Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Records (RG5)

Archives, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
The New York Botanical Garden
200th Street and Kazimiroff Boulevard
Bronx, New York 10458-5126
Phone: 718-817-8604

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Collectors: Dodge, Bernard Ogilvie, 1872-1960.
Title: Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Records (RG5)
Dates: 1901-1957
Dates: bulk, 1928-1957
Quantity: 25.3 linear feet; 24 boxes
Call Phrase: Dodge (RG5)

Biography of Bernard Ogilvie Dodge

Bernard Ogilvie Dodge (1872-1960) was a mycologist whose study of the common bread mold Neurospora significantly advanced the science of genetics and biochemical genetics in the twentieth century. Dodge was born 18 April 1872 in Mauston, Wisconsin. He received his bachelor’s degree at the University of Wisconsin (1909) and Ph.D. in botany and physics at Columbia University (1912) where he was a research fellow in field botany. He continued at Columbia as Instructor in Botany until 1920 when he joined the Bureau of Plant Industry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC as a plant pathologist. His early studies of reproduction in microscopic fungi of the family Ascobolaceae, fungal parasites of fruit, and rusts of trees led in important findings in the development of plant disease control.

In 1928 the New York Botanical Garden appointed Dodge plant pathologist, a position which he retained until his retirement in 1947. During this time he was also a consultant in mycology for the Presbyterian Hospital and a lecturer in dermatology for the College of Physicians and Surgeons, both in New York City. Dr. Dodge continued as plant pathologist emeritus and consultant in mycology until 1957. While his official duties involved the control of plant diseases and insect pests, he assiduously pursued research on Neurospora, often on his own time and with limited resources.

Dodge began systematic investigation into the life history, cytology, and genetics of microscopic molds in the genus Neurospora (formerly Monilia) in 1927 on which he published 42 scientific papers. He identified three species (N. crassa, N. sitophila, and N. tetrasperma) and demonstrated regularities in the Mendelian nature of inheritance in this fungus that made it a critical tool in many research applications. Dodge’s findings on Neurospora and his association with George Beadle and Edward Tatum led to the latter receiving the Nobel Prize in 1958 for demonstrating the role of genes in biochemical processes. Dodge also discovered that the ascospores of Neurospora would germinate after being heated, and he developed techniques of crossing this organism to establish the ascospores in culture, important for studies of mutation.

Dodge published 162 scientific papers; with Harold W. Rickett he published Diseases and Pests of Ornamental Plants (1943). He served as associate editor of Mycologia (1923-32), editor (1932-40) of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club and vice-president (1934) and president (1935) of the Mycological Society of America. He was convener of the section on fungi and fungus diseases of the 3rd International Microbiological Congress (1939) and vice-president of the 7th International Botanical Congress in Stockholm (1950). His participation in scientific and botanical organizations included National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an honorary membership of the British Mycological Society. The NYBG presented Dodge its Distinguished Service award in 1951. He died in New York City 9 August 1960.

Scope and Content

The Bernard Ogilvie Dodge collection consists of correspondence; research, business, and personal papers; manuscripts and typescripts; and graphic material such as photographs, diagrams, charts, lantern slides, and watercolor illustrations pertaining to his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1924-28), the NYBG (1928-47), and post-retirement work to 1957.


The collection is organized into eight series:
Series 1: Correspondence. 1909-1957. Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically.
Series 2: Research Papers. 1912-1953. Arranged chronologically.
Series 3: Manuscripts & Typescripts. 1924-1947. Arranged by subject.
Series 4: Photographs & Diagrams. 1928-1953. Arranged by subject.
Series 5: Lantern Slides. 1928-1947. Arranged by subject.
Series 6: Artwork. 1928-1947. Arranged by subject.
Series 7: Business Records. 1939-1944. Arranged chronologically.
Series 8: Personal Papers. 1901-1950. Arranged by subject.


Access restrictions

This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Beadle, George Wells, 1903-
Dodge, Bernard Ogilvie, 1872-1960 -- Archives.
Lederberg, Joshua.
Lindegren, Carl C. (Carl Clarence), 1896-
Fungi -- Genetics.
International Congress for Microbiology (3rd : 1939 : New York, N.Y.)
Neurospora -- Photographs.
New York Botanical Garden Archives.
Pathogenic fungi.
Phytopathogenic microorganisms.

Related Material

New York Botanical Garden

RG5--William Jacob Robbins Records

RG5--Pascal Pompey Pirone Records

American Philosophical Society Library

Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Papers, 1908-1961

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Records (RG5), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.

Acquisition Information

This collection was transferred to the New York Botanical Library Archives.

Processing Information

Originally processed by David Rose, Archives Assistant, January, 1999. Revised December, 1999. Converted to EAD in August 2006 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).

Container List


Series 1. Correspondence.

Scope and Content:

There are 191 files of correspondence (1924-56) arranged chronologically, then alphabetically within each year or period (e.g. ‘Jan 1928 - May 1929’). Subjects include diseases of ornamental plants, barberry eradication, studies of ascomycetes, and the genetics and microbiology of Neurospora. Several files (1924-28) relate to Dodge’s work with the USDA. The remaining 64 files are arranged alphabetically by subject or correspondent. Eleven files consist of Torrey Botanical Club correspondence, and 21 with the International Microbiological Conference III (1938). Correspondents include George Beadle, Joshua Lederberg, and Carl Lindegren. There is one chronological index (notebook) of correspondence (1938-42). For personal correspondence, see Series 8: Personal Papers.

Folder Title Date
1.1 General Correspondence 1924
1.2-20 General Correspondence Jan 1928 - May 1929
1.21-38 General Correspondence Jun 1929 - Oct 1930
1.39-53 General Correspondence Nov 1930 - Sep 1931
1.54-66 General Correspondence Oct 1931 - Jun 1932
1.67-74 General Correspondence Jul 1932 - Dec 1932
2.1-12 General Correspondence Jan 1933 - Oct 1933
2.13-26 General Correspondence Oct 1933 - Dec 1934
2.27-38 General Correspondence Jan 1935 - Sep 1935
2.39-52 General Correspondence Sep 1935 - Aug 1936
2.53-63 General Correspondence Aug 1936 - Dec 1927
3.1-6 General Correspondence Aug 1936 - Dec 1937
3.7-22 General Correspondence Jan - Apr 1938
3.23-29 General Correspondence May 1939 - May 1940
3.30-36 General Correspondence 1940 - 1945
3.37-48 General Correspondence 1946
3.49-56 General Correspondence 1947
3.57-60 General Correspondence 1948
3.61-62 General Correspondence 1949; 1950
4.1-6 General Correspondence 1951 - 1956
4.7-9 Applications for assistantships 1932, 1933, 1938
4.10 Barberry eradication 1942
4.11-12 Beadle, George W. n.d.
4.13 Board of fellowships, National Research Council 1932
4.14 British Mycological Society n.d.
4.15 Dahlia disease 1931
4.16 Equipment orders 1930
4.17 Farr, Wanda 1957
4.18 Lindegren, Carl C. 1930-1934
4.19 Miscellaneous letters of appointment and membership 1940-1950
4.20 National Academy of Sciences 1933
4.21 Notebook, “Letter file” 14 April 1938 - 31 March 1942
4.22 Orders (equipment) 1931-1932
4.23 Personal and foreign correspondence 1909-12; 1914
4.24 Peterson, Amis R. n.d.
4.25 Plant pathology seminar, University Farm, St. Paul, Minnesota 1944-1946
4.26 Requests for reprints n.d.
4.27 Robinson, Louis n.d.
4.28-35 Spray (pesticide) 1928-1931
4.36 Steiner, G. re: boxwood diseases 1945-1946
4.37-45 Torrey Botanical Club 1933-1935
4.46 Torrey Botanical Club, Bills and Receipts n.d.
4.47 Torrey Botanical Club, Printing n.d.
4.48-54 3rd International Microbiological Congress 1938
5.1-13 3rd International Microbiological Congress, Replies 1938
5.14 3rd International Microbiological Congress Programs n.d.
5.15 5th International Botanical Congress 1930
5.16 6th International Congress of Genetics 1932

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Series 2. Research Papers.

Scope and Content:

The research papers consist of 15 files on plant pathology, Neurospora research, and related mycological subjects and 9 laboratory notebooks (1934-55). Six files on Notes on Diseases and Insectscontain records of descriptions and diagnoses of plant pathogens and hosts, based on field collection. There are two index files, one arranged alphabetically by fungal disease and insect pest, and one by host name.

Folder Title Date
5.17 Bibliography 1912-1957
5.18-21 Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants ca. 1912-1953
5.22 Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants, Index by Disease and Insect ca. 1912-1953
5.23 Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants, Index by Host ca. 1912-1953
5.24 Index to Neurospora tetrasperma drawings by D. Pease ca. 1912-1953
5.25 Logarithmic spirals ca. 1912-1953
5.26 News clippings, plant pathogens ca. 1912-1953
5.27 Notes on ascospores ca. 1912-1953
5.28 Notes on fungi, cytological growth ca. 1912-1953
5.29 Notes on myxomycetes ca. 1912-1953
5.30 Notes on Neurospora 1929
5.31 Preliminary programme, 4th International Congress for Microbiology, Copenhagen 1947
5.32 Laboratory Notebooks 1934-1935
5.33 Laboratory Notebooks 1936-1941
5.34 Laboratory Notebooks 1937-1939; 1947; 1953
5.35 Laboratory Notebooks 1941
5.36 Laboratory Notebooks 1941
5.37 Laboratory Notebooks 1942
5.38 Laboratory Notebooks 1947-1949
5.39 Laboratory Notebooks 1949-1951
5.40 Laboratory Notebooks 1951-1955

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Series 3. Manuscripts & Typescripts.

Scope and Content:

There are 13 files of Dodge’s work and 5 files of other authors. Six are manuscripts of publications on Neurospora others pertain to plant pathogens and various mycological subjects.

Folder Title Date
6.1 “Control of the Japanese and Asiatic Beetles” ca. 1924-1947
6.2 “Control of White Pine Blister Rust” ca. 1924-1947
6.3 “The Genetics of Neurospora, or the Red Bread Molds” ca. 1924-1947
6.4 “Maintenance of Heterozygosity in a Homothallic Species of the N. tetrasperma Type” ca. 1924-1947
6.5 “Memorandum of Races in the Fungi” ca. 1924-1947
6.6 Neurospora tetrasperma from Texas and the Canal Zone” ca. 1924-1947
6.7 “New Hybrid Asci by Intercrossing Lethal Mutant Races of Neurospora tetrasperma ca. 1924-1947
6.8 Re: Notes on “Cycle de development…” by P. Martens ca. 1924-1947
6.9 “Phenocopies in Neurospora” ca. 1924-1947
6.10 “Proposal for Genetic Nomenclature and Symbolism of Neurospora” 1952
6.11 Re: Sexual reproduction in the fungi ca. 1924-1947
6.12 “Thoughts on Malloch’s Work” / “Criticism on Malloch’s Last Mss.” ca. 1924-1947
6.13 “Triploid and Tetraploid Rusts” ca. 1924-1947
6.14 Dodge, Schmidt, Appel “Inheritance of Factors Involved in One Type of Heterokaryotic Vigor” ca. 1924-1947
6.15 Martens, P. “Cycle de development et sexualite des Ascomycetes Essai Critique” 1946
6.16 Olive, Linsay “Aberrant Tetrads in Sordaria fimicola 1959
6.17 Singleton, Jesse “Cytology” ca. 1924-1947
6.18 Zicker, H. “Genetic Researches in Hetero-thallic Ascomycetes” ca. 1924-1947

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Series 4. Photographs & Diagrams.

Scope and Content:

There are several photographic sequences of Neurospora in culture and graphic exhibits of its cytology and life cycle. There are also a variety of photomicrographs, diagrams, and charts that illustrate the microbiology of plant pathogens (e.g. rusts of Rubus and Juniperus) and other predacious fungi (e.g. Gymnosporangium and Ustilago). All material is organized alphabetically by genus where possible; one sequence is ordered by author’s name. There are many unidentified diagrams and detached diagram pieces separated from original paste-ups. There are also titled and captioned photo and diagram sequences used for exhibit. A small selection of personal photos is located in Series 8: Personal Papers (see below).

Folder Title Date
6.19-21 Photographs, Neurospora and other cultures ca. 1928-1953
6.22 Photo Sequence for Neurospora Exhibit ca. 1928-1953
6.23 Animal pathogens ca. 1928-1953
6.24 Cankers on trees (Stuntz) ca. 1928-1953
6.25 Human pathogens ca. 1928-1953
6.26 Plant pathogens, galls, etc. ca. 1928-1953
6.27-30 Misc unidentified plant pathogens ca. 1928-1953
6.31 Photos of cultures ca. 1928-1953
6.32 Human interest, mycologists ca. 1928-1953
6.33 Photos and descriptions: isolates and lab cultures ca. 1928-1953
6.34 Photos for Mycologia ca. 1928-1953
6.35 Misc photos (8” x 10”) ca. 1928-1953
6.36 Unidentified photos ca. 1928-1953
6.37 Unidentified illustrations (printers’ proofs) ca. 1928-1953
6.38-40 A-C ca. 1928-1953
6.41 Achlya ca. 1928-1953
6.42 Agaricus ca. 1928-1953
6.43 Ascobolus magnificus ca. 1928-1953
6.44 Bagnisiopsis ca. 1928-1953
6.45 Chaetomium ca. 1928-1953
6.46 Cyathis striatus ca. 1928-1953
7.1-11 D-T ca. 1928-1953
7.12 Gymnosporangium ca. 1928-1953
7.13 Gymnosporangium nidas ca. 1928-1953
7.14 Neurospora sitophila ca. 1928-1953
7.15 Penicillium brefeldium ca. 1928-1953
7.16 Rubus ca. 1928-1953
7.17 Stafelia gigantea ca. 1928-1953
7.18 T. fusca ca. 1928-1953
7.19 Tuber ca. 1928-1953
7.20 Tylostoma ca. 1928-1953
7.21 Ustillago bullato ca. 1928-1953
7.22 Chytrid ca. 1928-1953
7.23 Stromata, et al; figs 1 – 5 ca. 1928-1953
7.24 Cummins, “Revisionary Studies for Mycologia” et al ca. 1928-1953
7.25 Dahlia ca. 1928-1953
7.26 Stalked Puffball ca. 1928-1953
7.27 Miscellaneous captions for texts and photos ca. 1928-1953
8.1 Detached unidentified photos from photo displays ca. 1928-1953
8.2 Miscellaneous photos with descriptions ca. 1928-1953
8.3 Bliss, D. E. ca. 1928-1953
8.4 Cooke ca. 1928-1953
8.5 Cutter ca. 1928-1953
8.6 Diehl ca. 1928-1953
8.7 Drayton ca. 1928-1953
8.8 Hagelstein ca. 1928-1953
8.9 Johnson & Brown ca. 1928-1953
8.10 Lenz ca. 1928-1953
8.11 Lindegren ca. 1928-1953
8.12 Long & Plunkett ca. 1928-1953
8.13 Martin ca. 1928-1953
8.14 McGuire ca. 1928-1953
8.15 Overholts ca. 1928-1953
8.16 Porter & Zebrowski ca. 1928-1953
8.17 Sheal ca. 1928-1953
8.18 Tucker & Millrath ca. 1928-1953
8.19 Charts, Reproduction and Genetics ca. 1928-1953
8.20 Charts, Growth of Water Molds ca. 1928-1953
8.21 Charts, Phylogenetic Lineages ca. 1928-1953
8.22 Graphs ca. 1928-1953
9. Neurospora exhibit, photographs and diagrams ca. 1928-1953
10. Morphology and life history studies: Neurospora, Pleurage, and Gelanispora ca. 1928-1953
11.1 Diagrams, organized by genus, A-U ca. 1928-1953
11.2-7 Unidentified diagrams ca. 1928-1953
11.8 Detached diagram pieces ca. 1928-1953
11.9-10 Detached diagram pieces, unidentified ca. 1928-1953
11.11 Unidentified diagrams, figs 1-40 ca. 1928-1953
11.12 Diagrams re: Drechsler: “Three Hyphomycetes that Capture Nematodes in Adhesive Networks” ca. 1928-1953
11.13 Miscellaneous diagrams and descriptions ca. 1928-1953
12.1 Large diagrams ca. 1928-1953
12.2 Plastic overlay map of North and South America ca. 1928-1953
12.3 Diagrams/photos: printers’ proofs ca. 1928-1953
12.4 Photographs of Coprinus sp ca. 1928-1953
12.5 Unidentified diagrams on photographic paper ca. 1928-1953

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Series 5. Lantern Slides.

Scope and Content:

There are 9 boxes of lantern slides of botanical subjects, fungi, cultures and microscopic views of Neurospora.

Folder Title Date
Lantern Slides 1928-1947

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Series 6. Artwork.

Scope and Content:

There are nine files of watercolor illustrations of plant diseases and insect pests. Most illustrate pathogenic effects on plant life such as boxwood and opuntia.

Folder Title Date
22.1 Watercolor illustrations--Cultures ca. 1928-1947
22.2 Watercolor illustrations--Fungi ca. 1928-1947
22.3-4 Watercolor illustrations--Insect pests ca. 1928-1947
22.5-8 Watercolor illustrations--Plant diseases ca. 1928-1947
22.9 Watercolor illustrations--Oversize ca. 1928-1947

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Series 7. Business Records.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of one box of cancelled personal checks.

Box Title Date
23 Cancelled checks 1939-1944

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Series 8. Personal Papers.

Scope and Content:

This series includes personal correspondence, news clippings, photographs, memoirs, and essays. Personal correspondence with Captain Charles Towne (1940, 1942) and Frances Robotti (1949) pertains to Dr. Dodge’s inquiries concerning the genealogy of a family ancestor, Rebecca Nourse (or “Nurse”) who was executed in the Salem, Massachusetts witchcraft trials of 1692.

Folder Title Date
24.1 Algoma Wisconsin High School Students ca. 1901-1950
24.2 Congratulations on retirement 1946-1947
24.3-5 Personal ca. 1901-1950
24.6 Robotti, Frances Drake 1949
24.7 Sowle, Claude R. 1949-1950
24.8 Towne, Charles A. ca. 1901-1950
24.9-11 Personal ca. 1901-1950
24.12 “Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, A Biographical Memoir” - William J. Robbins 1872-1960
24.13 “Hebrew Morality” (essay) 1909
24.14 “How Come” (autobiographical memoir) ca. 1901-1950
24.15 Personal and biographical clippings ca. 1901-1950
24.16 Personal news clippings 1949-1950
24.17 Personal items and notes ca. 1901-1950
24.18 Personal and family photos 1920s-1940s
24.19-20 Personal and family photos 1950s
24.21 Photo portraits ca. 1901-1950
24.22 Rebecca Nourse memorabilia ca. 1949-1950
24.23 “Salutatory” (poem by his mother) ca. 1901-1950
24.24 “We Aren’t Superstitious” by Stephen Vincent Benet, from Esquire May 1937

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