Inside The New York Botanical Garden

From the Field: Paola Pedraza-Peñalosa in the Colombian Andes

Posted in From the Field, Paola Pedraza-Peñalosa, Science on March 7 2011, by Plant Talk

Ed. Note: NYBG Scientist and Assistant Curator, Institute of Systematic Botany, Paola Pedraza-Peñalosa recently returned from an expedition to the Colombian Andes where she was without electricity and the Internet. Upon returning to New York, she filed these briefs about her time in the field. Follow her journey on Plant Talk.

Standing in the dark.
Standing in the dark.

The Andes mountain chain, which crosses South America from north to south, is the longest in the world. The Andean forests of the northern range (Tropical Andes hotspot) are home to a level of plant diversity that is without match anywhere else in the world; they are also subject to high rates of deforestation, thus these forests are considered a top priority for conservation. Unfortunately, Andean forests remain insufficiently studied and protected. This lack of baseline information is often times the first impediment to effective conservation: It is impossible to efficiently protect what we do not know or understand.

To help fill these gaps, The New York Botanical Garden and the Universidad Nacional de Colombia have formed a partnership in order to inventory all the species of ferns, gymnosperms, and flowering plants of Las Orquídeas National Park, a forest reserve strategically located in the confluence of the Andean and Chocó biogeographic regions of Colombia.

Clean and fresh travelers
Clean and fresh travelers. First day, at La Encarnación. Top row: Alirio Montoya, Hector Velásquez, Javier Serna, Arley Duque, María Fernanda González, Camila González, Giovanny Giraldo, Fredy Gómez. Lower row: Felix Escobar, Julio Betancur, Paola Pedraza-Peñalosa.

January 24 – February 4: Plant inventory at Las Orquídeas National Park; Antioquia, Colombia

After 14 days collecting plants in the field, we returned to Bogotá, Colombia’s capital with nearly 700 plant collections, and more than 10,000 photographs. Behind us we left Las Orquídeas National Park‘s 32 thousand hectares of rare and endangered tropical and montane forests, which make it part of one of the most biologically rich ecosystems of the world: the Andean and Chocó forests. We left behind more than 2,000 species of vascular plants, some of them still unknown to the science and probably not found anywhere else.

Getting the mules and the equipment ready.
Getting the mules and the equipment ready.

The following is an account of how we got there, what we did, and why what we found is important.

January 24, 2011; Urrao, Antioquia
We started our expedition in Urrao, a charming town nested in the Valley of the Río Penderisco in northwestern Colombia, and about 12 hours away from Bogotá. We are a team of 11 people including park staff, a photographer, botanists, and botany students.

It is only 7 a.m. but we are already impatient to leave; our goal is to make it to the park’s field station before dark. The field station is far: First we have to drive to La Encarnación about two hours away, next we must unload and rearrange the luggage for the mules, and then hike for five to six hours. We have a long day ahead of us. There will be plenty of time for those riding to get acquainted with their mules; enough time for those on foot to cast envious looks at the riders when mistakenly thinking that going downhill on a mule for six hours is easy. Fortunately, we have the support of the park’s director and his team of park rangers, a friendly group of seasoned people; they have made this trip countless times. In the days to come we will spend lots of time together, mutually exchanging lessons about plants, evolution, and life in the great outdoors.

Lunch countryside style: Who said we needed plastic!
Lunch countryside style: Who said we needed plastic!

There is no electricity where we are going, no stores, no roads, no nothing; there is only forest. We have to take with us everything we might need. After much repacking and rebalancing the equipment on top of the mules, we finally headed for the field station after 2 p.m. Now there was no chance that we could make it before dark. There was nothing we could do; we had to sit back, relax, trust in the footing of our mules, let our guides take control, and enjoy the forest after dark. We made it to the cabin at 8:45 p.m. in a moonless night. We had to wait until the next day to see where we were.

On the way to the field station.
On the way to the field station.

Acknowledgments: this project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF DEB 1020623). Photos courtesy of: Julio Betancur*, Giovanny Giraldo*, Fredy Gómez, María Fernanda González*, Paola Pedraza-Peñalosa. (Those marked with a * are affiliated with the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.)


Vanessa Hequet said:

It'll be lovely to have a map of the trip!

Alba said:

Muy chevere el blog! Estare atenta a esta aventura.

Scott A. Mori said:

Dear Paola, This is one of the least understood and most exciting places in the world to collect plants. Although much of it is still pristine, it is under constant threat of deforestation (see images above) and what you find there will provide information that will serve to protect the plants and animals of this biological reserve forever! If this is not done now, it will never be done because deforestation can eliminate species found in limited areas, and, as we all know, extinction is also forever! Scott

Paola said:

Dear Scott: You are right. We have the false sense that establishing a reserved area is enough to protect species and process. However, the ecosystems within the park are still connected to the surrounding area and therefore vulnerable. Pinpoint among thousands of plant species which ones should be considered priorities for conservation or which could offer alternatives for sustainable use, is the next step in conservation within the park.

Saul Hoyos said:

Que buen blog y que buen trabajo. Mucho trabajo de campo se esta necesitado en esta region tan desconocida. Les deseo el mejor de los exitos en esta aventura. Saul Hoyos

Nicolas Castaño said:

Hei Pao! que bueno, me encanta. Mil felicitaciones por animarte a mostrar esa otra cara del trabajo en campo!!!

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