The New York Botanical Garden


Resources on Global Climate Change


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
In the 1990s, most countries joined an international treaty — the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) — to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. This Web site contains numerous resources — for beginners or experts — such as introductory and in-depth publications, the official UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol texts, and a search engine to the UNFCCC library.

Library of UNFCCC
Documenting the climate change negotiating process

The library collects, analyses, processes, and disseminates information on climate change with an emphasis on the process of negotiation, implementation, and follow-up of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The library also serves as the archival unit for all of the official UNFCCC documents. In addition, this collection includes the sound recordings of the official sessions of INC, COP, SBSTA and SBI; press releases; statements made during the Conferences of the Parties; and materials presented in side-events at COP, SBI, and SBSTA meetings.

UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Recognizing the problem of potential global climate change, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. It is open to all members of the UN and WMO. The role of the IPCC is to assess on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant to understanding the scientific basis of risk of human-induced climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation.

Government Web sites with public outreach material
Important Disclaimer: This material is provided by individual governments, which are members of the IPCC. Linked material is not endorsed by the IPCC, nor is it necessarily based on IPCC approved reports. Where possible we have tried to emphasize links with specific reference to IPCC reports. This page is being offered on a trial basis to IPCC members that may be interested in viewing outreach efforts of other nations in the area of climate change. It is not endorsed by the IPCC as a source of IPCC public outreach material.

Kyoto Protocol
This international agreement, which builds on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, sets legally binding targets and timetables for cutting the greenhouse-gas emissions of industrialized countries.


Central European Countries
Central and Eastern European Countries within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.

Ecologic / Germany (commissioned by UNFCCC to produce Handbook)
Commissioned by the secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Ecologic is preparing an official handbook on the UNFCCC. The handbook on the UN Framework Convention of Climate Change will serve as a reference tool for Parties to the Convention, as well as for the public. It will provide an overview of the institutional framework of the Convention, the thematic work of the Conference of the Parties (COP), and the action taken by the COP.

The Royal Society : Climate Change Controversies : A Simple Guide
The Royal Society has produced this overview of the current state of scientific understanding of climate change to help non-experts better understand some of the debates in this complex area of science. This is not intended to provide exhaustive answers to every contentious argument that has been put forward by those who seek to distort and undermine the science of climate change and deny the seriousness of the potential consequences of global warming. Instead, the Society - as the UK's national academy of science - responds here to eight key arguments that are currently in circulation by setting out, in simple terms, where the weight of scientific evidence lies.

United States Government

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)
Created in 1989 with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), sponsored by DOE's Office of Science, and managed by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, ARM is a multi-laboratory, interagency program, and is a key contributor to national and international research efforts related to global climate change.

US Climate Change Science Program
Integrating federal research on global change and climate change. The Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) brings together the resources and expertise of 13 departments and agencies of the U.S. Government into a common management structure in support of research on climate and global change. Its mission is to develop a framework for acquiring and applying knowledge of the Earth’s global environment through research, observations, decision support, and communication.

U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research: Climate Change Research Division
Research is focused on understanding the basic chemical, physical, and biological processes of the Earth's atmosphere, land, and oceans and how these processes may be affected by energy production and use, primarily the emission of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion. A major part of the research is designed to provide the data that will enable an objective assessment of the potential for, and consequences of, global warming.

US Environmental Protection Agency, Global Change Research Program
The Web site uses the Environmental Information Management System (EIMS), which allows scientists working inside and outside the agency to directly enter metadata descriptions of their own data sets and research findings. Our long-term goal is to provide interactive tools and models at this Web site to support the decision and analytic needs of planners, resource managers, and other data users.

US Environmental Protection Agency, Climate Change Research Program: Resource Links
EPA's Climate Change Site offers comprehensive information on the issue of climate change in a way that is accessible and meaningful to all parts of society—communities, individuals, business, states and localities, and governments.

Related Web sites posted to US Environmental Protection Agency, Global Change Research Program (see above)

US Environmental Protection Agency Global Warming Resource Center
Please see EPA's Climate Change site for current information on climate change and global warming. EPA no longer updates EPA's Global Warming Site, but is maintaining this archive for historical purposes. Thank you for visiting the archive of EPA's Global Warming Site.

US Global Change Data and Information System (USGCRP)
Since 1987, data and information management experts from the USGCRP agencies have been collaborating through a Data and Information Working Group (DIWG) to develop interagency data management in support of global change research. The DIWG has provided a forum for agencies to share program information and act in concert to improve the quality of management, access, and utilization of global change data and information.


The Center for Climate Strategies
The Center for Climate Strategies is a nonprofit service organization that works directly with public officials and their stakeholders to identify, design, and implement policies that address climate mitigation, clean energy, and economic development opportunities.

Pew Center on Global Climate Change
The Pew Center on Global Climate Change was established in 1998 as a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organization. The Center's mission is to provide credible information, straight answers, and innovative solutions in the effort to address global climate change.


Nature Reports : Climate Change

Carbon Monitoring for Action
CARMA provides information on the carbon emissions of over 50,000 power plants and 4,000 power companies worldwide. Power generation accounts for 40% of all carbon emissions in the United States and about one-quarter of global emissions.