John Torrey Papers (PP)


Archives, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
The New York Botanical Garden
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Bronx, New York 10458-5126
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This finding aid was produced in English.

Finding aid produced using NoteTab Pro


Collectors: Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
Title: John Torrey Papers (PP)
Dates: 1788-1871
Dates: bulk, 1806-1871
Quantity: 5.5 linear feet; 11 boxes
Call Phrase: Torrey (PP)

Biography of John Torrey

John Torrey was born in New York on August 15th, 1796. As a youth he collected and observed the plants of the vicinity of New York. When he was 15 years old, his father was appointed Fiscal Agent of the State Prison of New York. It was there that he met Amos Eaton, a pioneer in natural science education, who was said to be in prison for his debt. Eaton encouraged Torrey's interest in mineralogy and chemistry. In 1815 Torrey began his study at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. By 1817 he was appointed by the Lyceum of Natural History to prepare The Catalogue of the Plants Growing Within Thirty Miles of New York. He received his medical degree in 1818 and opened a medical practice in New York, continuing to spend his leisure time with other scientific pursuits, particularly botany.

In 1824, Torrey accepted a position as Professor of chemistry, mineralogy and geology at the Military Academy at West Point, where he was also Assistant Surgeon. Three years later, he accepted the position as chair of Chemistry and Botany at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York.

Eventually growing dissatisfied with the Linnean system he wrote a compendium using Lindleys’ newer natural system in which plants were arranged by families. He became one of the first botanists to apply this concept to a large work, his “Compendium” of the Flora of the Northern States. In 1831, Torrey supervised the publication an American reprint of the first edition of Lindleys’ Introduction to the Natural System of Botany, and appended a catalogue of the North American genera arranged according to it.

As his reputation grew, renowned botanists entrusted specimens to him for identification. His own investigations extended to the great plains and the Rocky Mountains on their Western boundary having been furnished with the collections of Dr Edwin James, botanist of Major Long’s expedition in 1820. As early as 1823, Torrey reported descriptions of some new species from the expedition, to the Lyceum of Natural History. He took and early interest in the genus Carex and was asked by Von Schweinitz to edit his monograph of North American Carices.

Because of his reputation and his early interest in the New York State Flora, in 1836, upon the organization of a geological survey of the State of New York, Torrey was appointed Botanist, requiring him to prepare a Flora of the State. A Flora of the State of New York was published in 1843 and was the largest single work of its kind published at the time. In addition to his posts as State Botanist and chair in the Medical College, Dr. Torrey felt obliged to accept a similar position at Princeton College.

Despite his professional engagements, his contributions to the Flora of North America held a prominent role in his life including identifying and preparing descriptions for plants collected during the Surveys for the Pacific Railroad routes [Botany of the Pacific Railroad Surveys] and the Mexican Boundary Survey, as well as the expeditions of Stephen Long, Joseph Nicollet, John Fremont, William Emory, L. Sitgreaves, Howard Stansbury, and Randolph Marcy and Charles Wilkes.

When the Government Assay Office in New York was established, Torrey was selected by the Secretary of the Treasury to become Superintendent, a position he declined, accepting a less prominent post within the same office. He held this position until his death on March 10th, 1873.

Dr. John Torrey was a member of a number of scientific societies in American and Europe. He was a corporate member of the National Academy at Washington and presided over the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and twice elected President of the New York Lyceum of Natural History. Long considered the chief of American botanists, he was a gifted teacher, an indefatigable investigator and a genial and unselfish individual who won the affection of all that knew him.


Scope and Content

The collection consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence, pertaining mostly to Torrey’s work as a botanist and professor. Much of the scientific correspondence is in regard to identification of plants from the vast interior of the continent from government sponsored expeditions. Unrelated letters to and from other correspondents (some of which pre-date Torrey’s birth) are also in the collection. It is unclear how Torrey came into possession of these letters.

The collection also contains plant lists, collecting localities, botanical notes and correspondence with Asa Gray, from John Fremont’s expeditions of 1842 and 1843.

Manuscripts of Torrey’s Florula Princetoniana and Calendarium florae for the vicinity of New York have been cataloged and reside in the Rare Book Room. The collection also contains some artwork drawn by John Torrey himself and other drawings he used as a reference for his identification work. The artwork from Torrey’s Plants of New York for the Cabinet at Albany and Genera of Fungi were drawn by John Torrey. Other drawings include “Figures of Hepaticae” copied from Hooker’s great work”. The artwork has been removed to the Art and Illustration collection – Collection #60). One artifact, John Torrey’s vasculum, is also contained within the collection.


Arrangement

The collection is organized into seven series:
Series 1: Correspondence: Incoming correspondence. Arranged alphabetically. Outgoing correspondence. Arranged alphabetically by recipient. 1818-1873.
Series 2: Unrelated letters –(to and from others) 1768-1859.
Series 3: Botanical miscellany- notes and varia. 1784-1853.
Series 4: Fremont expedition. 1843-1853.
Series 5: Manuscripts and Artwork.
Series 6: Artifacts. n.d.


Restrictions

Access restrictions

This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.


Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Persons
Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857.
Darlington, William, 1782-1863.
Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867.
Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842.
Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887.
Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
Gray, Asa, 1810-1888.
Greene, Benjamin Daniel.
Greville, Robert Kaye, 1794-1866.
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878.
Holton, Isaac F. (Isaac Farwell)
Hooker, William Jackson, Sir, 1785-1865.
Knieskern, Peter D., 1798-1871.
Parry, Charles Christopher, 1823-1890.
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840.
Schweinitz, Lewis David von, 1780-1834.
Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864.
Subjects
Botany -- West (U.S.) -- History -- 19th century.
Darlingtonia californica.
New York Botanical Garden Archives.
Torrey, John, 1796-1873 -- Archives.
West (U. S.) -- Discovery and exploration.


Related Material

The New York Botanical Garden

PP--Baldwin, Wm.

PP--Schweinitz, Lewis David von

PP--Leggett, William

RA--Torrey Botanical Club Records

Art and Illustration Coll. --drawings from the Pacific R.R. reports

Missouri Botanical Garden

George Engelmann Papers

Harvard University

Asa Gray Papers

Smithsonian Institution

Joseph Henry Papers

Yale University

Silliman Family Papers. 1819-1864

William Hemsley Emory Papers, 1811-1887

Daniel Cady Eaton Papers

American Philosophical Society

John Torrey Papers, 1819-1864

Charles Witkins Short, Corresp. 1813-1867

C.S. Rafinesque, Correspondence and writings. 1808-1840.

Asa Gray Papers

University of Rochester

Chester Dewey Papers, Rush Rhees Library

Duke University

John Torrey papers, 1818-1862? and undated, Rubenstein Library


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John Torrey Papers (PP), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.

Acquisition Information

The bulk of the collection was transferred to the NYBG from Columbia University when the Torrey herbarium and library were transferred. Additions were incorporated over the years by purchases N.L. Britton and J.H. Barnhart, and donations from the collection of J.J. Crooke. A few items were donated by Raymond Torrey and others letters were removed from (NYBG) herbarium specimens and incorporated into the collection.

Processing Information

Originally processed by Susan Fraser, NYBG Archivist, October 2000, with grant funding from The National Endowment for the Humanities. (NEH-PA 23141-98). Converted to EAD in August 2006 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).


Container List

 

Series 1. Correspondence; Incoming and Outgoing.

Scope and Content:

Incoming correspondence:

Correspondence of botanical interest from over 350 correspondents including students and colleagues. Notable correspondents include George Bentham, Jacob Bigelow, John Carey, Alvan Wentworth Chapman, William Cooper, Moses Curtis Ashley, William Darlington, Chester Dewey, Andrew Jackson Downing, Elie Durand, Amos Eaton, William Emory, George Englemann, Asa Gray, Joseph Henry, William Hooker, Peter Knieskern, Charles Parry, John Riddell, Lewis David von Schweinitz, Benjamin Silliman and Edward Tuckerman.

Outgoing correspondence:

Correspondence from John Torrey to friends and colleagues, pertaining to botanical topics including publications and plant identifications particularly from botanical explorations of the Southwestern and Western U.S.

Folder Title Date
1.1 Abbott, Austin 1822
1.2 Abert, James William 1847
1.3 Agardh, C. 1870-1871
1.4 Agardh, Carl Adolf 1819
1.5 Agardh, Jacob Georg 1839
1.6 Aiken, William Edward Augustin 1830-1862
1.7 Alden, Bradford Ripley 1832-1834
1.8 Alioth, Friedrich Siegmund 1872
1.9 Alvord, Benjamin 1842-1854
1.10 Andrews, Timothy Langdon 1850-1855
1.11 Antisell, Thomas 1853-1861
1.12 Arnott, George Arnott Walker 1832-1849
1.13 Bache, Alexander Dallas 1843
1.14 Bachman, John 1840
1.15 Bailey, Jacob Whitman 1836-1857
1.16 Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1851-1860
1.17 Baldwin, William 1815-1818
1.18 Baltzell, George F. 1838
1.19 Barratt, Joseph 1827-1846
1.20 Bartlett, William Holms Chambers 1842-1843
1.21 Beardslee, Henry Curtis 1843-1879
1.22 Bebb, Michael Schuck 1871
1.23 Beck, Lewis Caleb 1819
1.24 Beckwith, Edward Griffin 1854-1855
1.25 Bennett, Alva 1836
1.26 Bentham, George 1823-1857
1.27 Bigelow, Artemas 1855
1.28 Bigelow, Jacob 1820-1824
1.29 Bigelow, John Milton 1840-1865
1.30 Binder, Nicolas 1836
1.31 Birdsall, B. 1827
1.32 Blake, William Phipps 1855-1856
1.33 Blodgett, John Loomis 1845
1.34 Bloomer, Hiram G. 1861
1.35 Bogenhard, Carl 1852-1853
1.36 Bolander, Henry Nicholas 1865-1871
1.37 Bolton, James 1852
1.38 Boott, Francis 1821-1851
1.39 Boott, William 1842
1.40 Bory de Saint-Vincent, Jean Baptiste 1846
1.41 Boykin, Samuel 1835-1847
2.1 Brace, John Pierce 1821-1841
2.2 Brackenridge, William Dunlop 1847-1855
2.3 Brereton, John Andrew 1834
2.4 Bromfield, William Arnold 1850
2.5 Brown, Robert 1833
2.6 Buckley, Samuel Botsford 1838-1883
2.7 Bull, B. 1852
2.8 Burke, Joseph 1853
2.9 Burrows, E. 1834
2.10 Canby, William Maarriott 1864-1869
2.11 Candolle, Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyramus de 1863
2.12 Carey, John 1835-1853
2.13 Carey, Samuel Thomas 1836-1853
2.14 Carpenter, William Marbury 1839-1840
2.15 Carson, Joseph 1864
2.16 Case, Loyal 1851
2.17 Caspary, Johann Xaver Robert 1858
2.18 Cattell, William Cassidy 1852
2.19 Chapman, Alvan Wentworth 1835-1851
2.20 Cheney, Theseus Apoleon 1862
2.21 Chilton, James R. 1853
2.22 Choisy, Jacques Denis 1840
2.23 Christy, William 1833-1837
2.24 Clapp, Asahel 1836-1840
2.25 Clarke, Benjamin 1859
2.26 Clarke, Walter 1861
2.27 Clinton, George William 1828-1869
2.28 Colby, Isaac 1840
2.29 Coley, Charles H. 1853
2.30 Collins, Zaccheus 1817-1819
2.31 Conover, V. 1852
2.32 Cooper, James Graham 1865-1868
2.33 Cooper, William 1821-1830
2.34 Coultas, Harland 186?
2.35 Cozzens, Frederick S. 1825
2.36 Craighead, R. 184?
2.37 Crawe, Ithamar Bingham 1827-1836
2.38 Croom, Hardy Bryan 1834-1837
2.39 Currey, Richard O. 1839
2.40 Curtis, Moses Ashley 1833-1851
2.41 Curtiss, Allen Hiram 1869
2.42 Dall, William Healey 1866
2.43 Darby, John 1841
2.44 Darlington, William 1817-1853
2.45 Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle 183?-1858
2.46 Davis, Emerson 1825
2.47 Davis, Nancy Jane 1869
2.48 Decaisne, Joseph 1842-1868
2.49 DesVaux, Nicaise Auguste 1825
3.1 Dewey, Chester 1818-1862
3.2 Dix, Dorothy Lynde 1832-183?
3.3 Dix, John Adams 1836
3.4 Douglass, David Bates 1821
3.5 Downing, Andrew Jackson 1833-1847
3.6 Drayton, J. 1847-1850
3.7 Duby, Jean Etienne 184?
3.8 Dunlap, T. 1841
3.9 Durand Elie Magloire 1832-1866
3.10 Eaton, Amos 1816-1840
3.11 Eaton, Daniel Cady 1856-1860
3.12 Eaton, Hesekiah Hulbert 1831
3.13 Edgar, John 1849
3.14 Edwards, Lewis Allison 1849
3.15 Eights, James 1838
3.16 Elliott, Stephen 1818-1823
3.17 Emmons, Ebeneser 1828-1846
4.1 Emory, William Hemsley 1847-1857
4.2 Endicott, George 1842
4.3 Endicott, William, & Co. 1850
4.4 Engelmann, George 1844-1862
4.5 Featherman, Americus 1870
4.6 Fischer, Friedrich Ernst Ludwig von 1836-1842
4.7 Fitch, Augustus 185?
4.8 Forbes, S. 186?
4.9 Foreman, Edward 1852
4.10 Forward, Walter 1843
4.11 Freedley, Samuel 1827
4.12 Fremont, John Charles 1842-1849
4.13 Fremont, Jesse Benton 1847-1849
4.14 Gale, Leonard Dunnell 1853
4.15 Geyer, Carl Andreas 1843
4.16 Gibbes, Lewis Reeve 1838-1845
4.17 Gibbs, George 1854
4.18 Gilliss, James Melville 1854-1856
4.19 Gingins de Lassaraz, Frederic Charles Jean 1827
4.20 Girard, Charles Frederic 1853
4.21 Gould, John Stanton 1869
4.22 Graham, James Duncan 1852
4.23 Graham, Robert 1836
4.24 Graves, Charles V. 1853
4.25 Gray, Andrew Belcher 1856
4.26 Gray, Asa 1831-1874
4.27 Gray, H. 1831
4.28 Gray, Jane 1849-1850
4.29 Green, Caleb 1893
4.30 Green, Jacob 1832
4.31 Greene, Benjamin Daniel 1829-1844
4.32 Greene, Edward Lee 1872
4.33 Greene, Thomas Arnold 1827-1832
4.34 Greville, Robert Kaye 1820-1849
4.35 Griffith, Robert Eglesfeld 1847
4.36 Guyot, Arnold Henry 1854
5.1 Hadley, James 1841
5.2 Hale, Josiah 1838
5.3 Hall, James 1870
5.4 Halsey, Abraham 1825-1836
5.5 Halsted, Mina B. 1844-1854
5.6 Harvey, William Henry 1850
5.7 Hearsey, Isaac Patten 1831
5.8 Henry, Joseph 1834-1861
5.9 Henry, Thomas Charlton 1854
5.10 Hilgard, Theodore Charles 1857
5.11 Hincks, William 184?
5.12 Hitchcock – Edward 1819-1848
5.13 Hochstein, Atnon 1857
5.14 Hogg, James 1836
5.15 Holmes, Andrew Fernando 1827-1857
5.16 Holt, Joseph 1857-1858
5.17 Holton, Isaac Farwell 1840-1869
5.18 Hooker, Charles 183?
5.19 Hooker, Joseph Dalton 1866
5.20 Hooker, William Jackson 1821-1857
5.21 Hopkins, Albert 1838
5.22 Houghton – Douglass 1832-1839
5.23 Hulse, Gilbert White 1836-1841
5.24 Humphreys, Andrew Atkinson 1855
5.25 Hunter, Cyrus L. 1843
5.26 Ingalls, Thomas Russell 1834
5.27 Ives, Joseph Christmas 1857
5.28 Jagaer, Benedict 1837-1840
5.29 James, Edwin 1854
5.30 Janin, L. 1828
5.31 Jardin, Desire Edelestan Stanislas Aime 1862
5.32 Jarvis, Nathan Sturges 1834
5.33 Johnson, Esekiel Porter 1831-1842
5.34 Johnston, John 1839-1857
5.35 Jussieu, Adrien Henri Laurent de 1836-1852
5.36 Kellog, Albert 1836
5.37 Kinnicutt, John 1827
5.38 Knevels, John n.d.
5.39 Knieskern, Peter D. 1836-1858
6.1 Laning, Enoch 1851-1859
6.2 Lapham, Increase Allen 1838-1842
6.3 La Taste, L. 1838
6.4 Lawrence J. 1836-1845
6.5 Lawson, George 1863
6.6 Lea, Thomas Gibson 1839
6.7 Leavenworth, Melines Conklin 1836-1845
6.8 Le Conte, John 1857
6.9 Le Conte, John Eatton 1852
6.10 Le Conte, John Lawrence 1866
6.11 Lehmann, Johann Georg Christian 1836-1840
6.12 Leitner, Edward F. 1832
6.13 Lenormand, Sebastian Rene 1863
6.14 Lesquereux, Charles Leo 1852
6.15 Lindley, John 1834-1837
6.16 Lindsay, William Lauder 1866
6.17 Locke, John 1854
6.18 Long, Stephen Harriman (+ Mss. ) 1819
6.19 Loomis, Harris 1834-1836
6.20 Loudon, John Claudius 1841
6.21 Lowell, John Amory 1846
6.22 Lowrie, Reuben 1852
6.23 Lundgren, J. 1852
6.24 Macglagan, Philip Whiteside 1853
6.25 Macgowan, Daniel Jerome 1853
6.26 Mackay, James Townsend 1838
6.27 McMinn, J. 1843-1869
6.28 McMurtrie, Henry 1829
6.29 McRee, James Fergus 1833
6.30 Mann, Horace 1866
6.31 Marcy, Randolph Barnes 1852
6.32 Marcy, William Learned 1836
6.33 Martius, Carl Friedrich Philipp von 1839
6.34 Maximowicz, Carl Johann 1867
6.35 Mead, Samuel Barnum 1841-1847
6.36 Meigs, J. 1858
6.37 Meissner, Carl Friedrich 1872
6.38 Menand, Louis 1841-1842
6.39 Mercier, Philippe 1826
6.40 Merriam, Edward D. 1853
6.41 Miers, John 1856
6.42 Mitchell, Mrs. Samuel 1834
6.43 Moore, Thomas 1859
6.44 Muller, Jean 1873
6.45 Murray, Amelia M. 1855
6.46 Naudin, Charles Victor n.d.
6.47 Nees von Esenbeck, Christian Gottfried 1837-1854
6.48 Neisler, Hugh Mitchell 1853-1854
6.49 Newberry, John Strong 1856-1862
6.50 Nicol, William 1837
6.51 Nicollet, Joseph Nicholas 1841-1843
6.52 North, Nelson Luther 1853
6.53 Nuttall, Thomas 1820-1838
6.54 Oakes, William 1823-1841
6.55 Olney, Stephen Thayer 1845-1871
6.56 Paddock, Jonathan Roberts 1838-1840
6.57 Paine, John Alsop 1860
6.58 Paine, Martyn 1856
6.59 Palmer, Edward 1867
6.60 Parry, Charles Christopher 1846-1868
6.61 Parsons, Samuel Bowne 1853-1858
6.62 Pearson, Jonathan 1844
6.63 Peck, Charles Horton 1870
6.64 Percival, Mrs 1837?-1840?
6.65 Perrine, Henry 1832-1838
6.66 Peter, Robert 1836
6.67 Pickering, Charles 1833-1836
6.68 Piper, Richard Upton 1855
6.69 Pitcher, Zina 1839-1834
7.1 Plowright, Charles Bagge 1886
7.2 Pope, John 1854
7.3 Porcher, Francis Peyre 1847
7.4 Porter, C. 1863
7.5 Porter, Jacob 1832-1834
7.6 Porter, Thomas Conrad 1869-1870
7.7 Prestele, Joseph 1845-1858
7.8 Prince, William Robert 1849-1861
7.9 Prior, Richard Chandler Alexander 1855
7.10 Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel 1819-1840
7.11 Ravenel, Henry William 1848-1869
7.12 Rawolle, Charles 1858
7.13 Redfield, John Howard 1850-1872
7.14 Regel, Eduard August von 1840?
7.15 Reichenbach, Heinrich Gustav 1852
7.16 Riddell, John Leonard 1833-1838
7.17 Riley, Henry Augustus 1850
7.18 Riocreux, Alfred 1855
7.19 Robbins, James Watson 1828-1830
7.20 Rogers, John Smyth 1827
7.21 Rowland, Edward 1839
7.22 Ruffner, Henry 1837
7.23 Rugel, Ferdinand 1847
7.24 Russell, John Lewis 1838
7.25 Sagot, Paul Antoine 1866
7.26 Samples, John 1839
7.27 Sartwell, Henry Parker 1837-1853
7.28 Schanck, John Stillwell 1855-1857
7.29 Schott, Arthur Carl Victor 1851-1869
7.30 Schultz, Carl Heinrich 1853-1860
7.31 Schweinitz, Lewis David von 1820-1832
7.32 Scouler, John 1849
7.33 Sellwood, Henry 1853
7.34 Shecut, John Linnaeus Edward Whitridge 1816
7.35 Shepard, Charles Upham 1829
7.36 Short, Charles Wilkins 1834-1857
7.37 Silliman, Benjamin 1819-1848
7.38 Silliman, Benjamin, Jr.– 1856-1859
7.39 Sitgreaves, Lorenzo 1853
7.40 Smith, Daniel B. 1827-1865
7.41 Smith, James Edward 1821
7.42 Smith, Oliver 1835
7.43 Smith, Thomas Buckingham 1850-1868
7.44 Smith, William Manlius 1846
7.45 Solms-Laubach, Hermann Maximilian Carl Ludwig Friedrich zu 1866
7.46 Sprengel, Curt Polycarp Jaochim 1820
7.47 Stansbury, Howard 1850-1852
7.48 Steinhauer, Daniel 1839
7.49 Seinhauer, Henry 1816
7.50 Stenhammar, Carl 1825
7.51 Steudel, Ernst Gottlieb von 1844
7.52 Stevenson, Matthew 1818-1828
7.53 Stillman, Jacob Davis Babcock 1850
7.54 Stokes, Jonathan 1823
7.55 Stretch, Richard Harper 1865
7.56 Stuart, George 1852
7.57 Sullivant, William Starling 1838-1869
8.1 Teschemacher, James Englebert 1840-1842
8.2 Thiebaut de Berneaud, Arsenne 1823
8.3 Thurber, George 1851-1869
8.4 Townsend, John Kirk 1841
8.5 Trecul, Auguste Adolphe Lucien 1848
8.6 Trinius, Carl Bernhard von 1834
8.7 Troost, Gerard 1824
8.8 Tuckerman, Edward 1838-1856
8.9 Tully, William 1840-1846
8.10 Van Cleve, John V. 1838
8.11 Vasey, George 1844
8.12 Ward, Nathaniel Bagshaw 1836
8.13 Watson, Sereno 1869-1870
8.14 Webb, Philip Barker 1841
8.15 Whipple, Amiel Weeks 1855
8.16 Whipple, Charles W. 1831
8.17 Whippo, Charles T. 1823
8.18 Wilkes, Charles 1847-1858
8.19 Williams, Samuel Wells 1836
8.20 Willis, Oliver Rivington 1843-1862
8.21 Wilson, Nathaniel 1862
8.22 Wislizenus, Friedrich Adolph 1848
8.23 Wolle, Jacob 1838
8.24 Wood, Alphonse 1868
8.25 Woodhouse, Samuel Washington 1852
8.26 Wright, Charles 1849-1869
8.27 Wright, John 1840-1841
8.28 Wright, Samuel Hart 1870
8.29 Young, Aaron 1847-1848
8.30 Zuccarini, Joseph Gerhard 1840
9.1 Benner, Robert 1844
9.2 Brackenridge, William D and Charles Wilkes – [photostats] originals at the Smithsonian n.d.
9.3 Carey, John n.d.
9.4 Eaton, Amos n.d.
9.5 Engelmann, George – [photostats] originals at the Missouri Botanical Garden n.d.
9.6 Gibbes, Lewis n.d.
9.7 Halsey, A n.d.
9.8 Miller, E.H. n.d.
9.9 Ogden, G.M. n.d.
9.10 Ravenel, H.W. n.d.
9.11 Silliman, Benjamin n.d.

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Series 2. Unrelated letters –(to and from others)

Scope and Content:

Letters to and from individuals other than John Torrey, found within or deposited in the Torrey collection. There are 38 folders with letters to 18 recipients.

Folder Title Date
9.12 Babbage, Charles from Benjamin Silliman 1833
9.13 Baldwin, William from William Darlington 1817-1819
9.14 Bailey, Jacob Whitman from Joseph Horace Eaton 1845
9.15 Bentham, George from Asa Gray 1849
9.16 Boott, John from Augusta Pyramus de Candolle 1836
9.17 Charlwood, George from Robert Sweet n.d.
9.18 Faraday, Michael from Benjamin Silliman 1833
9.19 Fredericks, C.D. from Aime Jacques Bonpland 1850
9.20 Gray, Asa from William Darlington 1848-1853
9.21 Gray, Asa from Charles Darwin 1859?
9.22 Gray, Asa from P.B. Delessert 1841
9.23 Gray, Asa from Ferdinand J.H. von Mueller n.d.
9.24 Hosack, David from Samuel Mitchell 1825
9.25 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Antoine Delarbe 1797
9.26 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Antoine N. Duchesne 179?
9.27 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Auguste Duvau 1828
9.28 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Antoine Gouan 1807
9.29 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Jean Felix Vincent Lamouroux n.d.
9.30 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Franz Carl Mertens 1820
9.31 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from F.B. Mirbel 1828
9.32 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Jean B. Mouget 1828
9.33 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Jean Louis Marie Poiret n.d.
9.34 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Pierre Andre Pourret de Figeac 1789
9.35 Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de from Jose Antonio Pavon n.d.
9.36 Lambere, M. from Jean Aublet 1768
9.37 Mitchell, Samuel from John Brickell 1808
9.38 Mitchell, Samuel from Daniel Drake 1820
9.39 Mitchell, Samuel from John Coakly Lettsom n.d.
9.40 Mitchell, Samuel from James MacBride n.d.
9.41 Mitchell, Samuel from Louis Valentin 1823
9.42 Mitchell, Samuel from Jacob Van Vleck 1809
9.43 Mitchell, Samuel from Benjamin Waterhouse 1826
9.44 Saunier, Michel at Michaux’s garden –from Michaux? n.d.
9.45 Turner, Edward from Benjamin Silliman 1833
9.46 Tilenau, Wilhlem T. von from Karl per Peter Thunberg 1841
9.47 Recipient unknown from Phillipe de Picot de Lapeyrouse 1785
9.48 Recipient unknown from Marc Antoine Louis Claret de Latourrette n.d.

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Series 3. Botanical miscellany

Scope and Content:

Notes, resolutions, obituaries and some subject files pertaining to botanical subjects. Of particular interest is a note “on the origin of Herbaria” by Ernest Meyer and Notes on the Darlingtonia californica.

Folder Title Date
9.49 Blume, Carl Ludwig von – signature ca. 1784-1853
9.50 Britton, Elizabeth – Notes on the A. Gray letters to Dr. Torrey ca. 1784-1853
9.51 Cutler, Manasseh – notes 1784
9.52 Commerson, Philibert – notes ca. 1784-1853
9.53 Gray, Asa - Charles Frederick Meissner obituary n.d.
9.54 Gray, Asa – obituary by Charles W. Eliot 1888
9.55 Schlectendal, Diederich Franz Leonard von – notes ca. 1784-1853
9.56 Notes on the Darlingtonia Californica by John Torrey ca. 1784-1853
9.57 “On the Darlingtonia Califonica, a new pitcher plant form Northern California” 1853
9.58 Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge. ca. 1784-1853
9.59 On the Origin of Hebaria ca. 1784-1853
9.60 Resolutions and committee appointments ca. 1784-1853
9.61 Extract – Minutes of the Bd. Of Managers of the NY Young Mens’ society 1831
9.62 Minutes of the Trustees of Columbia College 1860/1874
9.63 Portraits – Engraving, Samuel Mitchell n.d.
9.64 Portraits - Unidentified (2) n.d.

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Series 4. Fremont expedition.

Scope and Content:

Plant lists, notes and some letters relating to the 2nd and 3rd Fremont expeditions.

Folder Title Date
9.65 List of Plants 1843
9.66 Localities of Plants 1844
9.67 Plant lists and notes 1843-1844
9.68 List of Plants of Fremont Collections sent by Torrey to Engelmann Fall 1848
9.69 Numbers corresponding to labels on the plants 1845-1846
9.70 [List of] Explorers & travelers who have collected plants in California, Oregon, Washington Territory and Nevada. n.d.
9.71 List of Plants of an exploration from Fort Smith Ark., to San Pedro Cal. By Dr. Bigelow 1853
9.72 Gray, Asa – lists and letters regarding Fremont’s expeditions. n.d.

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Series 5. Manuscripts and Artwork.

Scope and Content:

Manuscripts of Torrey’s Florula Princetoniana and Calendarium florae for the vicinity of New York. The artwork includes the drawings from Torrey’s Plants of New York drawn by Torrey for the Cabinet at Albany. Other drawings include “Figures of Hepaticae” copied from Hooker’s great work” and Genera of Fungi by John Torrey and other small miscellaneous drawings. Of particular note is the original drawing of the Darlingtonia california (pitcher plant) by Sprague.

Box Title Date
10 Florula Princetoniana. Mss. (RBR QK130 .T6) n.d.
10 Calendarium florae for the vicinity of New York; Mss. (RBR QK129 .T58) 1818-1873
10 Figures of Hepaticae “copied from Hooker’s great work” (6 pcs.) n.d.
10 Plants of New York (from the Cabinet in Albany) (92 pcs.) n.d.
10 Genera of Fungi (15 pcs.) n.d.
10 Darlingtonia californica (2 pcs.) n.d.
10 Amaranthus pumilus (1 pc.) n.d.
10 Misc. (3 pcs.) n.d.

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Series 6. Artifacts.

Scope and Content:

John Torrey’s Vasculum – cylindrical, metal box for collecting plants and one hand painted Torrey family Coat of arms.

Box Title Date
10 Torrey Family Coat-of-Arms n.d.
11 John Torrey’s Vasculum – cylindrical, metal box for collecting plants. n.d.

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