The main purpose of this project is to document the species of fungi and plants found in central French Guiana. The first part of the Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana, which includes the ferns and their allies, the single known gymnosperm, and the monocotyledons, has been published in the Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 76(1): 1-422 and is available for sale from The New York Botanical Garden Press for $50.00. The second part of this Guide, the dicotyledons, has been submitted for publication. Our long-term goal is to prepare and maintain electronic and hardcopy guides and checklists of the fungi, lichens, mosses, liverworts, and vascular plants of central French Guiana. As we progress, specimen databases, similar to the flowering plant database already online, will be made available electronically.
The ultimate goal of our project is to provide the fungal and plant inventories needed for understanding the evolution and ecological relationships of the fungi, plants, and animals that inhabit this, one of the last tropical wilderness areas of the world. Pteridophytes, although included in the Guide, are not documented in this database. Specimens vouchering the pteridophytes are found in the Aublet database maintained by IRD-Cayenne. We hope that the information we provide will supply the data needed to convince local authorities to protect central French Guiana in biological reserves large enough to ensure the continuance of this magnificent ecosystem.
The description of the project is based on our effort to document the vascular plants of central French Guiana, but applies to all other groups of fungi and plants. The goal of the Guide is threefold. In the first place, it serves as an aid for the identification of the majority of native and naturalized vascular plants in central French Guiana. In the second place, it helps in the recognition of plant families and genera within lowland forests throughout most of northeastern South America. This is possible because many of the same families and genera of plants found in this flora also occur throughout the lowland Guayana floristic province of northeastern South America. Finally, the Guide provides a glossary of the terminology used for describing the plants of the lowland forests of the Neotropics.
The area of the Guide, located in the geographic center of French Guiana, is at the headwaters of three of French Guiana's major river systems: the Mana River to the NW of Saül, the Approuague River along with its main tributary, the Arataye, receiving waters from smaller streams to the NE, E, and SE of Saül, and the Lawa/Maroni River with its tributary, the Inini, receiving waters from smaller tributaries arising to the south and west of Saül. Species restricted to vegetation along wider expanses of these larger rivers (Mana, Arataye, and Inini), however, are not included in this guide because no large rivers or lakes occur within the confines of this guide. Nevertheless, streams and small rivers are numerous.
Botanical exploration of this area began in 1965 through the efforts of the Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique d'Outre-Mer (ORSTOM) which is now named the Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération (IRD). Plant collecting has been centered on the nearly 100 kilometers of trails in the immediate vicinity of the village of Saül. The area most thoroughly covered by the Guide includes the trails to Mont Galbao, to Limonade Creek, between the Mont Galbao and Limonade Creek trails, around Mont Boeuf-Mort, from Saül along the Route de Bélizon to the vicinity of Eaux Claires and on to the St. Eloi River, the Sentier Botanique immediately to the east of Eaux Claires, around La Fumée Mountain circuit, to Carbet Maïs (including Pic Matécho), and to Roche Bateau.
The list of species included in the Guide has been derived from the larger Aublet Database maintained by IRD. All collections gathered between 3°30' and 3°45' N latitudes (to the south of and excluding Certitude) and 53° and 53°28' W longitudes (just to the west of and including Monts Belvedere) are included in the Guide. This area forms a rectangle covering approximately 15' latitude (ca. 27.5 km) and 28' longitude (ca. 51 km). Although these limits extend slightly beyond the area of extensive botanical exploration, the Guide should provide considerable help in identifying plants within this 1,402.5 square kilometer (140,250 hectare) area. However, the closer one is to the ORSTOM trail system surrounding Saül, the greater the chance that an encountered species will be included in the Guide.