The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. © 2005; 2006.
This finding aid was produced in English.
Finding aid produced using NoteTab Pro
|Collectors:||Everett, Thomas H.|
|Title:||Thomas H. Everett Papers (PP)|
|Quantity:||[collection is in process]|
|Call Phrase:||Everett (PP)|
T. H. Everett (1903-1986), a staff member of the NYBG for 55 years, was one of the world's leading horticultural authorities and educators. Mr.Everett had an international reputation as a horticulturist, author, lecturer, educator and consultant. His influence in the field of horticulture was magnified through those who learned from him as a teacher, those who worked with him as a gardener and those who relied on his publications for horticultural information. At various times in his career at the Garden, he headed the education, horticulture and maintenance divisions.
Born in Woolton, England in 1903, he gained horticultural training early on by working on several estate gardens. He enrolled in a three year horticultural course at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 1925. Arriving in American in 1927, his first position was gardener on the estate of Samuel Untermeyer in Yonkers, New York. The following year he moved to a position as head of greenhouses and estate gardens for H. E. Manville in Pleasantville, New York where he worked with the renowned landscape architect Beatrix Farrand. In 1930 he returned to England to take his final examination for the coveted National Diploma of Horticulture, awarded jointly by the British government and the Royal Horticultural Society.
In 1932 he was offered a position as Horticulturist and Head Gardener at the New York Botanical Garden. He was successively promoted to Horticulturist and Head of Education in 1934, Assistant Director of Horticulture and Senior Curator of Education in 1959, Director of Horticulture and Senior Curator of Education in 1967 and Senior Horticulture Specialist in 1968 at which time he set aside most of his duties to concentrate on the compilation of his Encyclopedia. He designed and supervised the construction of the renowned rock garden, which was eventually named in his honor. He was a founding member of the American Rock Garden Society. He also designed, developed and installed the famous NYBG rose garden and numerous lavish conservatory displays.
He traveled widely throughout the world in his work and was a tour leader for many horticultural trips offered by Linblad Travel. The recipient of almost every medal and citation the horticultural world has to offer, he was also a participant on numerous television and radio programs. Over a twenty year period he answered gardening questions for the Herald Tribune and several gardening magazines. He authored the sections on Trees and Houseplants in the Encyclopedia Britannica. He served as landscape consultant for both the Port Authority of New York and the Staten Island Botanical Garden. Called the patron saint of Wave Hill, a 28 acre former estate in the Bronx with gardens, greenhouses and striking views of the Hudson River, Everett made an appeal to New York City Parks Commissioner Thomas Hoving to preserve this garden for the public. In 1982 an alpine greenhouse there was dedicated and named in his honor.
Founder of the acclaimed New York Botanical Garden School of Horticulture, Everett was deeply concerned throughout his career with effective public and professional gardening and horticultural education. Appointed Curator of Education in 1954 and Senior Curator of Education in 1959, he initiated a program of instruction for professional gardeners in 1932 which continued until 1942. This program produced a group of outstanding American horticulturists who later occupied important positions in the U.S. and abroad. As Senior Curator of Education, he organized three major certificate programs in botany, gardening and landscape gardening. In 1957 he instituted the Children's Gardencraft Program in which over 200 children a year cultivate their own garden plots. In 1963, he organized the highly successful Municipal Cooperative Trainee Gardener Program for New York City high school students.
Perhaps his greatest accomplishment is authoring the ten volume New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture upon which he labored 14 years to produce. He took most of the 11,500 photographs himself. The first of its kind to be published since that of L. H. Bailey in 1914, it is considered one of the most complete horticultural reference works and a benchmark in the field. Much of his success he attributed to his secretary Lillian Weber who had been with him for over fifty years and to his longtime friend Miss Elizabeth Hall, Chief Librarian of the New York Botanical Garden. Both of these women assisted Everett in the compilation of his monumental Encyclopedia. Both he and Miss Hall were recipients of the New York Botanical Garden Distinguished Service Award in 1969. All three of these friends founded and operated the Garden's Plant Information Office from 1981 through 1986.
The papers of T. H. Everett cover his entire career at the NYBG and include memorabilia from earlier years. The collection consists of biographical materials, lectures, articles, awards, resource materials, consultation projects, encyclopedia manuscripts, photographs, slides and negatives.
An asterik [*] after a given folder indicates that the item is oversized. Please indicate this when requesting material.
|This collection is still in process. Updates will be posted as they occur.|
|The collection is organized into seven series:|
|Series 1: Biographical|
|Series 2: Subject files|
|Series 3: Articles|
|Series 4: Lectures|
|Series 5: Awards|
|Series 6: Encyclopedia|
|Series 7: Reference resources|
|Series 8: Consulting projects|
|Series 9: Botanical Gardens|
|Series 10: New York Herald Tribune gardening questions and answers|
|Series 11: Photographs|
|Series 12: Negatives|
This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
Series 12, Negatives, have been removed from the bulk of the collection and moved to the cold storage vault of the Library.
T.H. Everett Papers (PP), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.
This collection was transferred to the New York Botanical Garden Archives.
Originally processed by Stephen P. Sinon, June 2006. Converted to EAD in April 2007 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).
Series 1. Biographical.
Scope and Content:
Includes curriculum vitae, diaries and notes, educational training, a loose-leafed notebook with photographs, and some correspondence. Arranged alphabetically.
|2||Biographical sketch (loose-leafed notebook/photographs)||n.d.|
|2||Books by T.E. Everett and reviews||n.d.|
|2||Correspondence, California Institute of Technology||1946|
|2||Correspondence, education and references,||1920s|
|2||Correspondence, Fairchild Tropical Garden||1945|
|2||Correspondence, gardening questions||n.d.|
|2||Diaries and notes
Cheadle Royal diary, 1923
|2||Ellen Everett Tree Memorial||1984|
|2||Kew Lecture notes
|2||Publication list||August 1932-March 1956|
|2||Obituary and memorial service||1986|
|2||Rock Garden dedication||1987|
Series 2. Subject files.
Scope and Content:
Topics related to Everett and his horticultural profession. Arranged alphabetically.
|2||British plant exploration trip||1952|
|2||Children's education memo||1955|
|2||Educational programs||1942-1944, 1956-1957|
|2||James Esson profile||1937|
|2||Forum Annual #1||1940|
|2||"The Gardener Chronicle" articles|
|2||Gardening Handbook (updated)||1964|
|2||Gardening Handbook (revised)||1955|
|2||Gardens Around the World Trip||1962, 1963|
|2||Guide to Trees at NYBG||1961|
|2||Horticultural Society of New York award|
|2||Hortus Club, New Yorker||February 2, 1963|
|2||How to Grow Beautiful House Plants||1955|
|2||Kew Guild annual dinner||May 23, 1967|
|2||National Landscape Association Design Award|
|2||NYBG and Garden Clubs of America||May 16, 1951|
|2||Plowman's Folly statement||1943|
|2||Radio Garden Club broadcasts||1936-1941|
|2||South American Garden tour||1965|
|2||Williamsburg Garden symposium||1954|
Series 3. Articles.
Scope and Content:
This series consists of articles written and published by Everett, including those written on plant species, families and genera; gardening techniques; and Plant Portraits which appeared in The Gardener's Chronicle of America. Arranged by subject.
|3||Scrapbook of clippings||1927-1928|
|3||Plant portraits index
Plant portraits, 1934-1950, nd (15 folders)
|4||Index -- Gardening operations and miscellaneous
Series 4. Lectures.
Scope and Content:
List of lectures for short courses, garden clubs, and special occasions given by Everett between 1929 and 1943 with indexes and list of slides used at each. Also included are the lecture outlines for Everett's gardening instruction courses circa 1935 and notes for a course, Fundamentals of Gardening.
|5||Lectures given by Everett (II) (with index)||1941-1957|
|5||Alpine plants – Gardening operations||n.d.|
|5||Gardening under glass – Watering||n.d.|
|5||Members’Day Meeting, NYBG||2/2/49|
|5||NYBG Gardening Instruction||n.d.|
|6||Fundamentals of Gardening
Series 5. Awards.
Scope and Content:
Plaques, medals, and certificates honoring Everett. Arranged chronologically. See also Box 18.
|6||George Pratt Medal, Horticulture Society of New York||1943|
|6||Thomas Roland Medal, Massachusetts Horticulture Society||1946|
|6||Achievement Award, Federated Garden Club, New York State||1965|
|6||Distinguished Service Award, NYBG||1969|
|6||Alice Doscher Horticulture Award, Garden Club New York State||1970|
|6||American Association of Landscape Contractors||1975|
|6||Medal of Honor, Garden Club of America||1981|
|6||NYBG 50 Year Award||1982|
|6||Arthur Hoyt Scott Garden Award||1984|
|6||Staten Island Botanical Garden||1985|
|6||Liberty Hyde Bailey, American Horticulture Society||1987|
|6||Distinguished Service Award, Brooklyn Botanic Garden||1987|
|6||Professional Grounds Management Society election||nd|
|6||American Rock Garden Society, founding member||nd|
|6||THE Greenhouse nameplate||nd|
|19*||Tri-County Nurserymen's Association, honorary membership||n.d.|
|19*||Royal Horticultural Society, Diploma in Horticulture||July 8, 1930|
|19*||American Horticultural Society for Horticultural writing||1981|
|19*||American Horticultural Society Liberty Hyde Bailey Award (plaque)||1987|
|19*||MS honorary degree, Rutgers University||June 3, 1959|
|19*||Garden Club of America 1981 certificate||n.d.|
Series 6. Encyclopedia.
Scope and Content:
Typescript of The New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture. Includes critical reviews and publicity for the 10 volume publication. Arranged by volume and page.
Vol. 4: 1260-1363
Vol. 9: 2956-3001
|9||Finished copy for publisher, 1-90||n.d.|
|9||Credits and captions
Vol. 1-10 (10 folders)
|9||Index to colored plates||n.d.|
|9||Miscellaneous encyclopedia materials
Series 7. Reference resources.
Scope and Content:
Books, pamphlets, magazine and newspaper clippings Everett used as reference materials for his publications and lectures. Arranged by type of resource.
|10||Illustrated Flora, N.L. Britton and Addison Brown, Vol. II||1913|
|10||Illustrated Flora, N.L. Britton and Addison Brown, Vol. III||1913|
|10||Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, L.H. Bailey, Vol. IV||1919|
|10||Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, L.H. Bailey, Vol. VI||1919|
|10||Hortus Second, A Concise Dictionary of Gardening and General Horticulture, L.H.||n.d.|
|10||Flora of the Vicinity of New York, Memoirs of the NYBG, Vol. V, Norman Taylor||1915|
|12||Control of Small Animals in Homes and Gardens, W. Robert Eadie, Cornell Extension Bulletin 729||1965|
|12||Plant Life, Amaryllis Year Book||1973|
|12||Golden Guide to Lawns, Trees, and Shrubs, John Strohm||1961|
|12||Growing Vegetables in the Home Garden, Home and Garden Bulletin No. 202, Department of Agriculture||1972|
|12||Rx for Ailing House Plants, Charles Evans||1974|
|12||Images of Thailand, William Warren||1981|
|12||Bangkok Only Yesterday, Steve Van Beek||1982|
|12||Album Floristico, Brasil||1940|
|12||Gardener to the Big House, Helen Book||1979|
|12||Bonsai Bulletin, Spring||1972|
|12||101 Gardening and Outdoor Ideas, Woman's Day||1976|
|12||Longwood Gardens – Plants Growing in Conservatories and Gardens||October 1970|
|12||Guide for the Chemical of Turfgrass Diseases, Virginia Polytechnic Institute||1973|
|12||Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne Australia|
|12||The Nobelman's, Gentleman's and Gardener's Recreation Tree, Lillian Weber and T.H. Everett, Encyclopaedia Britannica||1974|
|12||The Green Crusade, The Garden Club of New Jersey, 40 Years||1965|
|12||Why, in Botanical Science, Collaboration between Scientists and Practical Men Can, under the Present Circumstances, not be Realized, Lucien Reychler||1927|
|12||The Environment and Home Gardener, A Handbook, Brooklyn Botanic Garden||1977|
|12||Bromeliads, Mike and Jeanne Kashkin|
|12||Priceless Heritage, St. George Village Botanical Garden, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, Ben Kesler||1980|
|12||Nothing Grows for You?, Frances Tenenbaum||1974|
|12||Illustrated Home Garden Guide||1961|
|12||Phyllocactus, Curt Knebel||1949|
|12||Trees of San Diego, Patricia Waldron||1966|
|12||El Genero Heliconia en Venezuela, Leandro Aristeguieta||1961|
|12||Selecting Fruit Varieties, T.J. Talbert University of Missouri Bulletin||1941|
|12||Lists of Weeds of New York, W.C. Muenscher, Cornell University||1935|
|12||Commercial Fertilizers, 1965, Conn. Agricultural Station||October 1966|
|12||Vegetables and Fruits for the Home Garden, NYBG Journal||1942|
|12||Irises (in Russian)||1969|
|12||The University Garden, UCLA||1968|
|12||List of Seeds|
|12||Propagation of Flowers by Cuttings and Seeds, W.W. Wiggin|
|12||Legumes of the United States, Duane Isely|
|12||American Rock Garden Society Bulletin||April, 1973|
|12||Baja California del norte Guide||1970|
|12||1977 Abbey Garden Catalogue Caci and Succulents|
|12||California Horticultural Journal||January 1972|
|12||How to Grow better House Plants, Esther C. Grayson||1952|
|12||Hardiness in Plants, Henry Teuscher, Journal, NYBG||June, July, 1934|
|12||Senecio, T. M. Barkley, North American Flora, NYBG||1978|
|12||Bee's in the Garden, A month-by-month illustrated guide, Senior Publications Derbyshire||July 1986|
|12||Lawn Insects, how to control them, USDA, Home and Garden Bulletin No. 53||October 1956|
|12||Asparagus Production, Purdue University Agricultural Extension Service||1948|
|12||Looking at the Japanese Quinces, Morton Arboretum||May 1954|
|12||Indian Agricultural Research Institute||1955|
|12||Woody Plants for New England Garden, Parks and Roadsides, George Graves, s Agricultural Experiment Station||August 1937|
|12||Trees Around the Museum, San Diego, Reid Moran||February 1961|
|12||Protecting Orchard Crops from Diseases and Insects in Eastern New York, C.R. Crosby, Cornell Extension Bulletin||January 1935|
|12||Florida Dictionary of Fruits, et. al. Jack Shoemaker, Florida Department of Agriculture||July 1959|
|12||Bulb Facts, The Story of Holland's Bulbland, H. George Franks|
|12||Safe Practices for Arborists, National Arborist Association, Wooster, Ohio||1959|
|12||The Barefoot Scientist, Pierre Dansereau, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research||1963|
|12||A Review of the Origin and Development of the Florists' Cinceraria, Senecio cruentus, F. M. Barkley, Economic Botany||October-December, 1966|
|12||Householder's Guide to Outdoor Beauty, Robert W. Schery||July 1963|
|12||Hybrid Nymphaeas, Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin||February 1934|
|12||Checklist of Indigenous and Endemic Plants of Hawaii at Harold Lyon Arboretum, Robert Hirano, University of Hawaii||January 1972|
|12||of Small Animals in Homes and Garden, W. Robert Eadie, Cornell Extension Bulletin||October 1965|
|12||Galega Officinalis: An Adventure in Plant Naturalization, John S. Stokes, Morris Arboretum||1964|
|12||Propagation of Flowers by cuttings and Seeds, W.W. Wiggin, Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station||September 1931|
|12||Plant Propagation L.R. Bryant, Colorado Experiment Station||January 1938|
|12||Propagation of Trees and Shrubs, USDA Farmers' Bulletin||1929|
|12||Propagation of Plants, L.C. Corbett, USDA||1922|
|12||Plant Propagation, H.B. Tukey, NY State Agricultural Experiment Station, Circular||July 1934|
|12||Random Notes on Fruit Tree Rootstocks and Plant Propagation, H.B. Tukey, Cornell U.||October 1935|
|12||Zinc Oxide as a Seed and Soil Treatment for Damping-off, James Horsfall, Cornell U.||December 1934|
|12||Pasteurizing Soil Electrically to Damping-Off, James G. Horsfall, NY State Agricultural Experiment Station||January 1935|
|12||Cut-Flower Production under Cloth, Kenneth Post, NY State College at Cornell U.||February 1933|
|12||Production of Early Bloom of Chrysanthemums by the Use of Black Cloth to Reduce the Length of Day, Kenneth Post, Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station||April 1934|
|12||Structures for Starting and Growing Ornamental Plants, Kenneth Post, Cornell Extension Bulletin||August 1941|
|12||The Schachen Alpine Garden, Denis Hardwicke, J. Royal Horticultural Society||January 1962|
|12||Tussie-Mussies, Elizabeth McKey, The Home Garden|
|12||Calliandra Haematocephala: History, Morphology, and Taxonomy, Lorin Nevling, A rnold Arboretum Journal||January 1971|
|12||Strawberries for the Iowa Home Garden, Iowa State College||January 1944|
|12||Legumes of the United States: III. Schrankia, Duane Isely, Iowa State University||1971|
|12||Fruits and Seeds of Indian Plants, FAN||1969 [in Russian]|
|12||The English Names of Plants, H.W. Rickett, Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club||March-April 1965|
|12||The Gardens around the World brochures||1963|
Series 8. Consulting projects.
Scope and Content:
Everett's evaluations for the publications and the projects he was asked to critique. Arranged by project.
|13||Garden Are for Eating (Macmillan)||n.d.|
|13||The Homeowner's Guide to Success (Macmillan)||n.d.|
|13||The Lazy Gardener's Guide||n.d.|
|13||Your Friend the Tree (Random House)||n.d.|
|13||The Complete Book of Groundcovers (David McKay Co.)||n.d.|
|13||Dorling Kindersley Ltd.||n.d.|
|13||The Gardener's Dictionary (Holt, Rinehart and Winston)||n.d.|
|13||Wintergarden Soil Mixture (Olympia and York)||n.d.|
|13||Wintergarden Daylight Study (Battery Park City Commercial Center)||n.d.|
|13||Council of Environment, New York City||1984|
|13||Commercial Capital Resources||1985|
|13||Review, Reader's Digest Complete Library of Garden||n.d.|
Series 9. Botanical Gardens.
Scope and Content:
Pamphlets and plans for botanical gardens worldwide. Arranged alphabetically.
|13||Denver Botanic Garden||n.d.|
|13||Staten Island Botanical Garden||n.d.|
|13||Tubingen Botanical Garden||n.d.|
|13||University of Michigan Botanical Garden addition||1964|
|13||All Saints Gardens||n.d.|
Series 10. New York Herald Tribune gardening questions and answers .
Scope and Content:
Typescripts of hundreds of questions Everett answered for his column in the New York Herald Tribune. Arranged chronologically.
|14||Typescript answers to horticultural questions
|15||Typescript answers to horticultural questions
Series 11. Photographs.
Scope and Content:
Photographs of T.E. Everett and the New York Botanical Garden; photos for the Encyclopedia; negatives and prints of England and Scotland, school class pictures, photographs of gardening operations, and unidentified items.
|16||T.H. Everett and Miss Hall
|16||Plant Information Office||1985|
|16||T.H. Everett, ABC-TV show, "Second Cup of Coffee||January 1953|
|16||Unidentified Garden tour||n.d.|
|16||Hartshill Botanical Gardens, Liverpool, England T.H. Everett and scientists||n.d.|
|16||Johnson Garden prints||n.d.|
|16||Harold Frisch 35mm transparencies for Encyclopedia||n.d.|
|16||Negatives and prints England and Scotland||n.d.|
|17||Compost and leafmold||n.d.|
|17||Propagation, grafting and budding||n.d.|
|17||Pests and diseases||n.d.|
|17||Planting, bulbs, outdoors||n.d.|
|17||Seed sowing indoors||n.d.|
|17||Seed sowing outdoors||n.d.|
|17||Window boxes and containers||n.d.|
|18*||School class group photographs||1925, 1926, 1927|
|18*||Gardeners Forum of the NYBG, Bordewick Restaurant||April 2, 1936|
|18*||Encyclopedia photographs (4)||n.d.|
Series 12. Negatives.
Scope and Content:
Negatives of gardening operations and plants. Arranged alphabetically.
|21||Compost and leafmold||n.d.|
|21||Cutting, bulbs and bulblets||n.d.|
|21||Division, African violets||n.d.|
|21||Grafting and budding||n.d.|
|21||Landscape, flower borders||n.d.|
|21||Pests and diseases||n.d.|
|21||Planting, bulbs and outdoors||n.d.|
|21||Planting, ground cover||n.d.|
|22||Seed swing, cold frame||n.d.|
|22||Seed sowing, indoors||n.d.|
|22||Seed sowing outdoors||n.d.|
|23||English and Scottish gardens||n.d.|