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|Collectors:||Dodge, Bernard Ogilvie, 1872-1960.|
|Title:||Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Records (RG5)|
|Quantity:||25.3 linear feet; 24 boxes|
|Call Phrase:||Dodge (RG5)|
Bernard Ogilvie Dodge (1872-1960) was a mycologist whose study of the common bread mold Neurospora significantly advanced the science of genetics and biochemical genetics in the twentieth century. Dodge was born 18 April 1872 in Mauston, Wisconsin. He received his bachelor’s degree at the University of Wisconsin (1909) and Ph.D. in botany and physics at Columbia University (1912) where he was a research fellow in field botany. He continued at Columbia as Instructor in Botany until 1920 when he joined the Bureau of Plant Industry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC as a plant pathologist. His early studies of reproduction in microscopic fungi of the family Ascobolaceae, fungal parasites of fruit, and rusts of trees led in important findings in the development of plant disease control.
In 1928 the New York Botanical Garden appointed Dodge plant pathologist, a position which he retained until his retirement in 1947. During this time he was also a consultant in mycology for the Presbyterian Hospital and a lecturer in dermatology for the College of Physicians and Surgeons, both in New York City. Dr. Dodge continued as plant pathologist emeritus and consultant in mycology until 1957. While his official duties involved the control of plant diseases and insect pests, he assiduously pursued research on Neurospora, often on his own time and with limited resources.
Dodge began systematic investigation into the life history, cytology, and genetics of microscopic molds in the genus Neurospora (formerly Monilia) in 1927 on which he published 42 scientific papers. He identified three species (N. crassa, N. sitophila, and N. tetrasperma) and demonstrated regularities in the Mendelian nature of inheritance in this fungus that made it a critical tool in many research applications. Dodge’s findings on Neurospora and his association with George Beadle and Edward Tatum led to the latter receiving the Nobel Prize in 1958 for demonstrating the role of genes in biochemical processes. Dodge also discovered that the ascospores of Neurospora would germinate after being heated, and he developed techniques of crossing this organism to establish the ascospores in culture, important for studies of mutation.
Dodge published 162 scientific papers; with Harold W. Rickett he published Diseases and Pests of Ornamental Plants (1943). He served as associate editor of Mycologia (1923-32), editor (1932-40) of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club and vice-president (1934) and president (1935) of the Mycological Society of America. He was convener of the section on fungi and fungus diseases of the 3rd International Microbiological Congress (1939) and vice-president of the 7th International Botanical Congress in Stockholm (1950). His participation in scientific and botanical organizations included National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an honorary membership of the British Mycological Society. The NYBG presented Dodge its Distinguished Service award in 1951. He died in New York City 9 August 1960.
The Bernard Ogilvie Dodge collection consists of correspondence; research, business, and personal papers; manuscripts and typescripts; and graphic material such as photographs, diagrams, charts, lantern slides, and watercolor illustrations pertaining to his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1924-28), the NYBG (1928-47), and post-retirement work to 1957.
|The collection is organized into eight series:|
|Series 1: Correspondence. 1909-1957. Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically.|
|Series 2: Research Papers. 1912-1953. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 3: Manuscripts & Typescripts. 1924-1947. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 4: Photographs & Diagrams. 1928-1953. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 5: Lantern Slides. 1928-1947. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 6: Artwork. 1928-1947. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 7: Business Records. 1939-1944. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 8: Personal Papers. 1901-1950. Arranged by subject.|
This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
|The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.|
|Beadle, George Wells, 1903-|
|Dodge, Bernard Ogilvie, 1872-1960 -- Archives.|
|Lindegren, Carl C. (Carl Clarence), 1896-|
|Fungi -- Genetics.|
|International Congress for Microbiology (3rd : 1939 : New York, N.Y.)|
|Neurospora -- Photographs.|
|New York Botanical Garden Archives.|
New York Botanical Garden
RG5--William Jacob Robbins Records
RG5--Pascal Pompey Pirone Records
American Philosophical Society Library
Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Papers, 1908-1961
Bernard Ogilvie Dodge Records (RG5), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.
This collection was transferred to the New York Botanical Library Archives.
Originally processed by David Rose, Archives Assistant, January, 1999. Revised December, 1999. Converted to EAD in August 2006 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).
Series 1. Correspondence.
Scope and Content:
There are 191 files of correspondence (1924-56) arranged chronologically, then alphabetically within each year or period (e.g. ‘Jan 1928 - May 1929’). Subjects include diseases of ornamental plants, barberry eradication, studies of ascomycetes, and the genetics and microbiology of Neurospora. Several files (1924-28) relate to Dodge’s work with the USDA. The remaining 64 files are arranged alphabetically by subject or correspondent. Eleven files consist of Torrey Botanical Club correspondence, and 21 with the International Microbiological Conference III (1938). Correspondents include George Beadle, Joshua Lederberg, and Carl Lindegren. There is one chronological index (notebook) of correspondence (1938-42). For personal correspondence, see Series 8: Personal Papers.
|1.2-20||General Correspondence||Jan 1928 - May 1929|
|1.21-38||General Correspondence||Jun 1929 - Oct 1930|
|1.39-53||General Correspondence||Nov 1930 - Sep 1931|
|1.54-66||General Correspondence||Oct 1931 - Jun 1932|
|1.67-74||General Correspondence||Jul 1932 - Dec 1932|
|2.1-12||General Correspondence||Jan 1933 - Oct 1933|
|2.13-26||General Correspondence||Oct 1933 - Dec 1934|
|2.27-38||General Correspondence||Jan 1935 - Sep 1935|
|2.39-52||General Correspondence||Sep 1935 - Aug 1936|
|2.53-63||General Correspondence||Aug 1936 - Dec 1927|
|3.1-6||General Correspondence||Aug 1936 - Dec 1937|
|3.7-22||General Correspondence||Jan - Apr 1938|
|3.23-29||General Correspondence||May 1939 - May 1940|
|3.30-36||General Correspondence||1940 - 1945|
|3.61-62||General Correspondence||1949; 1950|
|4.1-6||General Correspondence||1951 - 1956|
|4.7-9||Applications for assistantships||1932, 1933, 1938|
|4.11-12||Beadle, George W.||n.d.|
|4.13||Board of fellowships, National Research Council||1932|
|4.14||British Mycological Society||n.d.|
|4.18||Lindegren, Carl C.||1930-1934|
|4.19||Miscellaneous letters of appointment and membership||1940-1950|
|4.20||National Academy of Sciences||1933|
|4.21||Notebook, “Letter file”||14 April 1938 - 31 March 1942|
|4.23||Personal and foreign correspondence||1909-12; 1914|
|4.24||Peterson, Amis R.||n.d.|
|4.25||Plant pathology seminar, University Farm, St. Paul, Minnesota||1944-1946|
|4.26||Requests for reprints||n.d.|
|4.36||Steiner, G. re: boxwood diseases||1945-1946|
|4.37-45||Torrey Botanical Club||1933-1935|
|4.46||Torrey Botanical Club, Bills and Receipts||n.d.|
|4.47||Torrey Botanical Club, Printing||n.d.|
|4.48-54||3rd International Microbiological Congress||1938|
|5.1-13||3rd International Microbiological Congress, Replies||1938|
|5.14||3rd International Microbiological Congress Programs||n.d.|
|5.15||5th International Botanical Congress||1930|
|5.16||6th International Congress of Genetics||1932|
Series 2. Research Papers.
Scope and Content:
The research papers consist of 15 files on plant pathology, Neurospora research, and related mycological subjects and 9 laboratory notebooks (1934-55). Six files on Notes on Diseases and Insectscontain records of descriptions and diagnoses of plant pathogens and hosts, based on field collection. There are two index files, one arranged alphabetically by fungal disease and insect pest, and one by host name.
|5.18-21||Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.22||Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants, Index by Disease and Insect||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.23||Diseases and Insects Affecting Plants, Index by Host||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.24||Index to Neurospora tetrasperma drawings by D. Pease||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.25||Logarithmic spirals||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.26||News clippings, plant pathogens||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.27||Notes on ascospores||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.28||Notes on fungi, cytological growth||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.29||Notes on myxomycetes||ca. 1912-1953|
|5.30||Notes on Neurospora||1929|
|5.31||Preliminary programme, 4th International Congress for Microbiology, Copenhagen||1947|
|5.34||Laboratory Notebooks||1937-1939; 1947; 1953|
Series 3. Manuscripts & Typescripts.
Scope and Content:
There are 13 files of Dodge’s work and 5 files of other authors. Six are manuscripts of publications on Neurospora others pertain to plant pathogens and various mycological subjects.
|6.1||“Control of the Japanese and Asiatic Beetles”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.2||“Control of White Pine Blister Rust”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.3||“The Genetics of Neurospora, or the Red Bread Molds”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.4||“Maintenance of Heterozygosity in a Homothallic Species of the N. tetrasperma Type”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.5||“Memorandum of Races in the Fungi”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.6||“Neurospora tetrasperma from Texas and the Canal Zone”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.7||“New Hybrid Asci by Intercrossing Lethal Mutant Races of Neurospora tetrasperma”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.8||Re: Notes on “Cycle de development…” by P. Martens||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.9||“Phenocopies in Neurospora”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.10||“Proposal for Genetic Nomenclature and Symbolism of Neurospora”||1952|
|6.11||Re: Sexual reproduction in the fungi||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.12||“Thoughts on Malloch’s Work” / “Criticism on Malloch’s Last Mss.”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.13||“Triploid and Tetraploid Rusts”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.14||Dodge, Schmidt, Appel “Inheritance of Factors Involved in One Type of Heterokaryotic Vigor”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.15||Martens, P. “Cycle de development et sexualite des Ascomycetes Essai Critique”||1946|
|6.16||Olive, Linsay “Aberrant Tetrads in Sordaria fimicola”||1959|
|6.17||Singleton, Jesse “Cytology”||ca. 1924-1947|
|6.18||Zicker, H. “Genetic Researches in Hetero-thallic Ascomycetes”||ca. 1924-1947|
Series 4. Photographs & Diagrams.
Scope and Content:
There are several photographic sequences of Neurospora in culture and graphic exhibits of its cytology and life cycle. There are also a variety of photomicrographs, diagrams, and charts that illustrate the microbiology of plant pathogens (e.g. rusts of Rubus and Juniperus) and other predacious fungi (e.g. Gymnosporangium and Ustilago). All material is organized alphabetically by genus where possible; one sequence is ordered by author’s name. There are many unidentified diagrams and detached diagram pieces separated from original paste-ups. There are also titled and captioned photo and diagram sequences used for exhibit. A small selection of personal photos is located in Series 8: Personal Papers (see below).
|6.19-21||Photographs, Neurospora and other cultures||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.22||Photo Sequence for Neurospora Exhibit||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.23||Animal pathogens||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.24||Cankers on trees (Stuntz)||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.25||Human pathogens||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.26||Plant pathogens, galls, etc.||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.27-30||Misc unidentified plant pathogens||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.31||Photos of cultures||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.32||Human interest, mycologists||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.33||Photos and descriptions: isolates and lab cultures||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.34||Photos for Mycologia||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.35||Misc photos (8” x 10”)||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.36||Unidentified photos||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.37||Unidentified illustrations (printers’ proofs)||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.43||Ascobolus magnificus||ca. 1928-1953|
|6.46||Cyathis striatus||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.13||Gymnosporangium nidas||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.14||Neurospora sitophila||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.15||Penicillium brefeldium||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.17||Stafelia gigantea||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.18||T. fusca||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.21||Ustillago bullato||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.23||Stromata, et al; figs 1 – 5||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.24||Cummins, “Revisionary Studies for Mycologia” et al||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.26||Stalked Puffball||ca. 1928-1953|
|7.27||Miscellaneous captions for texts and photos||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.1||Detached unidentified photos from photo displays||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.2||Miscellaneous photos with descriptions||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.3||Bliss, D. E.||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.9||Johnson & Brown||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.12||Long & Plunkett||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.16||Porter & Zebrowski||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.18||Tucker & Millrath||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.19||Charts, Reproduction and Genetics||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.20||Charts, Growth of Water Molds||ca. 1928-1953|
|8.21||Charts, Phylogenetic Lineages||ca. 1928-1953|
|9.||Neurospora exhibit, photographs and diagrams||ca. 1928-1953|
|10.||Morphology and life history studies: Neurospora, Pleurage, and Gelanispora||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.1||Diagrams, organized by genus, A-U||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.2-7||Unidentified diagrams||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.8||Detached diagram pieces||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.9-10||Detached diagram pieces, unidentified||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.11||Unidentified diagrams, figs 1-40||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.12||Diagrams re: Drechsler: “Three Hyphomycetes that Capture Nematodes in Adhesive Networks”||ca. 1928-1953|
|11.13||Miscellaneous diagrams and descriptions||ca. 1928-1953|
|12.1||Large diagrams||ca. 1928-1953|
|12.2||Plastic overlay map of North and South America||ca. 1928-1953|
|12.3||Diagrams/photos: printers’ proofs||ca. 1928-1953|
|12.4||Photographs of Coprinus sp||ca. 1928-1953|
|12.5||Unidentified diagrams on photographic paper||ca. 1928-1953|
Series 5. Lantern Slides.
Scope and Content:
There are 9 boxes of lantern slides of botanical subjects, fungi, cultures and microscopic views of Neurospora.
Series 6. Artwork.
Scope and Content:
There are nine files of watercolor illustrations of plant diseases and insect pests. Most illustrate pathogenic effects on plant life such as boxwood and opuntia.
|22.1||Watercolor illustrations--Cultures||ca. 1928-1947|
|22.2||Watercolor illustrations--Fungi||ca. 1928-1947|
|22.3-4||Watercolor illustrations--Insect pests||ca. 1928-1947|
|22.5-8||Watercolor illustrations--Plant diseases||ca. 1928-1947|
|22.9||Watercolor illustrations--Oversize||ca. 1928-1947|
Series 7. Business Records.
Scope and Content:
This series consists of one box of cancelled personal checks.
Series 8. Personal Papers.
Scope and Content:
This series includes personal correspondence, news clippings, photographs, memoirs, and essays. Personal correspondence with Captain Charles Towne (1940, 1942) and Frances Robotti (1949) pertains to Dr. Dodge’s inquiries concerning the genealogy of a family ancestor, Rebecca Nourse (or “Nurse”) who was executed in the Salem, Massachusetts witchcraft trials of 1692.
|24.1||Algoma Wisconsin High School Students||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.2||Congratulations on retirement||1946-1947|
|24.6||Robotti, Frances Drake||1949|
|24.7||Sowle, Claude R.||1949-1950|
|24.8||Towne, Charles A.||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.12||“Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, A Biographical Memoir” - William J. Robbins||1872-1960|
|24.13||“Hebrew Morality” (essay)||1909|
|24.14||“How Come” (autobiographical memoir)||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.15||Personal and biographical clippings||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.16||Personal news clippings||1949-1950|
|24.17||Personal items and notes||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.18||Personal and family photos||1920s-1940s|
|24.19-20||Personal and family photos||1950s|
|24.21||Photo portraits||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.22||Rebecca Nourse memorabilia||ca. 1949-1950|
|24.23||“Salutatory” (poem by his mother)||ca. 1901-1950|
|24.24||“We Aren’t Superstitious” by Stephen Vincent Benet, from Esquire||May 1937|