Grounds and Gardens

Horticulture and Living Collections

A National Historic Landmark, The New York Botanical Garden maintains one of the world’s greatest collections of flora. Its 250 acres include some of the most beautiful natural terrain of any botanical garden in the world, including dramatic rock outcroppings, rolling hills, waterfalls and ponds, the Bronx River, and a 50-acre remnant of the forest that once covered New York City.

Its 50 gardens and plant collections contain more than 1 million plants and include extraordinary displays such as the Arthur and Janet Ross Conifer Arboretum; the Benenson Ornamental Conifers; the Rock Garden; the Peggy Rockefeller Rose Garden; herbaceous and mixed borders featuring groundbreaking designs and plant materials including the Jane Watson Irwin Perennial Garden and Ladies’ Border; 30,000 distinguished trees, many more than 200 years old; and an exquisite orchid collection of over 8,000 plants, most housed in the Nolen Greenhouses for Living Collections, which opened in 2005 and is the most sophisticated behind-the-scenes greenhouses of any botanical garden in the United States.

The Home Gardening Center, opened in 2005, is the best place to see hot new plants and great old favorites. It's the place to learn time-saving techniques to make your garden more beautiful and manageable. An array of magnificent gardens and demonstration areas serve as an active "outdoor classroom". Bronx Green-Up, a community outreach program, has created more than 300 community and school gardens throughout the Bronx and provides ongoing horticultural and technical advice.

The Garden’s Enid A. Haupt Conservatory, opened in 1902, named a New York City Landmark in 1973, and restored in 1997, is the nation's largest Victorian-era glasshouse. It is home to A World of Plants, a permanent ecotour of the world, including tropical rain forests, deserts, carnivorous and aquatic plants, and the world's most comprehensive collection of palm trees under glass. The Conservatory also houses the Garden's seasonal flower shows, including the popular Orchid Show and Holiday Train Show.

Other notable historic buildings on the Garden grounds include The Stone Mill, a New York City landmark (1840); the Library Building (1901); and Stone Cottage (1840). The Garden has an extensive portfolio of work by outstanding architects, landscape architects, and garden designers, including Lord & Burnham, Robert Gibson, Polshek Partnership, Cooper Robertson, Hugh Hardy, Calvert Vaux, Frederick Law Olmsted Partners, Beatrix Jones Farrand, Ellen Biddle Shipman, Marian Cruger Coffin, Penelope Hobhouse, Shavaun Towers, and Lynden B. Miller.