In the 1800s, women who were interested in nature were often steered toward plant study, a subject regarded as more appropriate for their sensibilities than activities considered more well suited to their male counterparts such as hunting and handling animal specimens. As plant science developed into a profession toward the end of the 19th century, women were excluded for the most part from the discipline. Yet a handful of pioneering women persevered and succeeded in achieving remarkable careers in botany in the early 1900s, both breaking barriers and making breakthrough discoveries.

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