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|Collectors:||Matzke, Edwin Bernard, 1902-1969.|
|Title:||Edwin Bernard Matzke Papers (PP)|
|Quantity:||8.2 linear feet; 5 boxes|
|Call Phrase:||Matzke (PP)|
Edwin Bernard Matzke was a member of the Board of Managers of the New York Botanical Garden from 1958 until his death in 1969. He served on the Executive Committee, the Buildings Committee and was Chair of the Scientific Committee from 1962-1969.
He was a member of the faculty of the Columbia University Dept. of Botany from 1929-1966, serving as Chair from 1958-1966. In 1966, he oversaw the establishment of the new combined Biological Sciences Dept. and served as Chair of that department from 1966-1967. Matzke wrote a "History of Botany at Columbia, 1754-1953."
His field of interest was cellular morphology and his research took him into comparing the morphology of animal cells and metal molecules with plant cytology. His first published work was a cutout plan for the Orthic Tetrakaidecahedron (1931). He collaborated with engineers, biologists and his own students. He was Advisory Editor for the Encyclopedia Americana from 1950-1960 and contributed 167 popular articles to that publication. He was active in the Torrey Botanical Club, Sigma Xi and Phi Beta Kappa.
Matzke was born and lived in the Bronx his entire life. The collection underscores the value he placed on education. He kept materials from his elementary school days at P.S. 53 and Morris High School through his college and graduate work.
He was granted a Regents Scholarship to attend Columbia University as an undergraduate. Columbia awarded him a Cutting Travel Fellowship, which enabled him to study at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin during 1928-1929.
The inspired student became an inspirational educator. His relationship to his students was modeled on the mentorship of Carlton C. Curtis, his professor of Botany at Columbia to him. He succeeded Curtis as Department Chair in 1958. Matzke wrote an informal history of Botany at Columbia, 1792-1953 which is held in the collection of the LuEsther T. Mertz Library. He also served as Lecturer at Fordham University from 1942-1944.
He moved easily from teacher to collaborator. This is especially true of his work with J.W. Marvin of the University of Vermont and Regina Duffy. Duffy on the eve of her inauguration as President of Northwestern Connecticut Community College in 1969 wrote to him "Any measure of achievement of mine can never equal or even approach the impact of your influence on all of the thousands of undergraduates at Columbia College….Any small success I may attain is due in large part to the education I received from you."
Edwin Bernard Matzke died on Sept. 28, 1969 after a long illness. He was survived by his sister, Mrs. Joseph McCadden.
The Edwin Bernard Matzke Collection (1915-1969) documents Matzke's career as an educator, his research in cytology and his personal relationships. It contains personal correspondence including post cards and greeting cards, a travel diary, professional correspondence, administrative correspondence, published and unpublished manuscripts, research material and lecture notes from his own student days through his time as professor and chair of the Dept. of Botany at Columbia University, illustration plates from 19th century natural history books, line drawing illustrations of cells and student manuscript theses. Research photographs are located with the relevant manuscripts. Personal photographs are found in Series 1 Personal Files. A manuscript prospectus outline for the new Britton and Brown Illustrated Flora (1952) is found in Series 1 Personal Files in the Henry A. Gleason Correspondence folder.
|The collection is organized into five series:|
|Series 1: Personal Files. 1915-1969. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 2: Columbia U. Dept. of Botany. 1931-1968. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 3: Manuscripts and Publications. 1931-1964. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 4: Research Files. 1932-1966. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 5: Theses. 1937-1971. Arranged chronologically.|
This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
|The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.|
|Curtis, Carlton C. (Carlton Clarence), b. 1864.|
|Marvin, James Wallace, 1909-|
|Botany -- Study and teaching -- New York (N.Y.)|
|Cytology -- Research.|
|Matzke, Edwin Bernard 1902-1969 -- Archives.|
|New York Botanical Garden Archives.|
|Plant cells and tissues.|
|Wood, H.C. (Horatio C.), 1841-1920. Contribution to the history of the fresh-water algae of North America -- Illustrations.|
Edwin Bernard Matzke Papers (PP), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.
The Edwin Bernard Matzke Papers were donated to the New York Botanical Garden with Dr. Matzke's Library. A list of the books retained is found in the Vertical Files in the Edwin B. Matzke folder.
Originally processed by Laura Zelasnic, Project Archivist, May 2000, with grant funding from The National Endowment for the Humanities. (NEH-PA 23141-98). Converted to EAD in July 2006 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).
Series 1. Personal Files.
Scope and Content:
This series contains material saved by Dr. Matzke from his coursework at Columbia University, his diplomas from elementary school through his Ph.D., memorabilia from his travels including a journal and personal correspondence. A manuscript outline prospectus for the new Britton and Brown Illustrated Flora is found in the Henry A. Gleason correspondence. Other correspondence is found in Series 2: Columbia U. Dept. of Botany, 1931-1968; Manuscripts and Publications, 1931-1964; and Research Files, 1932-1966. Photographs include pictures of his residences in the Bronx and unidentified snapshots. Other photographs are found in Research Files, 1932-1966; Manuscripts and Publications, 1931-1964; Research Files, 1932-1966; and Theses, 1937-1971.
|1.2||Morris High School Graduation Program||1920|
|1.3||Certificate, University Scholarship||1920|
|1.4||Coursework, Botany 1 Notebook||1920-1921|
|1.5||Coursework, Botany 1 Sketchbook||1921|
|1.6||Coursework, Zoology 1 & 2, Notebooks||1921-1922|
|1.7||Coursework, Zoology 1 & 2, Sketchbook||1921-1922|
|1.8||Coursework, Botany 3 & 4, Notebook||1921-1922|
|1.9||Coursework, Botany 113 & 114, Notebook||1922-1923|
|1.10||Coursework, Botany 113 & 114, Sketchbook||1922-1923|
|1.11||Coursework, Mycology Notebook||1923-1924|
|1.12||Coursework, Mycology Drawings||1923-1924|
|1.13||Coursework, Zoology 101 & 102, Sketches||1923-1924|
|1.14||Coursework, Nature in Chaucer, Spencer and Shakespeare||1924|
|1.15||Coursework, Literature Notebook||n.d.|
|1.16||Coursework, Chemistry 3||1924-1925|
|1.17||Coursework, Chemistry 3, Lab Book||1924-1925|
|1.18||Coursework, Zoology 51||n.d.|
|1.19||Coursework, Zoology Drawings||n.d.|
|1.20||Coursework, Botany Notebook||1927|
|1.21||Coursework, Botany Notebook||1927-1928|
|1.22||Coursework, Botany 3 Notebook||1931-1932|
|1.23||Coursework, Morphology of Angiosperms Notebook||1932-1933|
|1.24||Coursework, Botany Notebook||n.d.|
|1.25||Coursework, Botany Notebooks||n.d.|
|1.26||Coursework, Chemistry 41 Notebook||n.d.|
|1.27||Coursework, Cytology Notebook||n.d.|
|1.28||Coursework, Mitosis in Onion||n.d.|
|1.29||Cutting Traveling Fellowship Application||ca. 1927|
|1.31||Certificate, American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow||1931-1932|
|1.32||Torrey Botanical Club, 75th Anniversary Celebration||1942|
|1.33||Torrey Botanical Club, Andrews Fund||1948-1949|
|1.34||Torrey Botanical Club, Reports||1940-1952|
|1.35||Havana Cuba Postcards||ca. 1954|
|1.37||Correspondence, Bold, Harold C.||1929-1944/1969|
|2.1||Crockett, Lawrence J.||1965|
|2.2||Curtis, Carlton C.||1930-1950|
|2.5||Gleason, H. A.||1939|
|2.12||Selective Service Correspondence||1942-1944|
|5.1||Certificate, St. Augustine Sunday School||1915|
|5.2||Certificate, P.S. 53 Diploma||1916|
|5.3||Certificate, Morris [High School] Service League||1920|
|5.4||Certificate, Columbia University, BA||1924|
|5.5||Certificate, Columbia University, Ph.D.||1930|
Series 2. Columbia U. Dept. of Botany.
Scope and Content:
This series contains administrative papers and correspondence generated during Matzke's association with the Departments of Botany and Biology at Columbia University as a Professor and as Head of the Department. A copy of the deed donating the Lamont Sanctuary to Columbia University is found in this series. Other correspondence is found in Personal Files, 1915-1969; Manuscripts and Publications, 1931-1964; and Research Files, 1932-1966.
|2.15||Research Program of the Laboratory of Plant Morphology||ca. 1948|
|2.16||Seminar, Origin of Life in the Universe||1956-1964|
|2.17||Administrative Papers||ca. 1941|
|2.18||Saga of a Field Trip||1941|
|2.19||Frank D. Fackenthal Testimonial||1948|
|2.27||Correspondence, Sheehan, R. J.||1946|
|2.29||Correspondence, Torrey, R.H.||1931-1939|
Series 3. Manuscripts and Publications.
Scope and Content:
This series holds manuscripts and correspondence related to Professor Matzke's publications from his Ph.D. Dissertation to his later work on liverwort culture. Included here are the manuscripts for a series of Encyclopedia American entries. The checklist of Salgado drawings is related to an unidentifiable manuscript. Also included here are manuscripts of Matzke's speeches and his poetry and fiction. Photographs and line drawings are filed with appropriate manuscripts.
|2.33||Ph.D. Dissertation, "Morphological Study of the Variations in Stella Acquatica…" Drafts and Notes||1930|
|2.34||Ph.D. Dissertation, "Morphological Study of the Variations in Stella Acquatica…" Drafts and Notes||1930|
|2.35||Ph.D. Dissertation, "Morphological Study of the Variations in Stella Acquatica…" Drafts and Notes||1930|
|3.1||Orthic Tetrakaidecahedron Model Layout||1931|
|3.3||Volume Shape Relationships in Lead Shot and Their Bearing on Cell Shape||1939|
|3.5||Fiction and Poetry||1942-1955|
|3.6||Soap Bubble for Grown Boys and for Engineering||ca. 1943|
|3.7||Concept of Cells Held by Hooke and Grew||1943|
|3.8||Were Hook's Boxes Empty Cells||1943|
|2.9||Harper, Robert Almer Memorial||1946|
|3.10||Columbia U. Newman Club Address||1948|
|3.11||"In the Twinkling of an Eye"||1950|
|3.12||Minimal Tetrakaidecahedra in the Leaf Parenchyma of Rhoeo Discolor, Review||1950|
|3.13||Checklist of E. Salgado Drawings||1952-1954|
|3.14||Encyclopedia Americana Articles, A-B||1953-1963|
|3.15||Encyclopedia Americana Articles, C-L||1951-1963|
|3.16||Encyclopedia Americana Articles, M-Z||1951-1963|
|3.17||Encyclopedia American Articles, Correspondence||1950-1964|
|3.18||History of Botany at Columbia, 1754-1953||1953|
|3.19||History of Botany at Columbia, 1754-1953, Sources||1953|
|3.20||Interrelationship between Orthic Tetrakaidecahedra and Rhombic Dodecahedra in Aggregation Series, (Matzke & Naum)||1955|
|3.21||Three-dimensional Shape of Interphase cells within the Apical Meristem of Anacharis densa, (Matzke & Duffy)||1955|
|3.22||Progressive Three-dimensional Shape Changes of Dividing Cells Within the Apical Meristem of Anacharis densa, ( Matzke & Duffy)||1956|
|3.23||American Journal of Botany Reviews||1956-1965|
|3.24||Samuel F. Trelease Obituary||1958|
|3.25||Peering into the Future||1959|
|3.26||Plant Marvels in Miniature, Correspondence||1960-1961|
|3.27||Experiments on Crown Gall||1961-1964|
|3.28||Aseptic Culture of Liverworts in Microphytotrons||1964|
|3.29||3 Dimensional Configuration Gradients in Cells Within the Apical Meristem During Mitosis||n.d.|
|3.30||3 Dimensional Shapes of Cells in Tissues||n.d.|
|3.31||Role of Surface Forces in 3 Dimensional Shape Determination, Sources||n.d.|
|3.32||Cell Shape Illustrations||n.d.|
|3.33||Wood Characters & Species Characters in the White Pines of Commerce||n.d.|
|5.6||Plates, Astrangia Danae (1889)||1936|
|5.7||Plates, Clark's Haliclystus Auricula (1889)||1936|
|5.8||Plates, Wood's History of the Fresh-Water Algae of North America (1873) ||1936|
Series 4. Research Files.
Scope and Content:
This series contains original material, publication notes, mathematical calculations and correspondence related to Matzke's research on cell structure. Correspondence in this series underscores his wide range of interests in cellular zoology and geology as well as in botany. The material from H.A. Gleason is a prospectus for a revision of Britton & Brown's Illustrated Flora.
|3.36||German News Clippings||1935-1944|
|3.39||Anther and Root Studies||1939-1959|
|3.41||Nucleic Acids||ca. 1949|
|3.42||Smith, C.S. Grain Shape in an Aluminum Alloy||1952|
|3.43||Electron Microscopy||ca. 1952|
|3.45||Mistaire Labs Fern Symposium||1955|
|3.47||Color in Hydrangea||ca. 1957|
|3.50||Satterly, J. Moments of Inertia of Some Polyhedra||1958|
|3.51||Coxeter, H.M.S., Close-Packing & Froth||1958-1959|
|3.53||Liverwort Culture, Blasia pucilla Experiments||1961|
|3.54||Notes on Sea Lamprey Larvae||ca. 1961|
|4.4||Correspondence, Lewis, F.T.||1927-1952|
Series 5. Theses.
Scope and Content:
This series holds the work of Dr. Matzke's students at Columbia and Fordham. Matzke established long term relationships with some of these students and correspondence from them is found in Personal Files, 1915-1969 under Correspondence. Ph.D.theses were transferred to the NYBG Library, General Collection in 1971.
|4.7||Acconci, T.F.D. Microsporogenesis in Begonia Semper Florens (Columbia)||1937|
|4.8||Vivian, V.E., Symmetry Studies in Sagina (Columbia)||1940|
|4.8||McNicholas, J.J., 3-Dimensional Shape of Pith Cells of Giant Ragweed (Columbia)||1941|
|4.10||Anderson, J.M., Study in Phylogenic Taxonomy (Columbia)||1942|
|4.11||Dodd, J.D., 3-Dimensional Cell Shape in the Carpel Vesicles of Citrus Grandis (Columbia)||1943|
|4.12||Northrup, S.M., Cell Shape Study of 3 Mosses (Fordham)||1944|
|4.13||Witte, M.B., Comparative Study of Cell Shapes in Liverworts (Fordham)||1944|
|4.14||Campbell, J.A., Cell Shapes in Liverworts||1943|
|4.15||Janiger, O., Cytological Changes in Gland Cells of Dionae Muscipula During Digestion (Columbia)||1946|
|4.16||Morris, Y. Aseptic Culture and Ontogeny of 5 Species of Leafy Liverworts (Columbia)||1961-1963|
|4.17||Bateman, S.D., Morphology of the Adult Sporophyte of Ophiglossum engelmanni prantl (Columbia)||n.d.|
|4.18||Hollinghurst, H.M.P., Abscission Layer of Flowers of Begonia Semper Florens (Columbia)||n.d.|