Horticulture and Garden History
At The New York Botanical Garden we are devoted to the highest standards of excellence in the growing and exhibition of plants.
Horticulture is the art and science of cultivating edible and ornamental plants. Botanical gardens have always documented the history of horticulture, and served as places where some of the most important milestones in horticultural history have been made. Certainly this is the case of The New York Botanical Garden, a National Historic Landmark that is home to one of the most extensive and diverse living plant collections and some of the world's most distinguished garden designs.
Of the Botanical Garden's 50 gardens and plant collections, the Peggy Rockefeller Rose Garden best embodies the Botanical Garden's rich history of both horticultural and design innovation. Designed by landscape architect Beatrix Jones Farrand in 1916, and inspired by the French tradition of formal rose gardens, the Rose Garden was not fully completed until 1988.
The most beautiful rose garden in the United States, the Peggy Rockefeller Rose Garden displays more than 3,000 roses of all the types, ranging from ancient varieties, developed more than 2,000 years ago, to the latest varieties, selected for beauty, fragrance, pest and disease resistance, vigor, and sustainability.
All the roses in the Rose Garden are labeled and many are commercially available. Visitors can enjoy the beauty of this most American of flowers while learning about the best varieties to plant in their own home gardens, thus continuing the centuries-old tradition of cultivating the rose, America's national flower.