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|Collectors:||Underwood, Lucien Marcus, 1853-1907.|
|Title:||Lucien Marcus Underwood Papers (PP)|
|Dates:||1882 - 1907|
|Quantity:||7.5 linear inches; 2 boxes|
|Call Phrase:||Underwood (PP)|
Lucien Marcus Underwood (1853-1907) was a botanist, educator, and founding member of the Board of Scientific Directors of the New York Botanical Garden. Underwood was born in New Woodstock, New York 26 October 1853. He obtained his M.S. (1878) and Ph.D. (1879) at Syracuse University. His doctoral thesis, later published, was The Geological Formations Crossed by the Syracuse and Chenango Valley Rail Road. During his graduate education he grew interested in the study of ferns (pteridology). In 1881 he published Our Native Ferns and How to Study Them, the first manual of North American ferns. This, as well as Moulds, Mildews, and Mushrooms (1899), achieved a popularity beyond the audience of professional botany.
Through the 1880s Underwood taught geology, botany, and natural science at several colleges and universities. Two notable appointments were Syracuse University (1883; 1887-1890) and DePauw University (1890-1895). At Syracuse he began to study the full scope of cryptogamic flora - the mosses, hepatics (liverworts), and fungi. With a Morgan Fellowship at Harvard University (1890) he studied the Sullivant and Taylor hepatic collections. Underwood’s authoritative publications on the hepaticae inspired an exhaustive study of the flora of North America, The Systematic Botany of North America (later known as North American Flora), that evolved into a major collaboration with Nathaniel Lord Britton and many American botanists.
Beginning in 1892 Underwood served on the Committee on Nomenclature of the American Association for the Advancement of Science that drafted the "Rochester Code" of botanic nomenclature. The committee elected Underwood as the American delegate to the International Botanic Congress in Genoa, Italy, where he took part in the decision to set 1753 as the date for officially establishing botanical names. In 1896 Underwood succeeded Britton as Professor of Botany at Columbia University and joined the staff of the NYBG. He participated in botanical expeditions to Puerto Rico, Cuba, Jamaica, and the Rocky Mountains and was elected to the NYBG Board of Scientific Directors, and served as chairman (1901-07). He contributed a section on pteridophyta to the Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora, was editor of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, and assisted in the founding of the Botanical Society of America.
Underwood's life ended in tragedy when he took his life in 1907. His sudden death dealt Britton a personal and professional blow, leaving a void in the NYBG directorship. Despite this misfortune, Lucien Underwood is rightly remembered for his scientific accomplishments, his dedication as an educator, and his critical role as a founding member of the NYBG.
The Lucien Marcus Underwood collection consists of correspondence, research papers, manuscripts, lecture notes, and artwork covering the latter part of his botanical career, including that with the NYBG. The research papers include specimen catalogues and lists, some of which relate to the Underwood collection of the NYBG herbarium. Underwood’s field notebooks are separated from the present collection and are located in the Collectors’ Field Notebook collection.
|The collection is organized into five series:|
|Series 1: Correspondence. 1883-1907. Arranged alphabetically.|
|Series 2: Research Papers. c 1890-1905. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 3: Manuscripts. 1882-1905. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 4: Lectures. 1895-1907.|
|Series 5: Photographs. c. 1894-98.|
This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
|The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.|
|Austin, C. F. (Coe Finch), 1831-1880.|
|Underwood, Lucien Marcus, 1853-1907.|
|Austin, C. F. (Coe Finch), 1831-1880. Artificial key to genera of California hepaticae.|
|Austin, C. F. (Coe Finch), 1831-1880. Notes on Jungermannia crenuliformis.|
|Austin, C. F. (Coe Finch), 1831-1880. Ricciaceae of North America.|
|Haynes, Caroline Coventry, 1858-1951. Hepaticae Americanae.|
|Hepaticae -- North America.|
|New York Botanical Garden Archives.|
New York Botanical Garden
RG4--Nathaniel Lord Britton Collection
RG4--Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton Collection
Underwood’s field notebooks are separated from the present collection and are located in the Collectors’ Field Notebook collection.
Lucien Marcus Underwood Papers (PP), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.
This collection was transferred to the New York Botanical Garden Archives.
Originally processed by David Rose, Archives Assistant, May 1999 (revised November 1999) with grant funding from The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 23141-98) and the Harriet Ford Dickenson Foundation. Converted to EAD in July 2006 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the. National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-PA 50678-04).
Series 1. Correspondence.
Scope and Content:
There are 11 files of correspondence, including that with Timothy F. Allen, Elizabeth and Nathaniel Britton, and Job Bicknell Ellis. One item appears in Series 5: Photographs (see below).
|1.1||Allen, Timothy F.||1883-1907|
|1.2||Britton, Elizabeth Gertrude||1883-1907|
|1.3||Britton, Nathaniel Lord||1883-1907|
|1.4||Cook, George H.||1883-1907|
|1.5||Dellenbaugh, Frederick S.||1883-1907|
|1.6||Ellis, Job Bicknell||1883-1907|
|1.7||Robinson, Winifred J.||1883-1907|
|1.9||A - Z||1883-1907|
|1.10||A - Z||1883-1907|
|1.11||A - Z||1883-1907|
Series 2. Research Papers.
Scope and Content:
This series includes descriptive notes, sketches, indices, synopses, and lists, primarily of ferns and Hepaticae. Of note are indices of several families of Hepaticae included in the North American Flora. There is an index to Ricciaceae specimens in the NYBG herbarium, published lists of exsiccati, and an annotated copy of Pier A. Saccardo’s Sylloge, Volume 6 “Hydnaceae” with a note of transmission by the mycologist Howard J. Banker. Field notebooks of collection data, Volumes 55, 56, 275, 276-277, 278, and 279-287 (1887-1906) are located in the Collectors’ Field Notebooks collection.
|1.12||Notes on Ferns||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.13||Notes on Gyrophragmium||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.14||Pencil sketches, Polysiphonia||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.15||Sequence of botanical papers||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.16||Jungermanniaceae, synopses of genera||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.17||Index Hepaticum (Ricciaceae, Marchantiaceae)||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.18||Indices to the Hepaticae of North American Flora||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.19||Notes on Hepaticae||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.20||List of western and southern Hepaticae in herbarium||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.21||Fungi Columbiani, centuries XXXV - LI, 1911-1917||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.22||Fungi Dakotensis, fascicles 3-7; 9-20; 22-26, 1909-1928||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.23||Pathological Herbarium Notes, USDA Office of Pathological Collections, 1920||ca. 1890-1905|
|1.24||Pier A. Saccardo, Sylloge, Volume 6 “Hydnaceae,” annotated copy||ca. 1890-1905|
|2.1||Index of names, Riccia||n.d.|
|2.2||List of specimens, Ricciaceae||n.d.|
|2.3||Hepaticae Americanae, list from C. C. Haynes||ca. 1896|
|2.4||Notes on Jungermannia crenuliformis by C. F. Austin||n.d.|
Series 3. Manuscripts.
Scope and Content:
There are five files relating to the Systematic Botany of North America, one a prospectus on the section Hepaticae (1895), and four of the families Jungermanniaceae, Marchantiaceae, Metzgeriaceae, and Ricciaceae. In each, species are described macroscopically and cytologically with literature citations and notes on geographical range. There are also six manuscripts of Coe Finch Austin, edited by Underwood.
|1.25||Prefatory note to work on Hepaticae by C. F. Austin (edited)||February, 1882|
|1.26||Hepaticae by C. F. Austin (edited)||n.d.|
|1.27||Systematic Botany of North America, Hepaticae, Prospectus||ca. 1882-1905|
|1.28||Systematic Botany of North America, Jungermanniaceae||ca. 1882-1905|
|1.29||Systematic Botany of North America, Marchantiaceae||ca. 1882-1905|
|1.30||Systematic Botany of North America, Metzgeriaceae||ca. 1882-1905|
|1.31||Systematic Botany of North America, Ricciaceae||ca. 1882-1905|
|1.32||The Underwood Collection (book list)||ca. 1882-1905|
|2.5||Artificial key to genera of California Hepaticae by C. F. Austin (edited)||February, 1882|
|2.6||Notes on Marchantiae by C. F. Austin (edited)||May, 1882|
|2.7||Ricciaceae of North America by C. F. Austin,||May, 1882|
|2.8||North American Ricciaceae by C. F. Austin||n.d.|
Series 4. Lectures.
Scope and Content:
There are three files relating to incidental lectures.
|1.33||The Evolution of Sex||1895|
|1.34||History of Botanical Gardens||ca. 1900|
Series 5. Photographs.
Scope and Content:
There are five photogravure plates of polypores from Photogravures of American Fungi [1894-1898] by C. G. Lloyd (issues #9, 10, 23, 24, 25) with an accompanying letter from the Heliotype Printing Co.
|2.9||Correspondence, Heliotype Printing Co., re: photogravure plates||17 April 1905|
|2.10||Plates (5), issues #9, 10, 23, 24, 25, Photogravures of American Fungi||n.d.|