (Éricacées) endémiques de Cuba, distribués dans le monde, sous un même numéro, à partir des récoltes de Ch. Wright. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 137, Lettres Bot. (4/5): 305-310.

Berazaín Iturralde, R. 1991 [1993]. Revisión del généro Vaccinium L. en Las Antillas. Revista Jard. Bot. Nac. (La Habana, Cuba) 12: 3-14.

Berazaín Iturralde, R. 1992. Flora de la República de Cuba. Clethraceae. Fontqueria 35: 11-18.

Berazaín Iturralde, R. 1992. Flora de la República de Cuba. Ericaceae. Fontqueria 35: 19-80.

Beurton, C. 1993. Kritische Anmerkungen zur Behandlung von Vertretern de Gattung Zanthoxylum L. s.l. in A. Borhidis ''Phytogeography and vegetation Ecology in Cuba.'' Feddes Repert. 104: 307-308.

Blanco, P., R. Morales, R. Oviedo, & M.A. Puig-Samper. 1993. Plantas cubanas y documentos de la Ossa en el Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Fontqueria 36: 117-146.

Bogner, J. & D.H. Nicolson. 1991. A revised classification of Araceae with dichotomous keys. Willdenowia 21: 35-50.

Boldo, B. & J. Estévez. 1990. Descriptiones diversorum generum specierumque insulae Cubae plantarum quas Regia Guantanamensis Legatio inspexit. Fontqueria 29: 19-176.

Bolick, M.R. 1991. Systematics of Salmea DC (Compositae: Heliantheae). Syst. Bot. 16: 462-477.

Bonnemains, J., C. Figereau, A.-M. Habert, & C. de Laguerenne. 1989. Flore des Antilles Dessinée par Étienne Denise en 1814. Bull. Trimestriel Soc. Géol. Normandie Amis Mus. 76(4): 9-37. [Reprinted as a separate in 1990.]

Braun, P. 1991. Kakteen auf der ''Varadero-'' Halbinsel (Kuba). Kakt. Sukkul. 42: 273-275.

Brokaw, N.V.L. & L.R. Walker. 1991. Summary of the effects of Caribbean hurricanes on vegetation. Biotropica 23: 442-447.

Brollo, M.E. & A.C. Vegetti. 1993. Typological interpretation of the inflorescence in Macroptilium (Fabaceae). Flora (Jena) 188: 41-47.

Brubaker, C.L., J.A. Koontz, &J.F. Wendel. 1993. Bidirectional cytoplasmic and nuclear introgression in the New World cottons, Gossypium barbadense and G. hirsutum (Malvaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80: 1203-1208.

Brücher, H. 1989. Useful plants of Neotropical origin and their wild relatives. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Germany. x, 1-296.

*Brussell, D.E. 1991. Potions, poisons, and panaceas: an ethnobotanical study of Montserrat. Southern Illinois University: Carbondale, Illinois.

Bucher, K.E. & J.N. Norris. 1992. A new deep-water red alga, Titanophora submarina sp. nov. (Gymnophloeaceae, Gigartinales) from the Caribbean Sea. Phycologia 31: 180-191.

Bunce, H.W.F. & J.A. McLean. 1990. Hurricane Gilbert's impact on the natural forests and Pinus caribaea plantations of Jamaica. Commonw. Forestry Rev. 69: 147-155.

Calvo, R.N. 1993. Evolutionary demography of orchids: intensity and frequency of pollination and the cost of fruiting. Ecology 74: 1033-1042.

Campbell, D.G., K.S. Lowell & M.E. Lightbourn. 1991. The effect of introduced hutias (Geocapromys ingrahami) on the woody vegetation of Little Wax Cay, Bahamas. Conserv. Biol. 5: 536-541.

Capote, R., R. Berazaín, & A. Leiva. 1992. Flora and vegetation, pp. 26-36 in K. Hammer, M. Esquivel, & H. Knüpffer (eds.).

Cárdenas Alvaréz, A. & Herrera Oliver. 1991. Catálogo de las colecciones históricas y de tipos del herbario de la Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. Editorial Academia: La Habana, Cuba. 360 pp.

Cejas, F. & P. Echevarria. 1989. Ocurrencia de ''rabos de zorro'' en pruebas de procedencias de
Pinus tropicalis. Acta Bot. Cubana 78: 1-10.

Centre de Recherches Sociales et de Diffusion Populaire. 1991. Haïti, terre délabrée. Ed. 2. Centre de Recherches Sociales et de Diffusion Populaire (Pétio-Ville, Haïti) Dossier 2: 1-156.

Chalet, J.-M. 1991.
Melocactus communis Lk. et O.: Une aventure à l'île de la Désirade. Succulentes 1991(4): 7-10.

Chengxia, Y. & W.H. Petty. 1991. Effects of Hurricane Hugo on Manilkara bidentata, a primary tree species in the Luquillo Experimental Forest of Puerto Rico. Biotropica 23: 400-406.

Cintrón-Molero, G. & Y. Schaeffer-Novelli. 1992. Ecology and management of New World mangroves, pp. 233-251
in U. Seeliger (ed.), Coastal plant communities of Latin America, Academic Press, Inc.: San Diego, California.

Coxson, D.S., D.D. McIntyre & H.J. Vogel. 1992. Pulse release of sugars and polyols from canopy bryophytes in tropical montane rain forest (Guadeloupe, French West Indies). Biotropica 24: 121-133.

Dallmeier, F., M. Kabel, C.M. Taylor, C.B. Romano, R. Rice, J.C. Mayne. 1991. User's guide to the Bisley Biodiversity Plots, Luquillo Biosphere Reserve-Puerto Rico. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution: Washington, D.C.

Dallmeier, F., M. Kabel, C.M. Taylor, C.B. Romano, R. Rice & J.C. Mayne. 1991. Field guide to the Bisley Biodiversity Plots, Luquillo Biosphere Reserve, Puerto Rico. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution: Washington, D.C.

Darrow, W.K. & T.A. Zanoni. 1993. El pino de La Española (
Pinus occidentalis Swartz): Un pino subtropical poco conocido de potencial económico. Moscosoa 7: 15-37.

DeFoucault, B. 1991. Nouvelles considérations sur la végétation de la Guadeloupe (Antilles Françaises). Phytocoenologia 19: 445-478.

Delgadillo, M.C. 1993. The Antillean arc and the distribution of neotropical mosses. Trop. Bryol. 7: 7-12.

Diesel, R. 1991. A Jamaican specialty: the bromeliad crab. Jamaican Naturalist 1: 7-9.

Dieter, H. 1992. Floristische und taxonomische Notizen zu den Orchideen Cubas 8. Beitr. Phytotax. 15: 111-12.

Dieter, H., 1992. Orchidaceae cubanae novae VII.
Epidendrum secundum Jacq. ssp. briegeri H. Dietrich. Beitr. Phytotax. 15: 123-126.

Dilcher, D.L., P.S. Herendeen, & F. Hueber. 1992. Fossil
Acacia flowers with attached anther glands from the Dominican Republic, pp. 33-42, in P.W. Herendeen & D.L. Dilcher (eds.), Advances in legume systematics. Part 4. The fossil record. Royal botanic Gardens: Kew, England.

Dod, D.D. 1993. El género
Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) de La Española: Introducción y clave. Moscosoa 7: 167-170.

Dod, D.D. 1993. Orquídeas (Orchidaceae) nuevas para la ciencia y endémicas de La Española. III. Moscosoa 7: 157-165.

Dod, D.D. 1993. Orquídeas (Orchidaceae) nuevas para la Española y otras notas. VIII. Moscosoa 7: 153-155.

Donner, W. 1980. Haiti: Naturraumpotential und Entwicklung. Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde, Hamburg. Schreftenreihe Inst. Iberoamerika-Kunde 30: 1-365. Horst Erdmann Verlag: Tübingen.

Duarte Rivas, M., D. Albert Puentes, & J. Hernández. 1993. Análisis fenológico de
Hibiscus elatus Sw. en el Parque Metropolitano de La Habana. Fontqueria 36: 391-398.

Ducrey, M. 1992. Variations de la morphologie soliaire et branchaison de quelques espèces de la forêt tropicale humide de Guadeloupe en conditions semi-contrôlées d'éclairement. Ann. Sci. Forest. 49: 553-570.

Echevarría Cruz, R., I. Baró Oviedo, M. Pérez Martínez, P.P. Herrera Oliver, & A. Menéndez García. 1993. la carpoteca del herbario HAC (La Habana, Cuba). Fontqueria 36: 231-244.

Edwards, M.J. & D. Dunn. 1991. The forest of Dominica. Revised edition. Dominican Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Division, Environmental Education Unit: Dominica. 14 pp.

Eggli, U. & N. Taylor. 1991. List of Cactaceae names from Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum (1950-1990). Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum, Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew, England. 222 pp.

Ehlers, R. 1992.
Tillandsia laui, an additional collection. J. Bromeliad Soc. 42: 74, 75.

Elliott, N.B. 1987. Hemiptera associated with several Bahamian shrubs. Proc. Symp. Bot. Bahamas 2: 1-5.

Enda-caribe & Prosain. 1990. Manual para el uso de plantas medicinales: Plantas usadas contra la diarrea. Enda-caribe & Prosain (Proyecto de Salud Integral): Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. 31 pp.

Enda-caribe & Prosain. 1992. Manual para el uso de plantas medicinales: Plantas usadas contra la gripe, tos y pecho apretado. Enda-caribe & Prosain (Proyecto de Salud Integral): Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. 32 pp.

Eshbaugh, W.H. 1987. Plant-ant relationships and interactions:
Tillandsia and Crematogaster. Proc. Symp. Bot. Bahamas 2: 7-11.

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Sheridan, R.P. 1992. Nitrogen fixation by epicaulous cyanobacteria in the Pointe de la Saline mangrove community, guadeloupe, French West Indies. Biotropica 24: 571-574.

Shoffeitt, D.H. & T.K. Wilson. 1987. The floral morphologyand pollination biology of three species of Bahamian Malpighiaceae. Proc. Symp. Bot. Bahamas 2: 37-43.

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Smith, A.H. & F. Berkes. 1993. Community-based use of mangrove resources in St.Lucia. Internatl. J. Environ. Stud. 43: 123-131.

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Caribbean biodiversity symposium

Assessing the Quantity and Distribution of Caribbean Biodiversity
: A symposium on surveys and inventories of Caribbean biodiversity will be held in conjunction with the 3rd Symposium on Zoology in Havana, cuba, from June 21 to 24, 1994.

Although the symposium is associated with a zoological meeting, botanical topics will be welcomed in this special session that will address general biodiversity issues. papers may be presented in Spanish or English.

In order to receive further information contact: Lic. Luis Hernández, National Museum of Natural History of Cuba, c/o Michael L. Smith, Center for Marine Conservation, 1725 DeSales Street, NW, Washington, DC 10036, 202-429-5609.

The Flora of the Greater Antilles Newsletter is edited and published by The New York Botanical Garden. News and articles for consideration for inclusion in the Newsletter should be sent to:

William R. Buck or Thomas A. Zanoni
New York Botanical Garden
Bronx, New York 10458-5126
Tel. 718-817-8624
Fax 718-562-6780
E-mail bbuck@nybg.org