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João Araújo

Assistant Curator of Mycology, Institute of Systematic Botany

Ph.D., Penn State University
University Park, PA, 2017


Systematics and Evolutionary Ecology of Insect-Associated Fungi


Entomopathogenic Fungi and their Mycoparasites

Research locations

Neotropics (especially Amazonia)


My research interest is related to insect-associated fungi. I am interested in taxonomy, systematics and evolutionary ecology. Currently, I am working on the diversity and evolution of Japanese, Amazonian and African entomopathogenic fungi. My typical approach is to combine fundamental taxonomic science with natural history, field work, evolutionary biology, microscopy and photography. I am also interested in Scientific Illustration and Science communication through the arts.

Selected publications

Araújo J.P.M., Moriguchi M.G., Uchyiama S., Matsuura Y. (2021). Insights into the Ecology and Evolution of Blattodea-associated Ophiocordyceps. IMA Fungus 12: 1–17.


Imirzian, N., Araújo J.P.M., Hughes D.P. (submitted). A new Zombie-ant Behavior Unravelled: Using Tree Trunk as Transmission Hubs. Journal of Insect Pathology 177: 1– 7.


Araújo J.P.M., Evans H.C., Hughes, D.P. (2020). Zombie-ant fungi across continents: five new species within Ophiocordyceps. II. Myrmecophilous hymenostilboid species, a novel zombie lineage. Mycologia 112: 1138–1170.


Lisboa D.O., Evans H.C., Araújo J.P.M., Elias S.G., Barreto, R.W. (2020). Moniliophthora perniciosa, the mushroom causing witches’ broom disease of cacao: insights into its taxonomy, ecology and host range in Brazil. Fungal Biology 124: 983–1003.


Li Y., Yu H., Araújo J.P.M., Zhang X., Ji Y., Hulcr J. (2020). Esteya floridanum sp. nov.: An Ophiostomatalean Nematophagous Fungus and its Potential to Control the Pine Wood Nematode. Phytopathology.


Saltamachia, S.J. & Araújo, J.P.M. (2020). Ophiocordyceps desmidiospora, a basal lineage within “Zombie-Ant Fungi” clade. Mycologia. 112: 1171–1183.


Araújo J.P.M., Hughes, D.P. (2019). Zombie-ant Fungi Emerged from Non-Manipulating, Beetle-Infecting Ancestors. Current Biology. 29: 1–4.


Araújo J.P.M., Evans H.C., Kepler R., Hughes D.P. (2018). Zombie-ants across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology. 90: 1–42.


Evans H.C., Araújo J.P.M., Halfeld V.R., Hughes, D.P. (2018). “Epitypification and re-description of the zombie-ant fungus, Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae).” Fungal Systematics and Evolution. 1: 13-22.


Loreto RG, Araújo J.P.M., Kepler R., et al. (2018). Evidences for convergent evolution of host parasitic manipulation in response to environmental conditions. Evolution. 72: 2144. (IF = 3.573)


Araújo J.P.M., Hughes, D.P. (2017). The Fungal Spore: Myrmecophilous Ophiocordyceps as a case study. In: The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem (Dighton J, White JM, eds). CRC Press, USA. (Book chapter, no IF)


Araújo J.P.M., Hughes DP (2016). Diversity of Entomopathogenic Fungi: Which Groups Conquered the Insect Body? Advances in Genetics. 94: 1-39. (IF = 5.431)


Crous, P.W, Wingfield, M.J., Burgess, T. I., et al. (2016) Molecular phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi – Persoonia. 37: 218-403.


Hughes DP, Araújo J.P.M., Loreto RG, et al. (2016) From so Simple a Beginning: The Evolution of Behavioral Manipulation by Fungi – Advances in Genetics. 94: 437-469.


Barbosa B.C., Halfeld V.R., Araújo J.P.M., et al. (2015). Record of Ophiocordyceps unilateralis sensu lato, the zombie-ant fungus, parasitizing Camponotus in an urban fragment of Atlantic Rainforest in southeastern Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment. 50: 1-3.


Araújo J.P.M., Evans H.C., Geiser, D.M. et al. (2015). Unravelling the diversity behind the Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae) complex: Three new species of zombie-ant fungi from the Brazilian Amazon. Phytotaxa. 220: 224-238.


Quandt A.C., Kepler R.M., Gams W., Araújo J.P.M., et al. (2014). Phylogenetic-based nomenclatural proposals for Ophiocordycipitaceae (Hypocreales) with new combinations in Tolypocladium. IMA Fungus. 5: 121-134.